Lecture 8 (Digestive Glands) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 8 (Digestive Glands) Deck (19):
1

Salivary Glands

1. Parotid: large anterior to the ear goes from cheek to jaw
2. Sublingual: below the tongue
3. Submandibular: below the jaw

2

Saliva

Keeps mouth moist, moistens food, keep teeth clean, good for enamel, neutralize acid in food and drink
Beings digestion of starches and fats
Saliva may absorb tobacco tar increase the risk of esophageal cancer

3

Mumps

Viral infection
Of parotid salivary glands
they become swollen
very contagious
Adult men: exposed to virus can be rendered sterile

4

Stones of salivary glands

Saliva crystallize, form in the ducts become swollen

5

Cancer in the salivary glands

2/3 tumors are benign
have to remove because the high collection of lymph nodes, cervical nodes

6

Pancreas

6 inches long
behind the stomach and intestines
Pancreatic ducts release enzymes into the duodenum.
Release insulin

7

Exocrine

Creating hormones
Pancreas has abundant rough ER

8

Endocrine

Diff cells that make hormones

9

Seat Belt Injuries

Lap belts
May compress abdomen, causing the pancreas to rupture,
Enzymes will release into the abdomen
Digest the body cavity and organs

10

Pancreatitis

Symptoms: fever yes or no, abdominal pain
caused by reaction to medication

11

Pancreatic Cancer

Difficult to diagnosis, no specific abdominal pain
difficult to treat
Will spread before it is recognized, go to liver, spleen, stomach, lungs

12

The liver

Largest Gland, bile
200 hundred diff functions

13

Gall stones

Crystalized bile, high lvl of cholesterol this is common
Bile is used to metabolize fats
Small stones = bad = block duct = cause back up in the liver

14

Jaundice

When excess bile enters the blood stream
Yellowing of eyes and skin
Get from pancreatic cancer
reaction to medication

15

Jaundice in new borns

Immature live cant not do its job = jaundice
UV lights helps liver mature, 10 -15 mines

16

Hepatitis

Infection of the liver
making it enlarged
can be permanent

17

Cirrhosis

Scaring of the liver
reaction to medication
1. fatty liver
2. hepatitis
3. alcohol

18

Liver cancer

Primary: starts in the liver
Secondary: started somewhere else
Liver function will stop, get very sick, may become jaundice

19

Transplant of Liver tissue

Partial live: part of the right lob, cells will grow in young kids
Originally; whole in liver including gall bladder.