Flashcards in Legislation Deck (32)
What is the legislation governing radiation protection?
The Ionising Radiations Regulations (revised) 2017
What should all practices have in regards to radiation protection?
Written local radiation rules and system of work which should be displayed in the designated x-ray room
What are the main principles associated with radiation protection?
Radiography should ONLY be undertaken if there is definite clinical justification for the use of the procedure.
Exposure of personnel should be kept to a minimum
Personal monitoring of staff involved with radiation to ensure dose limits are not exceeded
Describe the RPS (Radiation Protection Supervisor)
A listed Veterinary Nurse or Veterinary Surgeon employed in the Practice whose responsibility it is to ensure that radiography is carried out safely and in accordance with local rules and associated system of work.
Describe the RPA (Radiation protection Advisor)
A suitably qualified person holding a certificate of competence, NOT employed by the Practice responsible for periodically visiting the Practice and inspecting/giving advice regarding the aspects of radiation protection. They are usually medical physicists although holders of the Diploma in Veterinary Radiology who have undertaken appropriate further training can also act in this capacity.
How far should you stand from the primary beam?
The controlled area must be...
clearly labelled and red warning light displayed
What lights should an x-ray machine have?
When the machine is switched on and being supplied by electricity.
When exposure is taking place.
Who should a X-ray fault be reported to?
What are the two types of dosemeters?
Film badge (blue holder)
Thermoluminescent crystal (orange holder)
Who supplies dosemeters?
National Radiation Protection Board (NRPB)
How long should practices keep records of dosemeter print-outs?
Minimum 2 years
What protective clothing is available against radiation?
What equipment should be worn when handling processing chemicals?
How should waste processing chemicals be disposed of?
Placed into original container and collected by authorised person
When did the ionising radiation regulation 2017 come into effect?
1 January 2018
What governs radioactive isotopes?
Radioactive Substances Act 1993
Where can licences for the use of radioactive isotopes be obtained?
One for keeping and using and another for accumulation and disposal
Why is it important to have a health and safety policy?
protect work experience students
provide a safe working environment
protect clients and their animals
Name some regulations and acts which relates to health and safety
Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 (1999)
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) 2002)
Control of Pollution (Special Waste) Regulations 1988, Collection and Disposal of Waste Regulation 1992, Environmental Protections Act 1990
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR)
What does the Health and Safety Commission (HSC) do?
oversee and encourage health and safety
What is the role of Health and Safety Executives (HSE)?
enforcement body of the HSC.
What is the aim of H&S legislation?
prevent accidents and protect personnel from risks within the work place.
What are the employers responsibilities under the Health and Safety at Work Act?
written health and safety policies if more than 5 employees
supervision and training of inexperienced staff
safe working environment
What are the employee's responsibilities under the Health and Safety at Work Act?
ensure they work in a safe manner and also consider the safety of themselves and others
respect health and safety
co-operate with the employer
not interfere with anything provided for health and safety
keep appropriate vaccinations up to date
What is the role of risk assessments?
Identify the hazard
Identify the personnel at risk
Assess the risks
Implement control measures
Monitor and review
Maintain written records
Describe COSHH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health)
Introduced to manage and control the risks associated with hazardous substances
Includes all pharmaceutical products and chemicals
All employers and self employed persons must make assessments of all potential hazards and risks that could occur from such substances
All employers are required to provide adequate control measures to risk associated with these.
What are the three categories under RIDDOR (Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations)?
major or fatal accidents
‘three day’ accidents
dangerous occurrences and near misses
Name some H&S legislation which surrounds Veterinary Practice?
Control of Pollution (Special Waste) Regulations 1988
Collection and Disposal of Waste Regulation 1992
Environmental Protections Act 1990