Lecture #8 Axial and Appendicular Skeleton Flashcards Preview

FTM Anatomy Group > Lecture #8 Axial and Appendicular Skeleton > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture #8 Axial and Appendicular Skeleton Deck (51):
1

Which of the following bones is correctly matched with its process?

a. zygomatic bone–temporal process

b. maxilla–pterygoid process

c. vomer–mandibular process

d. temporal–occipital process

e. sphenoid–coronoid process

a. zygomatic bone–temporal process

2

All of the following articulate with the maxilla except the:

a. nasal bone.

b. frontal bone.

c. palatine bone.

d. mandible.

e. zygomatic bone.

d. mandible.

3

Which of the following is not a component of the orbit?

a. temporal

b. ethmoid

c. zygomatic

d. maxilla

e. lacrimal

a. temporal

4

The nasal septum is formed by parts of the:

a. ethmoid bone.

b. nasal bone.

c. vomer.

d. palatine bone.

e. Both a and c are correct.

e. Both a and c are correct.

5

Which of the following does not contain a paranasal sinus?

a. zygomatic

b. sphenoid

c. ethmoid

d. frontal

e. maxilla

a. zygomatic

6

The opening in the occipital bone through which the medulla oblongata connects with the spinal cord is the foramen magnum. (T/F)

True

7

The sagittal suture joins the parietal bones. (T/F)

True

8

The tubercle of a rib articulates with demifacets on the bodies of adjacent vertebrae. (T/F)

False.  The head of a rib articulates with demifaucets on the bodies of adjacent vertebrae.

9

Identify all points.

Q image thumb

Identify all points.

A image thumb
10

Which of the following tissues are best described as avascular?

A. Dense irregular connective tissue

B. Hyaline cartilage

C. Compact bone

D. Loose connective tissue

E. Dense regular connective tissue

B. Hyaline cartilage

11

Which of the following best describes the long, cylindrical, main region of a long bone?

A. Compact bone

B. Epiphysis

C. Metaphysis

D. Diaphysis

E. Spongy bone

D. Diaphysis

12

Which of the following best describes a sesamoid bone?

A. Patella

B. Humerus

C. Sternum

D. Scaphoid

E. Vertebrae

D. Scaphoid

13

Which of the following is not a function of bone?

A. Store calcium

B. Support soft tissues

C. Initiate movement

D. Protect brain and spinal cord E. Blood cell production

C. Initiate movement

14

Which of the following best describes the cell type that digests the extracellular matrix of bone?

A. Osteocyte

B. Chondrocyte

C. Osteogenic

D. Osteoclast

E. Osteoblast

D. Osteoclast

15

Which of the following best describes the cell type most active in bony callus formation following a fracture?

A. Chondrocytes

B. Osteoblasts

C. Chondroblasts

D. Osteocytes

E. Osteoclasts

C. Chondroblasts

16

Which of the following best describes the structures that allow communication between osteocytes?

A. Volkmann's canals

B. Nutrient foramen

C. Interstitial lamellae

D. Canaliculi

E. Haversian canals

D. Canaliculi

17

Which of the following best describes the type of vertebrae characterized by the presence of demifacets?

A. Coccygeal

B. Cervical

C. Sacral

D. Lumbar

E. Thoracic

E. Thoracic

18

Which of the following best describes the number of phalanges on one hand?

A. 5

B. 8

C. 7

D. 14

E. 15

D. 14

19

Which of the following best describes the glenohumeral joint?

A. Ball & socket

B. Hinge

C. Pivot

D. Saddle

E. Condyloid

A. Ball & socket

20

Identify the structure.

A.  Interstitual lamellae

B.  Osteon

C.  Circumferential lamellae

D.  Volkmann canal

E.  Haversian canal

Q image thumb

Haversian canal

A image thumb
21

Identify the structure.

 

A. Infraorbital foramen

B. Optic canal

C. Inferior orbital fissure

D. Superior orbital fissure

E. Supraorbital foramen

Q image thumb

D. Superior orbital fissure

A image thumb
22

Identify the structure.

 

A. Condylar process

B. Zygomatic process

C. Mastoid process

D. Styloid process

E. Coronoid proces

Q image thumb

C. Mastoid process

A image thumb
23

Identify the structure.

 

A. Jugular foramen

B. Foramen lacerum

C. Foramen spinosum

D. Foramen ovale

E. Foramen rotundum

Q image thumb

D. Foramen ovale

A image thumb
24

Identify the structure. 

A. Trochlea

B. Medial epicondyle

C. Olecranon

D. Capitulum

E. Lateral epicondyle

Q image thumb

C. Capitulum

A image thumb
25

Identify the structure.

