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Flashcards in Lesson 1 Deck (17)
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1

To or in another country (adv., 2 syn.)

Abroad
Overseas, internationally
(Louis Amstrong often traveled abroad - living abroad can be an educational experience)

2

Quick, without warning (adj./adv./n., 1 syn)

Abrupt / abruptly / abruptness
Sudden
(there was an abrupt change in the weather - after the incident everyone left abruptly)

3

Allowable or satisfactory (adj./v./adv./adj., 1 syn)

Acceptable / accept / acceptably / accepting
Permissible
(the idea was acceptable to everyone - the registrar accepted more applicants than he should have)

4

Enthusiastic approval, applause (n./adj./n., 1 syn)

Acclaim, acclaimed, acclamation
Praise
(Isaac Stern has won acclaim abroad - acclaimed authors often win Pulitzer Prizes)

5

Being in existence, real or factual (adv./adj., 1 syn)

Actually, actual
Truly
(they were actually very good soccer players - the actual time allotted to complete the test is two hours)

6

Displeasing, objectionable, or bad (adj./adv./n./n., 1 syn)

Adverse, adversely, adversity, adversary
Unfavorable
(adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play the game - his indecision adversely affected his job performance)

7

A recommendation given by someone associated with the problem or situation (n./v./adj./n., 1 syn)

Advice, advise, advisable, advisability
Suggestion
(good advice is hard to find - it is not advisable to stay up late the day before a test)

8

Calling attention to; pleasing; creating interest; pretty (adj./v./n./n./adv., 1 syn)

Attractive, attract, attraction, attractiveness, attractively
Appealing
(the idea of working four, ten-hour work days was attractive to the employees - the major attraction of the show was a speech by the president)

9

By itself; with no association (adj./adv., 1 syn)

Autonomous, autonomously
Independent
(Mexico became an autonomous state in 1817 - Although working closely with the government, all businesses function autonomously)

10

Always present, continual (adj./adv., 1 syn)

Chronic, chronically
Constant
(the author's chronic headache prevented her from finishing the chapter - he is chronically late to class)

11

The act of disagreeing; not giving approval (n./v./adv., 1 syn)

Disapproval, disapprove, disapprovingly
Objection
(their disapproval of the plan caused the experiment to be abandoned - the student disapproved of the plan of study)

12

Causing confusion and interruption (adj./v./n./adv., 1 syn)

Disruptive, disrupt, disruption, disruptively
Disturbing
(frequent questions during lectures can be disruptive - the storm caused a disruption in bus service)

13

Having no order or pattern; by chance (adv./adj./n., 2 syn)

Haphazardly, haphazard, haphazardness
Arbitrarily, carelessly
(it was obvious that the house was built haphazardly - Susan completed the assignment in a haphazard way)

14

Continuous; refusing to give up; firm in action or decision (adj./v./n./adv., 1 syn)

Persistent, persist, persistence, persistently
Constant
(the attorney's persistent questioning weakened the witness - her persistence earned her a spot on the team)

15

To change to a later time; to delay (v./adj./n., 1 syn)

Postpone, postponable, postponement
Reschedule
(the referees decided to postpone the soccer match - the postponement of the meeting upset the impatient club members)

16

Producing a desired result based on truths or facts (adj./n./adv., 1 syn)

Valid, validity, validly
Convincing
(the students had a valid reason for missing class - the professor questioned the validity of the test results)

17

To remove, take out, or take back (v./n., 1 syn)

Withdraw, withdrawal
Extract
(the prayer withdrew from the competition - Gloria had to make a withdrawal from her savings to pay tuition)