Lesson 4: Validating Herbs And Safety Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 4: Validating Herbs And Safety Deck (22):
1

What document is known as the classic principle of the healing power of life?

Vis medicatrix naturae

2

With regards to herbal medicine research in what ways are herbs photochemically complex?

They contain a range of constituents that most likely behave differently in isolation than they do in combination with other active components.
Note* obtaining ethical clearance (a necessary part of research) for major clinical studies can be difficult because of the potential variations.

3

He photochemical profile of an herb can vary depending on growing, harvesting and manufacturing conditions. This can lead to what type of results in clinical trials?

Inconsistent.

4

What is the name of an investigation done to determine the presence of a substance and/or biological or pharmacological potency?

Assay

5

What non invasive assay technique allows monitoring of the alteration of blood supply to organs and tissues with the use of circulatory stimulant herbs?

Thermal imaging

6

What type of studies assess the overall affect of a medicine and consider whole bodily systems rather than isolated variables?

Observational studies

7

What is pharmacokinetics?

The branch of pharmacology concerned with the movement of drugs within the body.

8

Pharmacokinetics can be thought of as the influence the body has on the drug. In contrast to pharmacokinetics, what is he name of the branch of pharmacology that assesses the influence the drug has on the body?

Pharmacodynamics

9

When an individual's expectations of the influence of a medicine results in a change regardless of taking an active ingredient or not is know as the?

Placebo effect

10

Datura and Cicuta are?

Poisonous plants

11

Deadly nightshade, borage, cannabis, foxglove, ephedra Ma huang, Indian tobacco, comfrey and coltsfoot are regulated by the TGA in what way?

Internal use is not allowed

12

What herb contains psychoactive compound THC?

Cannabis

13

What herb contains alkaloid ephedrine and ha sheen associated with weight loss products?

Ephedra

14

What herb contains alkaloids that induce vomiting?

Lobelia

15

What alkaloid acts in a similar way to nicotine?

Lobeline

16

What plant family may cause a phototoxic reaction (dermatitis)?

Umbelliferae

17

Herbs that contain resins or sesquiterpene lactones (SL's) are most likely to cause ..?

Allergic reactions

18

What plant family are SL's most abundant in?

The asteraceae (composite) family

19

Although rare, Echinacea and chamomile can cause anaphylactic reactions. What plant family are these herbs from?

Asteraceae family

20

What group of herbs is sometimes referred to as abortifacients and should be restricted during pregnancy?

Emmenagogues

21

Constituents such as alkaloid principles, volatile constituents and the anthraquinone laxatives require caution during..?

Pregnancy and lactation

22

Defining all factors which determine the influence of the medicinal substance on a disease is the aim of..?

The functional assay