Flashcards in Lecture 9 Deck (20):
What is the criteria for eating behaviors?
What, when, where, why and how much we eat
How are eating behaviors determined?
Biologically, psychologically and socially
Eating behaviors are influence by?
Hunger, appetite and satiety
What is the difference between hunger and appetite?
Hunger- physiological (neuropeptide Y tells us we need to eat) (alpha-melanotropin causes satiety)
Appetite- psychological (external and biological factors)
What are the signals of short-term end of meal?
What does Ghrelin do?
What does Leptin do?
What do people usually associate with food? (emotionally)
Love, comfort & reward
What is BED characterized by?
rapid and excessive food consumption (2hr) when not physiologically hungry
-NOT accompanied with compensatory behaviors (purging
What emotions are accompanied by BED?
loss of control and psychological distress
What is the difference between BED and BN?
Overeating and loss of control can occur separately in BED
What are the possible causes of BED?
A) dietary restraint & deprivation of food
C) altered biology (drugs)
D) psychological (self-esteem)
Why do obese people need to eat more food to get the happy feeling?
Less dopamine receptors
What are treatments for BED?
1. psychotherapy (cognitive behavioral therapy)
2.behavioral weight loss treatment
What is the primary focus for psychotherapy for BED?
reducing binge eating
Who was the first to discover NES?
(night eating syndrome)
What is the criteria for NES?
- Daily eating pattern of evening/night hyperphagia
-25% of calories are eaten after dinner
-at least 2 episodes of nocturnal eating a week
-has NOTHING to do with any psych disorders or drugs
Who is NES prevalent in?
-runs in the family
-bariatric surgery patients
What are behavioral features of NES?
insomnia, snacking not binges, high CHOs