Lesson 2: Bottany And Herbal Medicines Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 2: Bottany And Herbal Medicines Deck (19):
1

What are the 7 major categories that determine assignment of accepted criteria of plants and animals in the method of taxonomy?

Kingdom, division/phylum, class, order, family, genus and species.

2

What are the 5 kingdoms with respect to the tap taxonomic hierarchy?

Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia

3

What is the method used to name and classify plants and other organisms?

Taxonomy

4

What is the name of the non-vascular division of the Plantae Kingdom?

Bryophytae

5

Psilophytes, lycophytes, sphenophytes and pterophytes are the same in what two ways?

They are seedless, vascular plants.

6

What two qualities do the following divisions of the Plantae kingdom share:
Coniferophytes, cycadophytes, ginkgophytes and gnetophytes.

They are seed-producing vascular plants.

7

What is the most dominant of the plant devisions?

Anthophytae

8

Anthophytes are also known as..?

Angiosperms

9

Anthophytes or angiosperms are known as..?

Flowering plants

10

What are the two classes that the Anthophytae division is broken into?

Monocots and dicots

11

What is the name of the study that refers to the shape, size and structure of organisms?

Morphology

12

With respect to taxonomy what constitutes an 'Order'?

One or more 'families' that share similar characteristics.

13

Groups of plants based on similarities at the organism, cellular and molecular levels are known as what?

Families

14

A subdivision of a family that is determined by morphological and genetic similarities is know as the?

Genus

15

A recognizable and self perpetuating population that is more or less isolated genetically as well as by its geographical distribution and environment is known as what?

A species.

16

What is the name of the code that controls the naming of plants?

International code of botanical nomenclature

17

What is the system used for naming plants?

Binomial System

18

Who devised the binomial system?

Carolus Linnaeus

19

What are the first and second parts of the binomial naming system?

1st part - generic name
2nd part - specific epithet (species name)