Lecture 6 Unmasking the subjective turn: The Critique of Religion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 6 Unmasking the subjective turn: The Critique of Religion Deck (49):
1

Contemporary critique of religion is a creation of a certain kind of ________ towards religion.

attitude of MIND

2

What does August Comte argue?

that there are 3 stages in the development of civilization

3

What are the 3 stages in the development of civilization?

1. primitive religious explanation of the universe
2. philosophical hypotheis
3. scientific knowledge

4

This time in the development of civilization involves the religious explanation of the universe; you are not totally civilized.

primitive religious explanation of the universe

5

This time in the development of civilization involves the MYTHOS becoming a LOGOS

Philosophical hypothesis

6

It is that which exists independently of anything else

Substance

7

Ultimate physical category; meaning of truth is relative

Relation

8

During which time was reson based on religious beliefs?

medieval time

9

during which time was beliefs based on reason

modern

10

Which theory states that there can be only one theory explaining everything

Theory of everything

11

Which theory attempts to explain the universe, but cannot explain subatomic particles?

Theory of relativity

12

What goes beyond religion?

scientific knowledge

13

Who propagated Hermeneutics?

-hermeneutics: we can retrieve the value of religion

Paul ricoeur

14

What are the 2 modes of interpretaion of hermeneutics?

1. restoration or recollection of meaning
2. an exercise of suspicion

15

What kind of interpretation is present when you don't belibe in god but you still do the rituals because it integrates you into a community?

restoration or recollection of meaning

16

What kind of interpretation is present when one doubt whether there really is a presupposed object in the earlier mode?

Some people pracitce CHRISTIAN NONREALISM, wherein we practice realities but have no background or objective

an exercise of suspicion

17

Accoring to paul ricoeur, who are the 3 masters of suspicion?

1. karl marx
2. sigmund freud
3. friedrich nietzsche

18

What is the goal of the three masters?

to flatten the vertical horizon of religion

--the transcendent object is all too human

19

who said that the transcendent object is the opiate of the oppressed class?

Marx

20

Who said that the transcendent object is the manifestation of ressentment in a slave ethic?

nietzsche

21

Who said that the transcendent object is an illusory attempt at wishful thinking?

Freud

22

Who wrote the book "The Man-God"?

Luc Ferry

23

Who is the man-god?

Jesus Christ

24

How do we belive in the man-god?

practive HORIZONTAL TRANSCENDENCE

25

it is seeing God by serving other people and changing society

horizontal transcendence

26

a great manifestation of ___ is horizontal transcendence

vertical transcendence

27

Who said that religion is self-objectification of humanity’s ultimate hope and destiny?

Ludwig Feuerbach

28

Ludwig Feuerbach's concept of religion is inline with the projection theory of ____

Xenophanes and Freud

29

He is a devout atheist...

Ludwig Feuerbach

30

It is believing that God is the objectification of man’s best qualities

Devout atheist

31

under Feuerbach, theology becomes the study of ____

MAN / anthropocentrism

32

Who says that religion is an ideology?

Karl marx

33

What did karl marx emphasize?

anthropocentricism of religion

34

According to marx, religion persists as long as ___

humanity is alienated from itself
-you are not getting what you are supposed to get (no self fulfillment)

35

religion for marx becomes ideological because it becaomes...

the opium of the people (illusory satisfaction)

36

What is the ideological double-character of religion?

1. need by the oppressed
2. illusory satisfaction

37

is there a place for religion in an emancipated social order?

no

38

Who said that religion is an RESSENTIMENT?

Friedrich Nietzsche

39

Religion according to nietzsche is the reversal of the. __

master-slave logic

-revenge of the weak slaves (RESSENTIMENT)

40

acc to nietzsche, religion is not founded by reason but by ______

will to power (der Wille zur Macht)

41

Absence of God results in the ____

transvaluation of values (beyond good and evil)

42

Notions of _____ feed this RESSENTIMENT in christianity

guilt and sin

-we are told that we are sinners; hence we need God

43

What is the genuine human ideal?

the OVERMAN (Ubermensch)
-->becoming the best we can so that we wont need God, because we know what is good and evil

44

Structure wherin masters are able to harness the primal drive for power

master slave strucutre

45

According to him, religion is an illusion or a Wish fulfillment.

Sigmund freud

46

What distinguishes freud from feuerbach?

instead of a projection of the fines qualities of man, religion for freud in the projection of NEUROTIC NEEDS that stream from human unconscious

47

According to freud, religion is rooted in an ______, which is repetitive behaviour to please the father because of an underlying love for the mother

oedipus complex

48

What are the 3 characteristics of religion as an illusion?

1. Motivation underlying religious belief had for its basis a wish-fulfillment
2. Because of the strength of this wish, a genuine relation with reality is factored out
3.the belief does not warrant verification

49

what is our challenge with religion?

to think of religion, we need to think about how we think of religion