Flashcards in Legal Terms Deck (19):
Writ of Habeas Corpus
An order by a judge to have an accused person brought from prison to the court to determine if their detention was arbitrary.
Writ of Certiorari
The Supreme Court's acceptance of a case for reive rat the discretion of 4 justices.
Writ of Appeal
The Supreme Court's acceptance of a case for review as a matter of right, where the Court feels it has no choice.
Writ of Mandamus
An order issued by a court of superior jurisdiction, commanding performance of a particular act by an inferior court or public official.
A written court order directing a person to perform/refrain from performing a specific act.
A written legal notice requiring a person to appear in court/give testimony or produce documentary evidence.
Reasonable belief that a crime has been committed- the basis for all lawful searches.
Criminal offense that is less than a felony, and punishable by less than a year in prison.
A person or group engaged in a lawsuit.
The final determination/verdict by a court.
Written accusation of a grand jury charging a crime.
A serious criminal offense for which the minimum sentence is 1 year.
The constitutional guarantee that an accused person receives a fair/impartial trial.
Book containing entries of all proceedings in a court.
The body/material substance upon which a crime has been committed. (Ex.: murdered corpse, charred remains from arson, etc.)
A legal document prepared by an attorney which presents the law/facts supporting his client.
The process issued by the court (or, "from the bench") for the arrest of a person. (Also used to seize documents, etc.)
The hearing/settlement of a dispute between opposing parties by a 3rd party, whose decision the parties have agreed to accept.