Lecture Exam 2 - Notes: pages 11-14 Flashcards Preview

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1

__________ infection: infection limited to a small area of the body i.e. boil

Local

2

__________ infection: infection spread throughout the body i.e. AIDS

Systemic

3

__________ infection: infection starts out local, and then some part of the microbe spreads to other regions of the body i.e. tetanus

Focal

4

Focal infection: infection starts out local, and then some part of the __________ spreads to other regions of the body i.e. __________

-microbe
-tetanus

5

__________ infection: several agents establish themselves simultaneously at the infection site
This is also called a polymicrobial infection i.e. Dental caries

Mixed

6

Mixed infection: several agents establish themselves __________ at the infection site
This is also called a __________ infection i.e. Dental caries

-simultaneously
-polymicrobial

7

__________ infection: The first infection i.e. HIV

Primary

8

__________ infection: Follows the primary. Usually caused by opportunistic microbes i.e. Pneumonia,
Retinitis caused by CMV

Secondary

9

Secondary infection: Follows the primary. Usually caused by __________ microbes i.e. Pneumonia, __________ caused by CMV

-opportunistic
-Retinitis

10

__________ infection: Rapid onset of signs/symptoms, but lasts for a short time i.e. Influenza - Short incubation period

Acute

11

Acute infection: Rapid onset of signs/symptoms, but lasts for a __________ time
i.e. __________ - Short incubation period

-short
-Influenza

12

__________ infection: Slow onset of signs/symptoms, but lasts for a long time i.e. Tuberculosis - Long incubation period

Chronic

13

Chronic infection: Slow onset of signs/symptoms, but lasts for a __________ time
i.e. __________ - Long incubation period

-long
-Tuberculosis

14

__________ : objective evidence of disease. Can be observed or measured
-ex. Temperature, Blood Pressure, Heart rate

Sign

15

Sign: objective evidence of disease. __________ be observed or measured
-ex. Temperature, __________, Heart rate

-Can
-Blood Pressure

16

__________ : subjective evidence of disease. Symptoms cannot be observed or measured
(felt by patient) symptoms = Pain, fatigue, nausea, dizziness

Symptom

17

Symptom: subjective evidence of disease.
__________ be observed or measured
(felt by __________ )
symptoms = Pain, fatigue, nausea, dizziness

-Cannot
-patient

18

__________ : when a disease can be identified or defined by a certain complex of signs/symptoms

Syndrome

19

-Infectious syndrome, __________ by a microbe - - -
-Noninfectious syndrome, __________ by a microbe

-caused
-not caused

20

__________ syndrome - - Staphylococcus

Toxic shock

21

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: __________ syndrome

infectious

22

Congenital Rubella Syndrome: __________ syndrome

infectious

23

Down Syndrome: __________ syndrome

Noninfectious

24

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: __________ etiology

unknown

25

__________ - Barr virus, the cause of mononucleosis (kissing disease), was thought to be the etiology, but this theory has been discarded.

Epstein

26

Epstein - Barr virus, the cause of mononucleosis (__________ disease), was thought to be the etiology, but this theory has been __________.

-kissing
-discarded

27

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Name of this will be changed to SEID or Systemic __________ Disease

Exertion Intolerance

28

The prevalent symptom on mononucleosis is __________

fatigue

29

__________ Syndrome: can be infectious or noninfectious - SIDS

Sudden Infant Death

30

__________ : example of when SIDS is classified as infectious

Infant Botulism