Lesson 11-14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 11-14 Deck (28):
1

A legislative assembly that meets to debate issues

Deliberative body

2

The group of presidential electors who cast the official votes for president and Vice President after a presidential election. Each state has a number of electors equal to the total of its members in the senate and the house

Electoral college

3

Those rights and responsibilities of the us government specifically provided for and listed in the us constitution

Enumerated powers

4

Article 1 section 8 Clause 18 of the constitution that gives congress the power to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers specifically delegated to it by the constitution. Also known as the elastic clause

Necessary and proper Clause

5

The division of the powers of government among the different branches.

Separated powers

6

Legislative powers not completely separated between the branches of government

Shared powers

7

Congress will be a ______

Deliberative body

8

What should be considered before figuring out the best ways to establish an executive strong enough to check the power of the legislature but not so powerful that it would endanger the republican government

1. Should there be more than one chief executive?
2. How long should they remain in office?
3. Should they be eligible for reelection?

9

An act of the legislature that inflicts punishment on an individual or group without a judicial trial

Bill of attainder

10

A law that criminalizes an act that was not a crime when committed that increases the penalty for a crime after it was committed or that changes the rules of evidence to make conviction easier

Ex post facto

11

Formal withdrawal by a constituent member from an alliance, federation or association

Secede

12

Article VI section 2 of the constitution which states which states that the us constitution, laws passed by congress and treaties of the US "shall be supreme law of the land" and binding on the states

Supremacy clause

13

A tax on imported or exported goods

Tariff

14

What limits did the delegates place on state governments? They prohibit states from

- coining their own money
- passing laws to enable people to violate contracts such as those between creditors and debtors
- making ex post facto laws or bills of attainder
- entering into treaties with foreign nations or declaring war
- granting titles of nobility
And 4 more

15

What limits did the delegates place on the national government? They prohibit them from

- may not suspend the writ of hapeas corpus "unless when in cases of rebellion or inaction the public safety may require it
- may not psd ex post facto laws or bills of attainder
- may not suspend the right by trial by jury in criminal cases
- the constitution offers protection from the accusation of treason by defining this crime specifically and narrowly

16

These limitations protect the political independence and other rights of public officials:

- members of congress cannot be arrested "during attendance at the session of their respective houses" unless they commit treason felony or breach of peace
- congress cannot impose a religious test on people who hold national office
- if members of the executive or judicial branches are accused of misconduct in office then the impeachment clauses protect their rights to a fair trial
- the nat. gov. cannot take money from the treasury without an appropriation law, nor can it grant titles of nobility

17

They did not address these three issues in the constitution

Slavery, citizenship and voting rights

18

John C Calhoun wanted the _____

State to be able to disregard federal law

19

The constitution barely suggests where

National power ends and state power begins

20

Opponents to the ratification of the US constitution who believed that it gave excessive power to the federal government and failed to protect the rights and liberties of the people

Anti federalist

21

The first ten amendments to the constitution that lists many basic rights that the federal government may not interfere with

Bill of rights

22

Formal approval of some formal legal instrument such as a constitution or treaty

Ratification

23

Mason, Luther Martin, Robert Yates and Elbridge Gerry are all

Anti federalists

24

A small group within a larger group

Faction

25

Advocates for a strong central government who urged ratification of the US government

Federalists

26

A series of articles written for newspapers in 1787-88 by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay urging the adoption of the constitution and supporting the need for a strong central government

The Federalists

27

A situation in which a majority uses the principle of majority rule but fails to respect the rights and interests of the minority

Majority tyranny

28

James Madison's term in The Federalist for a study of politics utilizing reason, observation and history that would help the founders construct a new government on a rational and informed basis

"New science of politics"