Lecture 9.23.16 - Obesity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 9.23.16 - Obesity Deck (16):
1

How is BMI calculated?

1. Weight (kg)/Height (m^2)
2. Weight (lb)/Height (in^2) * 703

2

What are two limitations of BMI?

Overestimate athlete BMI and underestimate elderly BMI

3

Obesity is defined as a waist circumference greater than ___ in men and ___ in women.

40"; 35"

4

What are the BMI weight classifications?

Underweight: <18.5
Normal weight: 18.5-24.9
Overweight: 25-29.9
Obese: >30

5

What are the weight classifications for children?

Underweight: <5th percentile
Healthy weight: 5th-<85th percentile
Overweight: 85th-<95th percentile
Obesity: equal to or greater than the 95th percentile
Severe obesity: 99th percentile

6

What percent of adult Americans are overweight or obese?

66%

7

What percent of children and adolescents are overweight or obese?

33%

8

Childhood obesity is mostly established prior to age ___.

5

9

What are some of the hidden costs of obesity?

Energy to produce food, extra 1 billion gallons of gasoline, energy for packaging, managing waste, using resources from around the world

10

What are some causes of obesity?

Genetics, sleep, microbiome, toxins, viruses, cultural (societal and individual)

11

___ increases as body weight increases.

Set point

12

As you decrease calories, ___ decreases.

Metabolic rate

13

A higher protein diet for babies is correlated with what?

Increased risk of developing obesity any time in life

14

Are processed foods associated with obesity?

Yes

15

Obesity surpassed ___ in quality adjusted life years lost.

Smoking

16

What is metabolic programming?

The concept that there are environmental and nutritional influences at critical periods of development