Lecture Exam 2 - Notes: pages 3-11 Flashcards Preview

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__________ : study of disease

Pathology

2

__________ : cause of the disease

Etiology

3

__________ : manner in which a disease occurs

Pathogenesis

4

Structural and functional changes brought on by the disease
These are commonly referred to as __________ of disease

signs/symptoms

5

__________ : Invasion and colonization of the body with pathogens

Infection

6

Infection: Invasion and colonization of the body with __________

pathogens

7

__________ : When infection results in a change from the normal state of health

Disease

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A UTI is an example of where the term __________ is used to mean disease

infection

9

A UTI is an example of where the term infection is used to mean disease

There is a difference though between an STI (__________) and an STD (__________)

-infection
-disease

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__________ Infection: Infection with signs/symptoms (—disease)

Clinical

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__________ Infection: Infection without signs/symptoms (—infection)
A person with a subclinical infection is called a carrier

Subclinical

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Subclinical Infection: Infection without signs/symptoms (—infection)
A person with a subclinical infection is called a __________

carrier

13

__________ disease: disease not caused by a microbe

Noninfectious

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Noninfectious disease: disease __________ by a microbe

not caused

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__________ disease: disease caused by a microbe

Infectious

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Infectious disease: disease __________ by a microbe

caused

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Example of a disease that was previously thought to be noninfectious but are now classified as infectious: __________

Ulcer

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Ulcers: caused by __________ pylori

Helicobacter

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The microbe __________ is the cause of 80% of gastric and duodenal ulcers

Helicobacter pylori

20

__________ found in people who have stomach cancer

Helicobacter pylori

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Treatment of Ulcers includes a “cocktail” of __________ and antacids

-antibiotics

22

__________ cancer: Human Papilloma Virus

Cervical

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__________ cancer: Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus

Liver

24

__________ : The study of the frequency and distribution of disease and other health related factors in defined human populations

Epidemiology

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Epidemiology: The study of the frequency and distribution of __________ and other health related factors in defined human __________

-disease
-populations

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__________ : When and where disease occurs and how it is transmitted

Epidemiology

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__________ is the primary government agency responsible for keeping track of infectious disease nationwide

CDC

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__________ : By law cases of diseases within this category must be reported to public health authorities.

Reportable (Notifiable) Disease

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Reportable (Notifiable) Disease: By law cases of diseases within this category must be reported to __________ authorities.

public health

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Reportable (Notifiable) Disease: By law cases of diseases within this category must be reported to public health authorities.

(both sexually transmitted diseases)
- __________ Chlamydia
-

-Genital
-Gonorrhea