Lecture 4- Sugar Beet Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 4- Sugar Beet Deck (33)
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1

How many tonnes of sugar beet are produced in the uk?

How many of those tonnes are imported?

8 million tonnes

2 million

2

What are the four factories processing sugar beet from east anglia and East Midlands?

Newark
Cantley
Wissington
Bury st Edmonds

3

What's the average distance from field to factory?

26 miles

4

What is the ideal PH level for sugar beet?

7

5

What soil type is best?

Light to medium soils

6

Why do you need 3 years between beet crops?

Avoid rhizomania, Weed beet and nematodes

7

How much nitrogen is needed in the soil?

120kg/ha

8

How much salt is needed for application? And when?

400kg/ha before drilling

9

What seed type is sugar beet?

Pelleted seed

10

What three species make up the "Soil Pest complex"?

-Springtails
-Symphalids
-millipedes

11

How do you control springtails, Symphalids and millipedes?

Seed treatments

12

Which pest species in sugar beet is there no control over?

Leather jackets

13

What condition do you need the seed bed?

Fine and firm
Above 5C

14

How many seeds are precision drilled into the seed bed?

120,000 seeds per hectare

15

How many seeds are expected to be established in the seed bed?

100,000 seeds/ hectare

16

Which soil type is used?

Medium loam

17

Hat is the cultivation process for the seed bed?

Sub soil
Plough
PowerHarrow

18

Why is sugar beet susceptible to weed emergence?

Slow to emerge
Low plant population

19

How many plants per meter squared?

8

20

How is cultural control of weeds performed?

Rotations
Cover crops
Mechanically

21

How is chemical control of weeds performed?

The basic method
FAR system

22

What is the basic method?

One dose of pre emergence herbicide
Two doses of post emergence herbicide

23

What is the FAR system controlling weeds?

How many applications is used?

Repeated ultra low doses of herbicide

5-6 applications

24

Sugar beet is biennial what does this mean?

Grows every other year

25

How is rhizomania disease controlled?

Using resistant varieties

26

How is virus yellows spread?
How are they controlled?

Amphids
Seed treatments

27

What are examples of foliar diseases?

Rust, powdery mildew, cercospora

28

How long does it take to grow sugar beet?

7 months

29

What is sugar beet sown?

September-March

30

When is sugar beet harvested?

September-February