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Flashcards in Lesions/strokes Deck (15)
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1

Corticobulbar tract

Dysarthria +/- facial palsy (aphonia, dysphagia)

2

Corticospinal tract

Paresis/plegia

3

Medial lemniscus

= dorsal column
Loss of position sense and vibration

4

Medial longitudinal fasciculus

Internuclear ophtalmoplegia

5

Lateral spinothalamic tract

Arm/trunk/leg numbness

6

Inferior cerebellar peduncle

Ataxia

7

Vestibular nuclei

Vertigo, nausea, vomiting

8

Sympathetic fibers

Horner syndrome

9

Nucleus ambiguus

Dysphagia, dysarthria, hoarse voice
(Gives fibers to CNIX and CNX)

10

Corticopontine tract

Ataxia, pathologic laughter

11

Paramedian pontine reticular formation

Horizontal gaze paresis

12

Spinothalamic tract

Loss of body pain, temperature sensation

13

Red nucleus

Choreoathetosis, coarse tremor

14

Corticoreticulospinal tract

= parapyramidal tract
Inhibitory on muscle tone, lesion => spasticity

15

Subthalamic nucleus

Contralateral hemiballismus