Flashcards in Lesson 3 Deck (28):
What does "lysis" mean?
What happens during dehydration synthesis?
Bonds are created by removing water
What happens during hydrolysis?
Bonds are broken by adding water
What does it mean for a molecule to be organic?
It contains carbon atoms
What does two glucose molecules make?
made up of two molecules
In what form are sugars usually stored?
Why do carbohydrates have to be broken down into glucose by the body?
Mitochondria need glucose to produce energy for the body
Sucrose is made of what?
Glucose and fructose
What is a monosaccharide?
A single molecule of sugar, EX: glucose
How do monosaccharides combine to form polysaccharides?
By removing water (aka dehydration synthesis)
How is glucose different from glycogen?
Glucose is used first for quick energy, but glycogen is stored for when all the quick energy is used up
What two molecules combine to form molecules of fat?
glycerol and fatty acids
How are fats stored in the body?
Which fats are the best for your health?
When are lipids (fat molecules) broken down into smaller molecules by your body?
During digestion and after you've used all of your quick energy
What process breaks up proteins so they can be used by the body?
What makes up proteins?
Function of vascular tissues in the plant?
Transport chemicals and water throughout the plant
What is produced through light reactions?
Oxygen, ATP, & NADPH
What organelle does photosynthesis occur in?
What are the three steps of cellular respiration?
glycosides, the Krebs cycle, electron transport chain
Purpose of cellular respiration?
to create energy from glucose
Where does glycolysis take place?
In the cytoplasm
Where do the Krebs cycle and electron transport chain occur?
How many ATP molecules are produced for every glucose molecule during cellular respiration?
What does it mean to be 'anaerobic'?