Flashcards in Lesson 2/ Geography of Ancient Mesopotamia Deck (17):
What is an important detail about "The Epic of Gilgamesh?"
Gilgamesh went on a quest to become immortal and failed. It is the first story ever written.
a high, flat area of land
low, flat land formed from fine soils deposited by rivers
branches of a river
a rich mixture of bits of rocks and soil
a long time with little or no rain
the use of connected ditches, canals, dams and dikes used to move water to dry areas
The Fertile Crescent is now occupied by what 7 present day countries? (hint I jilts I)
What 4 challenges faced the early settlers in ancient Mesopotamia
unpredictable rivers that flooded
few natural resources
What made settlement possible in Mesopotamia
It had water and land- on which food could grow
Describe the location of Mesopotamia
Mediterranean Sea borders on the west
Persian Gulf is on the southeast
The Zagros Mountains are in the east
It lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
The Taurus mountains are on the northwest
What caused the people of Mesopotamia to develop a system of irrigation
The people of Mesopotamia needed to develop a system of irrigation to protect their villages, because it hardly rained between the rivers. It also helped farmers to prevent flooding and be able to store water.
What did farmers develop to get the water from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers at just the right time?
what were 2 advantages of irrigation?
1. It allowed water from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to be stored and used when needed.
2. It helped farmers prevent flooding and protect their crops and plants
What 3 main crops were grown in ancient Mesopotamia?
wheat, barley and emmer