Lesson 12 Grammar Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 12 Grammar Review Deck (56):
1

The subject is ___.

who or what the sentence is about

2

The three tenses that make up the present system are ___.

present, imperfect, future

3

The perfect tense describes what kind of action?

a one-time action completed in the past

4

The pluperfect tense endings are identical to ___.

the imperfect tense of sum

5

The tenses of the perfect system are ___ and they are built on the ___.

perfect, pluperfect, future perfect; perfect stem

6

How many Latin tenses are there? Name them.

six; present, imperfect, future, perfect, pluperfect, future perfect

7

What English helping verbs translate the future perfect tense?

will have

8

In Latin and English, hard c has the sound of ..

/k/

9

What is the name of the 2nd principal part?

infinitive

10

Always in Latin and usually in English, c, g, and sc are hard before

a, o, u, consonants

11

What English helping verb translates the Latin future tenses?

will

12

How do you find the present stem?

Drop -re from the infinitive

13

Soft c has the sound of ___ in English and ___ in Latin.

/s/; /ch/

14

What English helping verbs translate the imperfect tense?

were, was

15

Give the names for the three forms of the English present tense.

simple present, progressive present, emphatic present

16

The first person is the person ___. The second person is the person ___. The third person is the person ___.

speaking; spoken to; spoken about

17

Verb families are called ___.

Conjugations

18

What is the Sentence Pattern #2?

subject + verb + direct object

19

The future perfect tense describes ___.

an action in the future completed prior to another action in the future

20

The imperfect tense sign is ___.

ba

21

How many conjugations are there? Name them.

four; first, second, third, fourth

22

The English infinitive is written with the particle ___ before the verb.

to

23

Give the two grammar numbers.

singular, plural

24

The two basic parts of a sentence are ___. 

subject and predicate

25

The to be verb shows ___, not ___.

existence; action

26

What is the first complement in this text?

the complementary infinitive

27

In Latin imperfect means ___.

not finished

28

Something that completes the action of the verb is a ___.

complement

29

The imperfect tense is used to describe an ___ or ___ action.

ongoing, repeated, habitual; interrupted

30

The predicate tells ___

what the subject is or does

31

The perfect tense is built on the ___ stem.

perfect

32

Give the regular endings for the principal parts of 1st-conjugation verbs.

-o -are -avi -atus

33

In Latin, gn is pronounced like ___. Give two examples.

/ny/; pugno (I fight), magnus (large)

34

The future perfect tense is built on the ___ stem.

perfect

35

What is the Sentence Pattern #1?

subject + verb

36

The accent is on the ___ unless the ___ is marked.

penult; antepenult

37

The infinitive ending for all 1st- conjugation verbs is ___.

-are

38

Give the six attributes of a Latin verb.

conjugation, person, number, tense, voice, mood

39

What are the principal parts? How many are there?

The forms that provide the stems needed to conjugate a verb in all its tenses. There are usually four principal parts.

40

Give the five vowel letters and their long sounds in Latin.

a - /ah/; e - /ā/; i - /ē/; o - /oh/; u - /ōō/ (food)

41

The pluperfect tense describes what kind of action?

a past action completed prior to another past action

42

How do you find hte perfect stem?

Drop -i from the 3rd principal part.

43

Give the English forms of the to be verb.

am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been

44

In English I praise is the ___ present, I am praising is the ___ present, and I do praise is the ___ present.

simple; progressive; emphatic

45

The stem vowel of the 1st conjugation is __.

a

46

Give two Latin words that have the long sound of the five vowels.

glória Jesus

47

The pluperfect tense is built on the ___ stem.

perfect

48

What English helping verbs translate the perfect tense?

have, has, did

49

Give three translations for vocavi.

I called, I have called, I did call

50

The present system is built on the ___.

present stem

51

In Latin grammar, perfect means ___.

finished

52

The future perfect tense endings are identical to ___ except for the ___.

the future tense of sum; 3rd person plural

53

Give the three grammar persons.

first person, second person, third person

54

What English helping verb translates the pluperfect tense?

had

55

Always in Latin and usually in English, c, g, and sc are soft before

e, i, ae, oe

56

Give the names, from left to right, of the last three syllables of a Latin word.

antepenult; penult; ultima

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