A. Greater trochanter

B. Neck

C. Linea aspera

D. Head

E. Lesser trochanter

Q image thumb

A. Greater trochanter

A image thumb
26

Identify each letter. 

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A image thumb
27

Identify each letter

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A image thumb
28

Identify each letter

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A image thumb
29

Identify each letter

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A image thumb
30

Identify each letter

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A image thumb
31

Identify each letter

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A image thumb
32

Identify each letter

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A image thumb
33

Identify each letter

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A image thumb
34

Identify the marked areas.

Q image thumb

A image thumb
35

Which of the following statements corresponds to the scapula?

A. It is classified as a long bone

B. It is part of the axial skeleton

C. It has the glenoid fossa on its medial border 

D. It has a spine located on its posterior surface 

E. It has facets for articulation with the ribs

D. It has a spine located on its posterior surface 

36

Which of the following anatomical landmarks is found on the ethmoidbone

A. Laterapterygoid plate

B. Middle nasal concha

C. Inferior nasal concha

D. Internal acoustic meatus

E. Foramen rotundum

B. Middle nasal concha

37

Which of the following is a feature of the male pelvis?

A. Shallow greater pelvis

B. Pubic arch >90 °

C. Pubic arch < 90 °

D. Wide oval pelvic brim

E. Thin and light 

C.Pubic arch < 90 °

38

Which of the following joints will have synovial membranes ?

A. Pubic symphysis

B. Dentoalveolar

C. Fronto-parietal

D. Sternoclavicular

E. Squamous suture

D. Sternoclavicular

39

While jogging, a 25 year old male felt a sudden pain in his knees. Which of the following anatomical landmarks will be found on the bones that form the affected joint? 

A. Coracoid process

B. Medial malleous

C. Lateral malleolus

D. Capitulum

E. Navicular

B. Medial malleous

40

Which of the following anatomical landmarks is found on the sphenoid bone? 

A. Internal acoustic meatus

B. Superior orbital fissure

C. Supraorbital notch

D. Extrenal acoustic meatus

E. Hypoglossal canal

B. Superior orbital fissure

41

Which of the following bones form the radio carpal (Wrist) joint? 

A. Trapezium

B. Capitate 

C. Scaphoid

D. Pisiform

E. Hamate

C. Scaphoid

42

Which of the following is an identifying feature of the temporal bone?

A. Pterygoid process

B. Mandibular fossa

C. Sella turcica

D. Supraorbital notch

E. Cribiform plate

B.  Mandibular fossa

43

A runway model fractures one of the bones of her ankle while walking on 4 inch stilettos. Which of the following bones may have been fractured?

A. Calcaneus

B. Navicular

C. Talus

D. Cuboid

E. Cuniform

C. Talus

44

Which of the following anatomical landmarks can be found in the Sphenoid bone?

A. Jugular foramen

B. Olfactory foramina

C. Foramen ovale

D. Hypoglossal canal

E. Superior nasal concha

C. Foramen ovale

45

A race driver who was involved in a vehicular accident, fractured his third lumbar vertebrae. Which of the following is characteristic of this vertebrae?

A. Vertebral foramina in its transverse process

B. Costal facets

C. Short bifid spinous processes

D. Lateral masses 

E. Large intervertebral discs

 

E. Large intervertebral discs

46

Which of the following bones does not belong to the axial skeleton?

A. Ischium

B. Hyoid

C. Malleus

D. Mandible

E. Sternum

A. Ischium

47

Which of the following structures will help a pre medical student identify the occipital bone? 

A. Styloid process

B. Mandibular fossa

C. Hypoglossal canal

D. Stylomastoid foramen

E. Internal acoustic meatus

C. Hypoglossal canal

48

Which of the following structures will be found on the articulating surfaces of the bones that form the elbow joint? 

A. Styloidprocess of ulnar

B. Head of the ulnar

C. Styloid process of the radius

D. Head of humerus

E. Trochlear notch of the ulna

 

E. Trochlear notch of the ulna

49

A 2 year old girl fell and struck the the back of her head on a stone. Which of the following anatomical landmarks would be found on the bone that was affected?

A. External acoustic meatus

B. Mastoid process

C. Hypoglossal canal

D. Styloidprocess

E. Foramen ovale

C. Hypoglossal canal

50

The foramen magnum is found in which of the following bones?

A. Temporal

B. Parietal

C. Sphenoid

D. Occipital

E. Mandible 

D. Occipital

51

Which of the following anatomical landmarks is found on the sphenoid bone? 

A. Cribiform plate

B. Styloid process

C. Cristagalli

D. Foramen rotundum

E. Internal acoustic meatus

D. Foramen rotundum