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1

Describe the radiographic appearance of a schmorl's node

small indentation into the inferior endplate

2

Where is the coronoid process?

on the ulna

3

Name the carpal bone that articulates with the hamate in the distal row

Capitate

4

Give one radiographic finding that is associated with a congenital blocked vertebrae

*anterior concavity of the vertebral bodies
*rudimentary disc
*fusion of the bodies and the spinouses
*invisible IVF's

5

Which IVF on a Right Posterior Oblique?

Left IVF

6

What are the 3 parts of the long bone?

1. epiphysis
2. metaphysis
3. diaphysis

7

Give one example of an apophysis

Greater trochanter of the femur

8

Endochondral ossification forms what type of bones?

Long bones

9

Intermembranous ossification forms what type of bone?

Flat bones

10

How many layers are in the growth plate?

4 layers

11

Blood flows uninterrupted from the epiphysis to the metaphysis in the adult? True or False?

True

12

The last bone to completely ossify is what?

Clavicle

13

Which IVF on an LPO?

Right IVF

14

Which pars on an LPO

Left pars

15

The tibia is formed by intramembranous or endochondral ossification?

Endochondral

16

The lesser trochanter is an apophysis or epiphysis?

apophysis

17

The growth plate is closed in the long bone of a child? True or False?

False

18

Which is stronger? Compact or medullary bone?

Compact Bone

19

Yellow marrow is more likely found in the sternum than the radius? True or False?

False

20

The location of the conoid?

on the clavicle (an apophysis)

21

On a Right Anterior Oblique, which IVF?

Right IVF

22

Fatty marrow increases with age? True or False?

True

23

The diaphysis of the long bone is a primary center? True or False?

True

24

List all 8 carpal bones

1. Scaphoid
2. Lunate
3. Triquetrum
4. Pisiform
5. Trapezium
6. Trapezoid
7. Capitate
8. Hamate

25

Optician

one who makes glasses

26

Optometrist

Dr. who prescribes glasses

27

Ophthalmologist

Eye surgeon (medical doctor who specializes in the eye)

28

If a hole is seen in the bone, what term is used to describe it?

Osteolytic

29

The size of the lytic lesion that is the biggest?

Geographic

30

If you saw a lytic lesion on an x-ray and you knew it was an aggressive, malignant tumor; what size is that lytic lesion going to present as?

Permeative

31

Is a well defined tumor, benign or malignant?

Benign

32

What is the name of the acronym for x-ray categories?

CATBITES

33

What does the "T" in CATBITES stand for?

Tumor and Trauma

34

A wide zone of transition, benign or malignant?

Malignant

35

A geographic pattern means that it is lytic? True or False?

True

36

The greater tubercle on the humerus; is it an apophysis or an epiphysis

Apophysis

37

A radiology technologist, someone who takes films, may read or interpret the film? True or False?

False

38

An onion-skin periosteal reaction is also known as Codman's? True or False?

False

39

If your patient needs eye glasses, send them to an opthamologist? True or False?

False

40

Well defined lesions are benign? True or False?

True

41

If you have an overexposed film, will it be light or dark?

Dark

42

Is a bright white lesion lytic or blastic?

Blastic

43

What is an AKA for a bone density scan?

DEXA Scan

44

Bone scans are insensitive? True or False?

False; bone scans are very sensitive, but not very specific.

45

One disadvantage of using contrast

*Invasive procedure
*Operator and interpreter dependent
*Only see structural surface
*May miss small lesions

46

Name the positive spots on a bone scan

Hot Spots

47

Left Posterior Oblique in the cervical spine, What is the anatomy we are looking at and is it right or left?

Right IVF

48

What type of advanced imaging would be used to evaluate bone density?

DEXA scan

49

Does an MRI use magnets or radiation to acquire an image?

Magnets

50

On a CT scan, what type of window would be used to identify an enlarged abdominal aorta?

Soft Tissue Window

51

Name the triangle of leucency in the proximal femur when the patient has decreased bone density

Ward's Triangle

52

With osteoporosis, is the quantity or quality decreased?

Quantity

53

What category is disuse/immobilization under?

Regional Osteoporosis

54

What type of osteoporosis is associated with pregnancy and the left hip?

Transient

55

What is it called when you have a decrease in bone quantity?

Osteoporosis

56

Identify 2 words to describe a malignant lesion

*Ill defined
*Speculated Periosteal Reaction

57

The more patterns you see the greater the chance for osteoporosis? True or False?

True

58

Comparing an 85 y/o to a 30 year old, Is it a T score or a Z score?

T score

59

What does CT stand for?

Computed Tomography

60

What does the "A" in CAT stand for?

Axial

61

If the Mitchell Marker is behind the spine, is it anterior or posterior?

Anterior

62

What does a bone scan determine?

Metabolic Activity

63

Are bone scans sensitive?

Yes

64

Are bone scans very specific?

No

65

What is the unit of measurement used for CT?

HU

66

A CT bone window may be used to evaluate marrow disease? True or False

True

67

A T2 is a good imaging sequence to evaluate fluid or water? True or False?

True

68

What is the name of a single preliminary study?

Scout

69

What is the T1 used to study?

Fat

70

What color will bone look like on an MRI?

Gray

71

What is the most common metabolic bone disease?

Osteoporosis

72

What is bone softening called?

Osteomalacia

73

What part of the bone is lost first trabecular or cortical?

Trabecular

74

What type of wedging do compression fractures have?

Anterior

75

What is it called when the posterior height is taller than the anterior height?

Anterior Wedging

76

How much bone loss do you need to see osteopenia on an x-ray?

30-50%

77

What does Ward's triangle indicate?

Osteopenia

78

Where is Ward's triangle seen?

Proximal Femur

79

Which trabecular pattern is the last to be obliterated?

Principle Compressive Group

80

What modality are hot spots seen in?

Bone Scan

81

What is a cause of osteoporosis?

Aging

82

Who is the founder of computed tomography?

Hounsfied

83

What year was CT developed?

1972

84

What year was chiropractic and x-ray discovered?

1895

85

What color is bone on a CT scan?

White

86

On a CT scan, an irregular area in the chest with a HU of -100 represents what?

Fat

87

What are the 3 examples of lytic destructive patterns?

1. Geographic
2. Permeative
3. Motheaten

88

Onion skin periosteal reaction is fast and even? True or False?

False

89

What is the HU for air?

-1000

90

What type of imaging evaluates bone using a T score and a Z score?

DEXA scan

91

CT imaging may be used to evaluate for chest pathology? True or False?

True

92

What type of periosteal reaction is fast and uneven?

Laminated/Onion skin

93

Which is more aggressive, solid or spiculated?

Spiculated

94

Which modality is very sensitive, but not specific?

Bone Scan

95

Narrow zone of transition, benign or malignant?

Benign

96

One advantage of x-ray

cheap

97

CT uses x-rays? True or False?

True

98

HU for water?

0

99

Bone scan is used to evaluate bone density? True or False?

False, it is DEXA scan.

100

Myelography is the study of the spine and the spinal cord? True or False?

True

101

Salter-Harris fractures only occur in children? True or False?

True (Salter-Harris fractures only occur in open growth plates)