The subject is ___.
who or what the sentence is about
The three tenses that make up the present system are ___.
present, imperfect, future
The perfect tense describes what kind of action?
a one-time action completed in the past
The pluperfect tense endings are identical to ___.
the imperfect tense of sum
The tenses of the perfect system are ___ and they are built on the ___.
perfect, pluperfect, future perfect; perfect stem
How many Latin tenses are there? Name them.
six; present, imperfect, future, perfect, pluperfect, future perfect
What English helping verbs translate the future perfect tense?
In Latin and English, hard c has the sound of ..
What is the name of the 2nd principal part?
Always in Latin and usually in English, c, g, and sc are hard before
a, o, u, consonants
What English helping verb translates the Latin future tenses?
How do you find the present stem?
Drop -re from the infinitive
Soft c has the sound of ___ in English and ___ in Latin.
What English helping verbs translate the imperfect tense?
Give the names for the three forms of the English present tense.
simple present, progressive present, emphatic present
The first person is the person ___. The second person is the person ___. The third person is the person ___.
speaking; spoken to; spoken about
Verb families are called ___.
What is the Sentence Pattern #2?
subject + verb + direct object
The future perfect tense describes ___.
an action in the future completed prior to another action in the future
The imperfect tense sign is ___.
How many conjugations are there? Name them.
four; first, second, third, fourth
The English infinitive is written with the particle ___ before the verb.
Give the two grammar numbers.
The two basic parts of a sentence are ___.
subject and predicate
The to be verb shows ___, not ___.
What is the first complement in this text?
the complementary infinitive
In Latin imperfect means ___.
Something that completes the action of the verb is a ___.
The imperfect tense is used to describe an ___ or ___ action.
ongoing, repeated, habitual; interrupted
The predicate tells ___
what the subject is or does
The perfect tense is built on the ___ stem.
Give the regular endings for the principal parts of 1st-conjugation verbs.
-o -are -avi -atus
In Latin, gn is pronounced like ___. Give two examples.
/ny/; pugno (I fight), magnus (large)
The future perfect tense is built on the ___ stem.
What is the Sentence Pattern #1?
subject + verb
The accent is on the ___ unless the ___ is marked.
The infinitive ending for all 1st- conjugation verbs is ___.
Give the six attributes of a Latin verb.
conjugation, person, number, tense, voice, mood
What are the principal parts? How many are there?
The forms that provide the stems needed to conjugate a verb in all its tenses. There are usually four principal parts.
Give the five vowel letters and their long sounds in Latin.
a - /ah/; e - /ā/; i - /ē/; o - /oh/; u - /ōō/ (food)
The pluperfect tense describes what kind of action?
a past action completed prior to another past action
How do you find hte perfect stem?
Drop -i from the 3rd principal part.
Give the English forms of the to be verb.
am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
In English I praise is the ___ present, I am praising is the ___ present, and I do praise is the ___ present.
simple; progressive; emphatic
The stem vowel of the 1st conjugation is __.
Give two Latin words that have the long sound of the five vowels.
The pluperfect tense is built on the ___ stem.
What English helping verbs translate the perfect tense?
have, has, did
Give three translations for vocavi.
I called, I have called, I did call
The present system is built on the ___.
In Latin grammar, perfect means ___.
The future perfect tense endings are identical to ___ except for the ___.
the future tense of sum; 3rd person plural
Give the three grammar persons.
first person, second person, third person
What English helping verb translates the pluperfect tense?
Always in Latin and usually in English, c, g, and sc are soft before
e, i, ae, oe
Give the names, from left to right, of the last three syllables of a Latin word.
antepenult; penult; ultima