Lecture 4: Canine Social Organization, Communication & Aggressive (Curtis) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 4: Canine Social Organization, Communication & Aggressive (Curtis) Deck (53):
0

"sensitive" periods for dog-dog, dog-human, and for dog to explore novel environment

period of time when animal is plastic and open to new experiences.

dog-dog: 3-8 wks
dog-human: 5-12 wks
novel environment: 10-20 wks

1

Puppies handled during what age are most responsive to humans?

5-7 wks

2

What happens if puppies are raised only with kittens from 2.5 to 13 wks?

-don't recognize dogs as conspecifics
-prefer to be around cats

3

What happens if pups separated from mother at 6 wks?

-neg. effect on physical condition
-no superior human bonding created
-at-risk for anxiety-based issues

4

At what age do pups develop attachment to location and companions?

6-7 wks

5

At what age do pups develop elimination/location preference?

by 8.5 wks

6

At what age do pups have best response to novel objects?

5-9 wks

7

At what age does stabilization of pup-pup social hierarchy occur?

11-15 wks

8

Best time to adopt puppies

12-14 wks

9

What is ritual signaling?

normal "soft" communication of body language between dogs. Involves ears, tail, head, lips, stance, eye contact, licking, mounting, and urine marking.

10

4 signs of aggression

snarling, growling, snapping, biting

11

up and forward ears represents:

alert/dominance, confidence

12

down and back ears represent:

-fear/submission/anxiety
-excitement/anxiety

*dominant/confident dogs may also lay their ears back to protect them from damage in a fight*

13

Up tail represents:

alert/dominance

14

midlevel tail represents:

relaxed, attentive

15

down tail represents:

fear/submission

16

an up head represents:

alert/dominance

17

Down/turned away head represents:

fear/submission

18

elevation of the lips w/o retraction of the commissure represents:

dominant aggressive threat

19

retraction of the commissure with exposure of the teeth represent:

defensive threat, submission

20

upright/leaning forward stance represents:

alert/dominance

21

crouched stance represents:

fear/submission

22

what is the most submissive position?

rolling over (lying down = 2nd most)

23

mounting represents:

dominance. Usually is social NOT sexual!

24

dominance in eyes:

staring

25

submission in eyes:

looking away, blinking

26

Dog who urinates over another dog's urine is dominant or submissive?

dominant

27

metacommunication

a form of communication in which info is provided that modifies the meaning of subsequent communication. ex- the "play bow"

28

deferent = dominant or submissive?

submissive

29

signals of dominance/confidence

-ears erect/forward
-tail elevated
-makes/hold eye contact
-body leans forward
-piloerection (hair stands on end)
-standing over/jumping on

30

signals of submission/anxiety

-ears lowered and turned back
-body lowered
-tail tucked
-turns head/body away
-averts eyes
-may roll on back
-may urinate
-licks

31

T or F: No treatment for aggression is 100% effective

T

32

Aggression directed at humans is almost exclusively related to: *

fear/anxiety

33

4 F's that result from fear

fight, flight, freeze, fiddle (ie. lip-licking, yawning)

34

what is fear aggression? Treatment?

aggression coupled with signals of fear and submission.
Tx options: do NOT punish, avoid situations that are likely to trigger fearful/defensive behavior, classical conditioning, desensitization, counter-conditioning, off-label use of medications

35

possessive aggression and Tx

dog defends specific items, but otherwise doesn't exhibit aggression. often fear-based.
Tx- remove defended items or desensitization/counter-condition

36

Tx of territorial aggression

Tx - don't give a territorially aggressive dog a territory to defend! Never leave dog outside alone, DS & CC, classical conditioning

37

protective aggression and Tx

an extension of territorial aggression. Dog perceives that the owner is threatened.
Tx - avoid situations that dog believes it needs to protect, command control, DS & CC, classical conditioning, collar/harness

38

maternal aggression

post-partum protective aggression of pups. Usually wanes as puppies mature

39

pain aggression is usually assoc. with what conditions? Tx?

chronic conditions, nail trims, grooming, arthritis, skin conditions
Tx: make medication positive, treat underlying condition

40

risk factors for predatory aggression? Tx?

loose dogs, history of predatory behavior.
Tx: contain dog, command control, DS & CC, classical conditioning, harness/muzzle, medications

41

dominance aggression and tx

persistent aggression accompanied by multiple ritual dominance signals directed toward the owner. A "problem of relationships."
Tx: NO punishment, alpha rolling

42

Canine hieracrchy

canine relationships are FLUID, with contextual deference and a continuum of possible scenarios. Disputes usually settled through ritual signalling

43

Reasons for inter-dog aggression

status-related, fear, arousal, possessive, protective, territorial, redirected, predatory

44

non-household aggression

usually territorial or fear based. Difficult for owners to control

45

household aggression

b/w dogs in same household. Most commonly limited to one pair of dogs. More severe than aggression b/w non-housemates. Female-female aggression most severe

46

Triggers for household aggression

excitement, control over resources, physical proximity, owner presence (esp. when owner SUPPORTS the victim and PUNISHES the aggressor)

47

When does household aggression usually onset?

-onset of social maturity of younger dog (18-24 mo. old)
-hierarchy not clearly established
-"dominant" dog is aging or ill

48

increased irritability --> tolerance to conspecifics

decreases

49

Tx for household aggression

-separate dogs when not supervised
-establish owner control
-collars, harnesses, spay/neuter
-stabilize pack hierarchy by identifying and supporting dominant dog
-avoid "mixed signals"
-allow and reward ritualized signaling
-off-label use of medications

50

Bottom line goal for stopping household aggression

diffuse the situation and to give both of the dogs a way out

51

Tx for evenly matched dogs who try to both be "top dog"

-randomize order of feeding and handling
-desensitize and counter-condition to each other's proximity
-look for ritualized signals and reward

Prognosis is poorer if: initiator is younger than target, person has been bitten, or aggression is unpredictable

52

Types of aggression (11)

-Fear
-Possessive
-Territorial
-Protective
-Maternal
-Pain
-Predatory
-Dominance
-Inter-dog
-Non-household
-Household

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