Lecture 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 6 Deck (33):
1

Centrosome

Structure present in cytoplasm of animal cell important during cell division

2

Chloroplast

Produces color in plant cells

3

Chromosome

A cellular structure varying genetic material

4

Cilia

Hairs that project bacteria

5

Cytoplasm

Liquid surrounding organelles in cell

6

Cytoskeleton

Network of microtubles that branch through cytoplasm to transport signals

7

Endoplasmic reticulum

Membranous network in eukaryotic cells composed of ribosomes

8

Extra cellular matrix

Substance animal cells are imbedded in

9

Flagellum

Tail the propels cells like sperm

10

Gap junction

Type of intercellular junction in animals that allows the passage of material between cells

11

Glycoproteins

Protein with one or more carbs covalently attached

12

Golgi apparatus

Organelle that modify and store products in endoplasmic reticulum

13

Intermediate filament

A component of the cytoskeleton that includes filaments intermediate in size between microtubules and microfilaments

14

Light microscope

Microscope that uses light to see object

15

Lysosomes

A membrane enclosed sack of hydrolotic enzymes found in the cytoplasm of animal cells and some Protists

16

Microfilament

The cable composed of actin proteins in the cytoplasm of almost every eukaryotic cell

17

Microtubule

A Hollyrod composed of tubulin proteins that make up part of the cytoskeleton in all eukaryotic cells and is found in cilia

18

Mitochondria

Produces energy and plant and animal cells

19

Nuclear lamina

A net like a ray of protein filaments lining the inner surface of the nuclear envelope

20

Nucleolus

A specialized structure in the nucleus consisting of chromatin regions containing ribosomal RNA and jeans along with ribosomal proteins imported from the cytoplasmic site of RNA synthesis and ribosomal subunits assembly

21

Nucleus

And Adam Centercourt containing protons and neutrons the chromosome containing organelle over eukaryotic cell

22

Organelle

Any of several membrane enclosed structures with some specialized functions suspended in the cytosol of eukaryotic cells

23

Peroxisome

And organelle containing enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen producing and then degrading hydrogen peroxide

24

Plasma membrane

The membrane at the boundary of every sell the exes selective barrier regulating the cells chemical composition

25

Plasmodesmata

An open channel in the cell wall of the plant through with strands of cytosol connect from an adjacent cell

26

Prokaryotic cell

Sell that does not contain a nucleus. Bacteria

27

Ribosomes

Cell that creates protein

28

Rough ER

Endoplasmic reticulum that has ribosomes on it

29

Smooth ER

Endoplasmic reticulum free of ribosomes

30

Tight junction

A type of intercellular junction in animal cells that prerinse the leakage of material between cells

31

Vacuole

A membrane bounded vesicle whose function varies in different kinds of cells

32

Vesicle

Tubes inside cells small enough for food

33

Centriole

A structure in the centrosome of an animal cell composed of s cylinder of microtuble triplets arranged in a 9+0 pattern