Lesson 2/ Geography of Ancient Mesopotamia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 2/ Geography of Ancient Mesopotamia Deck (17):
1

What is an important detail about "The Epic of Gilgamesh?"

Gilgamesh went on a quest to become immortal and failed. It is the first story ever written.

2

urban

city

3

plateau

a high, flat area of land

4

alluvial plain

low, flat land formed from fine soils deposited by rivers

5

tributary

branches of a river

6

silt

a rich mixture of bits of rocks and soil

7

drought

a long time with little or no rain

8

irrigation

the use of connected ditches, canals, dams and dikes used to move water to dry areas

9

The Fertile Crescent is now occupied by what 7 present day countries? (hint I jilts I)

I Iran
J Jordan
I Iran
L Lebanon
T Turkey
S Syria
I Israel

10

What 4 challenges faced the early settlers in ancient Mesopotamia

dry soil
hot climate
unpredictable rivers that flooded
few natural resources

11

What made settlement possible in Mesopotamia

It had water and land- on which food could grow

12

Describe the location of Mesopotamia

Mediterranean Sea borders on the west
Persian Gulf is on the southeast
The Zagros Mountains are in the east
It lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
The Taurus mountains are on the northwest

13

What caused the people of Mesopotamia to develop a system of irrigation

The people of Mesopotamia needed to develop a system of irrigation to protect their villages, because it hardly rained between the rivers. It also helped farmers to prevent flooding and be able to store water.

14

What did farmers develop to get the water from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers at just the right time?

threshing

15

what were 2 advantages of irrigation?

1. It allowed water from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to be stored and used when needed.
2. It helped farmers prevent flooding and protect their crops and plants

16

What 3 main crops were grown in ancient Mesopotamia?

wheat, barley and emmer

17

What does Mesopotamia mean?

"In between rivers"