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Flashcards in Lesson 2 Deck (81):
1

What are the three types of infinitive verb endings in Spanish?

  • -ar as in hablar (to speak)
  • -er as in comer (to eat)
  • -ir as in vivir (to live)

2

She is a student

Ella es una alumna

pupil, student - el alumno, la alumna. Remember that we can also say estudiante

3

He is a student of Señora Ramos

Él es un estudiante de la Señora Ramos

of, from - de

4

We are from the United States

Somos de los Estados Unidos

the United States - Los Estados Unidos (often abbreviated as los EEUU)

5

He is Xavier's friend

Él es (un) amigo de Xavier

friend - el amigo, la amiga

6

She studies

Ella estudia

he/she studies - estudia

7

He studies a lot

Él estudia mucho

a lot - mucho

8

I study a lot

Yo estudio mucho

I study - estudio

9

You (ud) do not study a lot

Usted no estudia mucho

do not - no. Note that verbs are negated by simply adding the word no in front of them.

10

You do not study

no estudias

you study - tú estudias

11

All the girls study

Todas las niñas estudian

all - todos

12

The girl studies every day

La niña estudia todos los días

every day - todos los días

13

We do not study every day

Nosotros no estudiamos todos los días

we study - estudiamos

14

You (vosotros) study a lot

Vosotros estudiáis mucho

you (vosotros) study - estudiáis

14

They do not study

Ellos no estudian

they study - estudian

14

TO STUDY

  • I study
  • You study
  • He/She studies
  • We study
  • You all study
  • They study

ESTUDIAR

  • Yo estudio
  • Tú estudias
  • Él/Ella/Ud estudia
  • Nosotros estudiamos
  • Vosotros estudiáis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds estudian

14

What are the endings of regular -ar verbs (such as estudiar) conjugated in the present tense?

Regular Present Tense -ar endings

  • -o (yo)
  • -as (tú)
  • -a (él)
  • -amos (nosotros)
  • -áis (vosotros)
  • -an (ellos)

Simply strip the -ar ending off of any regular infinitive, and apply the endings above

14

I need an interesting book

Necesito un libro interesante

to need - necesitar.  Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

14

We walk every day

Nosotros caminamos todos los días

to walk - caminar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

15

Do you speak Spanish too?

¿Hablas español también?

too, also - también

16

The woman buys eleven books

La mujer compra once libros

to buy - comprar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar 

17

She studies mathematics

Ella estudia matemáticas

mathematics, math - las matemáticas, la mate. When talking about a general subject, you do not use an article before the subject. When talking about a specific subject you do (i.e. I study the history of Spain->Estudio la historia de España)

18

The teacher teaches math

El maestro enseña matemáticas

to teach - enseñar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar 

19

Señor Ramos teaches the lesson

El Señor (Sr.) Ramos enseña la lección

lesson - la lección. Note that señor is usually abbreviated Sr.

20

for

por, para

for - por, para. Note that por and para are not interchangeable and have several uses that can mean different things in English.

21

Is the book for me?

¿Es el libro para ?

me - . The word is used with certain prepositions such as para and a.  The simpler direct object pronoun me will be discussed in more detail later

22

The letter is not for you

La carta no es para ti

you - ti. The word ti is used in the predicate of the sentence rather than . The simpler direct object te (which we have already seen in cases like ¿Cómo te llamas?) will be discussed in more detail later

23

I study with the teacher (fem)

Yo estudio con la maestra

with - con

24

They walk with me

Ellos caminan conmigo

with me - conmigo. Note that you cannot say *con mí*

25

She needs to study with you

Ella necesita estudiar contigo

with you - contigo. Note that you cannot say *con ti*

26

I do not speak Spanish

No hablo español

to speak, to talk - hablar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar 

27

We talk to the teacher

Hablamos con el maestro

to talk to - hablar con. Note that the preposition con ("with") must be used to mean "talk to"

28

You (uds) talk about Señora Ramos

Ustedes hablan de la Señora Ramos

to talk about - hablar de. Note that the proposition de must be used to indicate "talk about"

29

I speak English

Hablo inglés

English - inglés

30

I ask in English

Yo pregunto en inglés

to ask (a question) - preguntar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar 

31

You work everyday

trabajas todos los días

to work - trabajar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar 

32

I walk every day to work

Camino todos los días al trabajo

work - el trabajo. Note that al is a contraction of a and el

33

They drink water

Ellos toman agua

to take, to drink - tomar. Note that tomar can mean both "to take" and "to drink". The verb beber can also be used to mean "to drink," but it is less commonly used than tomar

34

I try to study

Trato de estudiar

to try to - tratar de. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar.  Note that tratar without the preposition de means "to treat" (e.g. "I treat my friend badly" - Trato mal a mi amigo)

35

Do you trust the teacher (feminine)?

