Lesson 4 Grammar Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 4 Grammar Review Deck (28):
1

Give the five vowel letters and their long sounds in Latin.

a - /ah/; e - /ā/; i - /ē/; o - /oh/; u - /ōō/ (food)

2

Give two Latin words that have the long sound of the five vowels.

glória Jesus

3

Always in Latin and usually in English, c, g, and sc are soft before

e, i, ae, oe

4

Always in Latin and usually in English, c, g, and sc are hard before

a, o, u, consonants

5

In Latin and English, hard c has the sound of ..

/k/

6

Soft c has the sound of ___ in English and ___ in Latin.

/s/; /ch/

7

In Latin, gn is pronounced like ___. Give two examples.

/ny/; pugno (I fight), magnus (large)

8

Give the names, from left to right, of the last three syllables of a Latin word.

antepenult; penult; ultima

9

The accent is on the ___ unless the ___ is marked.

penult; antepenult

10

Verb families are called ___.

Conjugations

11

How many conjugations are there? Name them.

four; first, second, third, fourth

12

Give the six attributes of a Latin verb.

conjugation, person, number, tense, voice, mood

13

Give the three grammar persons.

first person, second person, third person

14

The first person is the person ___. The second person is the person ___. The third person is the person ___.

speaking; spoken to; spoken about

15

Give the two grammar numbers.

singular, plural

16

How many Latin tenses are there? Name them.

six; present, imperfect, future, perfect, pluperfect, future perfect

17

The stem vowel of the 1st conjugation is __.

a

18

Give the names for the three forms of the English present tense.

simple present, progressive present, emphatic present

19

In English I praise is the ___ present, I am praising is the ___ present, and I do praise is the ___ present.

simple; progressive; emphatic

20

In Latin imperfect means ___.

not finished

21

The imperfect tense sign is ___.

ba

22

The imperfect tense is used to describe an ___ or ___ action.

ongoing, repeated, habitual; interrupted

23

What English helping verbs translate the imperfect tense?

were, was

24

The two basic parts of a sentence are ___. 

subject and predicate

25

The subject is ___.

who or what the sentence is about

26

The predicate tells ___

what the subject is or does

27

What is the Sentence Pattern #1?

subject + verb

28

What English helping verb translates the Latin future tenses?

will

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