Lesson 1: History And Pioneers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 1: History And Pioneers Deck (29):
1

What civilization is the first of which we have extensive medical knowledge

Egypt

2

What is the name of German/Swiss Renaissance botanist, alchemist and physician who is credited for giving zinc it's name?

Paracelsus

3

Who is known as the father of western medicine, where was he born and at what time was he alive?

Hippocrates born on the Greek island Kos in 470 BC

4

Who is known as the Graeco-roman authority in medical matters?

Galen

5

What in terms of dynamic nature did Galen view most drugs as being?

Hot, cold, moist, dry or temperate

6

When was the Alexandrian school built? And who was it named after?

After 331BC, Alexander the Great

7

What observations was the Alexandrian school built on

Contemporary writers, Egyptian knowledge and the practices from many different sources.

8

What is the name of the Greek physician (First century AD) that is considered the first real medical botanist and what is his most famous work?

Dioscorides and his work was named De Materia Medica

9

What are some of the herbs dioscrorides mentions in his work De Materia Medica?

Aniseed, chamomile, cinnamon, dill, ginger, sweet marjoram, pepper and thyme.

10

Who is considered the founding father of Chinese medicine and when is he thought to have lived?

The yellow emperor, thought to have lived 2500 BC

11

What is the classic text that bears the name of the yellow emperor and when was it thought to be written?

'Yellow emperor's canon of internal medicine' and thought to have been written 1000 BC

12

What is the framework of Ancient Chinese Medicine based around?

Yin and yang and the 5 elements.
Note: Yin and yang have opposing qualities but balance each other in a harmonious state.

13

What are the 5 elements recognized by Ancient Chinese Medicine?

Fire, earth, metal, water and wood.

14

What are the 5 elements of Chinese medicine and their respective taste attributes

Fire - bitter
Earth - sweet
Metal - pungent
Water - salty
Wood - sour

15

When did modern Chinese medicine begin to represent a real alternative to ancient Chinese medicine?

19th century

16

What does Ayurveda mean?

Knowledge of life

17

Ayurvedic medicine is the traditional form of medicine in what country,

India.

18

What do Ayruvedic Medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ancient Greek Medicine all have in common?

They all view the individual with the cosmos.

19

What are the 5 elements recognized in the Ayurvedic Tradition (Indian)?

Earth, water, fire, air and ether (a nebulous nothingness)

20

What are the 3 Doshas and what are their components?

Vata dosha - made up of ether and air.
Pitta dosha - fire and water.
Kapha dosha - water and earth.

21

What is the 6th taste recognized by Ayurvedic medicine that is not recognized by ancient Chinese medicine?

Astringent

22

What is the name of the healers who spirit travel to rescue particular souls?

North American Indian healers

23

What is the work of Samuel Thomson and what other pioneer's work does this concept also apply to?

Vis medicatrix naturae
Hippocrates

24

What time frame did Samuel Thomson live and what country?

Late 1700's and early 1800's in America.

25

What herb does Samuel Thomson list as being a life promoter?

Cayenne

26

According to Ayurvedic Traditional Medicine what are the three primal forces of life?

Prana - Breath of life
Agni - Spirit of life or fire
Soma - Harmony, cohesiveness and love

27

Galen performed experiments to show that urine is formed in the ...?

Kidney

28

A research agenda based on 8 observations to determine the potential for a remedy was developed by who?

Galen

29

What are examples of flowering plants are still used today from 60000 years ago?

Marshmallow (Althaea) and Yarrow (Achillea)