¿Confías en la maestra?

to trust - confiar en. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

36

She eats

Ella come

he/she eats - come

37

We do not eat a lot

Nosotros no comemos mucho

we eat - comemos

38

When do we eat today?

¿Cuándo comemos hoy?

today - hoy

39

He eats lots of food

Él come mucha comida

food - la comida

40

I do not eat today

Yo no como hoy

I eat - yo como. Note the difference between the word como (I eat) and cómo (how)

41

Carolina walks quickly

Carolina camina rápidamente

fast, quick - rápido

42

We (fem) do not eat quickly

Nosotras no comemos rápidamente

quickly - rápidamente. Note that most adverbs in Spanish end in -mente, the equivalent of the English "-ly". However, it is acceptable to just use rápido as an adverb

43

You eat quickly

Tú comes rápidamente

you eat - comes

44

They eat a lot

Ellos comen mucho

they eat - comen

44

TO EAT

  • I eat
  • You eat
  • He/She eats
  • We eat
  • You all eat
  • They eat

COMER

  • Yo como
  • Tú comes
  • Él/Ella/Ud come
  • Nosotros comemos
  • Vosotros coméis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds comen

 

 

44

What are the endings of regular -er verbs (such as comer) conjugated in the present tense?

Regular Present Tense -er endings

  • -o (yo)
  • -es (tú)
  • -e (él)
  • -emos (nosotros)
  • -éis (vosotros)
  • -en (ellos)

Simply drop the -er ending from the infinitive, and add the appropriate ending from above

45

I learn a lot at school

Yo aprendo mucho en escuela

to learn - aprender. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer

45

We run fast

Nosotros corremos rápido

to run - correr.  Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer.

45

She sells books

Ella vende libros

to sell - vender. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer

46

Juan is the boy that runs fast

Juan es el niño que corre rápido

that - que

46

They (men) think that they (women) are pretty

Ellos creen que ellas son bonitas

to think/believe - creer. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer

47

Seeing is believing

Ver es creer

to see - ver.  Note that the English gerund (ending in -ing) usually corresponds to the Spanish infinitive.

47

You read (present) today

lees hoy

to read - leer. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer

48

We must speak with you (ud)

Debemos hablar con usted

must - deber. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer

48

Jorge opens the book

Jorge abre el libro

he/she opens - abre

49

You (vosotros) eat today

Vosotros coméis hoy

you (vosotros) eat - coméis

49

She opens the door

Ella abre la puerta

door - la puerta

50

We open the door quickly

Nosotros abrimos la puerta rápidamente

we open - abrimos

51

Marcos drinks a bottle of beer

Marcos toma una botella de cerveza

bottle - la botella

52

The room is big

El cuarto es grande

room - el cuarto

53

He opens the door of the room

Él abre la puerta del cuarto

of the - del, de la.  Note that de + el is condensed into the contraction del

54

He never studies

Él nunca estudia

never - nunca. The word nunca goes directly before the conjugated verb, just like in the English "never"

55

I always eat with them

Siempre como con ellos

always - siempre

56

Who sells books?

¿Quién vende libros?

Who - Quién. Note that verbs after quien are always conjugated in the third-person (same as él or ella)

57

They never open the book

Ellos nunca abren el libro

they open - abren

58

You (uds) open the library door

Ustedes abren la puerta de la biblioteca

library - la biblioteca

59

I never open the door

Yo nunca abro la puerta

I open - abro

60

You open the big door

Tú abres la puerta grande

you open - abres

61

TO OPEN

  • I open
  • You open
  • He/She opens
  • We open
  • You all open
  • They open

ABRIR

  • Yo abro
  • Tú abres
  • Él/Ella/Ud abre
  • Nosotros abrimos
  • Vosotros abrís
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds abren

 

 

62

What are the endings of regular -ir verbs (such as abrir) conjugated in the present tense?

Regular Present Tense -ir endings

  • -o (yo)
  • -es (tú)
  • -e (él)
  • -imos (nosotros)
  • -ís (vosotros)
  • -en (ellos)

 

63

We write every day

Nosotros escribimos todos los días

to write - escribir. Follows the same conjugation pattern as abrir

63

They live in a big house

Ellos viven en una casa grande

to live - vivir.  Follows the same conjugation pattern as abrir.  Note that here, en means "in"

64

to study

estudiar

to study - estudiarEstudiar is a regular -ar ending verb 

64

to eat

comer

to eat - comerComer is a regular -er ending verb

65

to open

abrir

to open - abrirAbrir is a regular -ir ending verb, which can be used as a model verb for all regular -ir ending verbs

72

You (vosotros) do not open the mathematics books

Vosotros no abrís los libros de matemáticas

you (vosotros) open - abrís