Flashcards in Lecture Questions Deck (101)
Describe the radiographic appearance of a schmorl's node
small indentation into the inferior endplate
Where is the coronoid process?
on the ulna
Name the carpal bone that articulates with the hamate in the distal row
Give one radiographic finding that is associated with a congenital blocked vertebrae
*anterior concavity of the vertebral bodies
*fusion of the bodies and the spinouses
Which IVF on a Right Posterior Oblique?
What are the 3 parts of the long bone?
Give one example of an apophysis
Greater trochanter of the femur
Endochondral ossification forms what type of bones?
Intermembranous ossification forms what type of bone?
How many layers are in the growth plate?
Blood flows uninterrupted from the epiphysis to the metaphysis in the adult? True or False?
The last bone to completely ossify is what?
Which IVF on an LPO?
Which pars on an LPO
The tibia is formed by intramembranous or endochondral ossification?
The lesser trochanter is an apophysis or epiphysis?
The growth plate is closed in the long bone of a child? True or False?
Which is stronger? Compact or medullary bone?
Yellow marrow is more likely found in the sternum than the radius? True or False?
The location of the conoid?
on the clavicle (an apophysis)
On a Right Anterior Oblique, which IVF?
Fatty marrow increases with age? True or False?
The diaphysis of the long bone is a primary center? True or False?
List all 8 carpal bones
one who makes glasses
Dr. who prescribes glasses
Eye surgeon (medical doctor who specializes in the eye)
If a hole is seen in the bone, what term is used to describe it?
The size of the lytic lesion that is the biggest?
If you saw a lytic lesion on an x-ray and you knew it was an aggressive, malignant tumor; what size is that lytic lesion going to present as?
Is a well defined tumor, benign or malignant?
What is the name of the acronym for x-ray categories?
What does the "T" in CATBITES stand for?
Tumor and Trauma
A wide zone of transition, benign or malignant?
A geographic pattern means that it is lytic? True or False?
The greater tubercle on the humerus; is it an apophysis or an epiphysis
A radiology technologist, someone who takes films, may read or interpret the film? True or False?
An onion-skin periosteal reaction is also known as Codman's? True or False?
If your patient needs eye glasses, send them to an opthamologist? True or False?
Well defined lesions are benign? True or False?
If you have an overexposed film, will it be light or dark?
Is a bright white lesion lytic or blastic?
What is an AKA for a bone density scan?
Bone scans are insensitive? True or False?
False; bone scans are very sensitive, but not very specific.
One disadvantage of using contrast
*Operator and interpreter dependent
*Only see structural surface
*May miss small lesions
Name the positive spots on a bone scan
Left Posterior Oblique in the cervical spine, What is the anatomy we are looking at and is it right or left?
What type of advanced imaging would be used to evaluate bone density?
Does an MRI use magnets or radiation to acquire an image?
On a CT scan, what type of window would be used to identify an enlarged abdominal aorta?
Soft Tissue Window
Name the triangle of leucency in the proximal femur when the patient has decreased bone density
With osteoporosis, is the quantity or quality decreased?
What category is disuse/immobilization under?
What type of osteoporosis is associated with pregnancy and the left hip?
What is it called when you have a decrease in bone quantity?
Identify 2 words to describe a malignant lesion
*Speculated Periosteal Reaction
The more patterns you see the greater the chance for osteoporosis? True or False?
Comparing an 85 y/o to a 30 year old, Is it a T score or a Z score?
What does CT stand for?
What does the "A" in CAT stand for?
If the Mitchell Marker is behind the spine, is it anterior or posterior?
What does a bone scan determine?
Are bone scans sensitive?
Are bone scans very specific?
What is the unit of measurement used for CT?
A CT bone window may be used to evaluate marrow disease? True or False
A T2 is a good imaging sequence to evaluate fluid or water? True or False?
What is the name of a single preliminary study?
What is the T1 used to study?
What color will bone look like on an MRI?
What is the most common metabolic bone disease?
What is bone softening called?
What part of the bone is lost first trabecular or cortical?
What type of wedging do compression fractures have?
What is it called when the posterior height is taller than the anterior height?
How much bone loss do you need to see osteopenia on an x-ray?
What does Ward's triangle indicate?
Where is Ward's triangle seen?
Which trabecular pattern is the last to be obliterated?
Principle Compressive Group
What modality are hot spots seen in?
What is a cause of osteoporosis?
Who is the founder of computed tomography?
What year was CT developed?
What year was chiropractic and x-ray discovered?
What color is bone on a CT scan?
On a CT scan, an irregular area in the chest with a HU of -100 represents what?
What are the 3 examples of lytic destructive patterns?
Onion skin periosteal reaction is fast and even? True or False?
What is the HU for air?
What type of imaging evaluates bone using a T score and a Z score?
CT imaging may be used to evaluate for chest pathology? True or False?
What type of periosteal reaction is fast and uneven?
Which is more aggressive, solid or spiculated?
Which modality is very sensitive, but not specific?
Narrow zone of transition, benign or malignant?
One advantage of x-ray
CT uses x-rays? True or False?
HU for water?
Bone scan is used to evaluate bone density? True or False?
False, it is DEXA scan.
Myelography is the study of the spine and the spinal cord? True or False?