Flashcards in Lecture: Lower Limb 1: Pelvis and Hip Joint Deck (13):
Name the area where the 3 hip bones fuse
the 3 bones of the hip?
L and R Inominate (hip) bones
What contributes to the stability of the hip joint?
Fibrous capsule around all of joint
name the ligaments involved in the hip joint
What is the acetabular labrum
rim of cartilage which deepens the articular surface
nothing inferior in acetabulum, just cartilage (acetabular notch)
describe the iliofemoral ligament
covers superior and anterior
from ilium to femur
prevents hyperextension of hip while standing
describe the pubofemoral ligament
covers inferior and anterior
prevents excessive abduction
describe the ischiofemoral ligament
typical injuries at the hip?
fractured Neck of Femur (#NOF)
dislocation of hip joint
fractures of the pelvic ring
characteristics of posterior dislocation of the hip joint
limb appears shortened and internally rotated
sciatic nerve injury may occur
characteristics of anterior dislocation of the hip?
occurs when force is applied during extreme abduction with external rotation of the hip
limb appears externally rotated, abducted and flexed
What is Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)?
acetabulum not deep enough to accomodate head of femur
varies in severity