Flashcards in Lecture 6 Deck (10)
2) In _________ coding, different features in the environment are coded by the activity of different neurons, while in ___________ coding, different features in the environmental are coded by the pattern of activity of neurons.
1) ____________ is the conversion of physical stimuli into changes in the activity of receptor cells if sensory organs. In other words, it is the process of converting energy from environmental events into neural activity.
3) The ____________________ is the smallest change in the magnitude of a stimulus that a person can detect.
4) In Signal-Detection Theory, a person's __________ is their tendency to report detecting or not detecting a stimulus when they are not sure whether or not they detected the stimulus.
5) When the ciliary muscles change the shape of the lens to focus on objects at different distances, we call that process in the eye _________.
6) The __________ is the circular "hole" in the retina through which the axons of the ganglion cells make up the optic nerve leave the eye to go to the brain.
7) During __________________, the eyes becomes capable of distinguishing dimly illuminated objects after going from bright areas to dark area. It occurs because rhodopsins are bleached out from the light and take time to return to their intact state.
8) Different wavelengths of sound are transduced by the human ear as changes in __________(pitch), while different levels of energy in the sound create different sensations of _________(loudness)
9) In the ear, tiny bones called _________________ transmit sound vibrations from the tympanic membrane of the cochlea.
auditory ossicle or ossicle