Lecture 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 9 Deck (20):
1

What is the criteria for eating behaviors?

What, when, where, why and how much we eat

2

How are eating behaviors determined?

Biologically, psychologically and socially

3

Eating behaviors are influence by?

Hunger, appetite and satiety

4

What is the difference between hunger and appetite?

Hunger- physiological (neuropeptide Y tells us we need to eat) (alpha-melanotropin causes satiety)

Appetite- psychological (external and biological factors)

5

What are the signals of short-term end of meal?

-psychological
-mechanical
-hormonal

6

What does Ghrelin do?

Induces hunger

7

What does Leptin do?

Decreases hunger

8

What do people usually associate with food? (emotionally)

Love, comfort & reward

9

What is BED characterized by?

rapid and excessive food consumption (2hr) when not physiologically hungry
-NOT accompanied with compensatory behaviors (purging

10

What emotions are accompanied by BED?

loss of control and psychological distress

11

What is the difference between BED and BN?

Overeating and loss of control can occur separately in BED

12

What are the possible causes of BED?

A) dietary restraint & deprivation of food
B) stress
C) altered biology (drugs)
D) psychological (self-esteem)

13

Why do obese people need to eat more food to get the happy feeling?

Less dopamine receptors

14

What are treatments for BED?

1. psychotherapy (cognitive behavioral therapy)
2.behavioral weight loss treatment
3. pharmacotherapy

15

What is the primary focus for psychotherapy for BED?

reducing binge eating

16

Who was the first to discover NES?
(night eating syndrome)

Stunkard

17

What is the criteria for NES?

- Daily eating pattern of evening/night hyperphagia
-25% of calories are eaten after dinner
-at least 2 episodes of nocturnal eating a week
-has NOTHING to do with any psych disorders or drugs

18

Who is NES prevalent in?

-early adulthood
-runs in the family
-obese ppl
-bariatric surgery patients

19

What are behavioral features of NES?

insomnia, snacking not binges, high CHOs

20

How is NES treated?

-pharmacological (zoloft)
-bright light therapy
-cognitive behavioral therapy