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Flashcards in Leftover from Midterm Material Deck (31)
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1

*INTERMEDIATE* to *LOW* level *DISINFECTANTS
-common in health care settings, labs and homes
disagreeable odor and possible side effects

phenol and phenolics

2

2 examples of phenol and phenolics

lysol
pine-sol
(or natural pine and clove oils)

3

INTERMEDIATE-level disinfectants
bactericidal, fungicidal and veridical against enveloped viruses
*more effective than soap from removing bacteria from hands
ex. RUBBING ALCOHOL

alcohol

4

idodine, chlorine, bromide, flouride
INTERMEDIATE-lebel antrimicrobial chemicals
*BLEACH
IODOPHORES (betadine)

halogens

5

degerming in prep for surgery... use of which microbial control

betadine (iodophor-- a HALOGEN)

6

HIGH-level disinfectants and antiseptics
ex. PEROXIDES, ozone, and peracetic acid (sterilize equipment)

oxidizing agents

7

*CYTOTOXIC* to healthy cells and granulating tissues (do NOT use for wound care)

hydrogen peroxide

8

disinfecting inanimate objects
becoming a "peroxide blonde"
removing blood stains from clothing
combine with baking soda and vinegar for cleaning

hydrogen peroxide

9

clean wounds with:

normal saline
commercial wound cleansers

10

SALINE is preferred cleanser for most wounds, because it is _________ and will ALWAYS be ______

physiologic
safe

11

contains surfactants which help lift bacteria and cellular debris out of wounds, *necrotic wounds*

commercial wound cleansers

12

soaps
detergents

surfactants

13

good DEGERMING agents, but NOT microbial

soaps

14

antibacterial soaps have ____ agents added to them

antrimicrobial

15

synthetic, positively charged organic surfactants
*LOW LEVEL* disinfectants
DISINFECT ADJUSTING tables

detergents

16

compound used for cleaning adjusting tables

QUATS (quaternary ammonium compounds)

17

steps for cleaning adjusting table

1 clean excess dirt
2 wipe surface
3 let surface air dry
4 use enough wipes for treated surface to remain visibly wet for 4 mins

18

low-level bacteriostatic and fungistatic agents

heavy metals

19

heavy metal used to prevent blindness caused by N. GONORRHOEAE
(replaced by less irritating antimicrobial oinment

silver nitrate

20

compounds contain CHO groups

aldehydes

21

aldehyde that disinfects, sterilizes, used in hospitals, labs, dental offices

glutaraldehyde

22

aldehyde that is used in embalming and disinfection of rooms and instruments

formalin (formaldehyde and water)

23

microbial and sporicial gases used in closed chambers to sterilize them

gaseous agents

24

gaseous agent used in hospital and dental offices

ethylene oxide

25

can be hazardous to people, often highly explosive, extremely poisonous, potentially carcinogenic

gaseous agents

26

enzymes that act against microorganisms

antimocrobial enzymes

27

enzyme used to reduce the # of bacteria in cheese

lysozyme

28

____ can remove prions on medial instruments

prionzyme (new development)

29

antibiotics, semi-syntheti and synthetic chemicals typically used for treatment of disease

antimicrobials

30

antimicrobial soaps should be reserved for:

handing food
care of newborns
high risk patients by health care workers