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Flashcards in Lesson 5 Deck (46):
1

Where are you?

¿(En) Dónde estás?

Where are you? - ¿(En) Dónde estás?

2

Where are you going with a suitcase?

¿Adónde vas con una maleta?

(to) where? - ¿adónde?  Note that adónde literally means "to where" and must be used whenever you pair dónde with a direction or destination

3

I am here

Estoy aquí

here - aquí

4

Juan and I are on the street

Juan y yo estamos en la calle

street - la calle

5

Adriana and Jimena are over here

Adriana y Jimena están acá

over here - acá. The distinction between aquí and acá varies by region. In some countries the words are used interchangeably

6

We are in Mexico

Estamos en México

Mexico - México

7

Are they in Spain?

¿Están en España?

Spain - España

8

The math books are downstairs

Los libros de matemáticas están abajo

downstairs - abajo. In general, abajo means "below" or "down"

9

They are upstairs

Ellos están arriba

upstairs - arriba. In general, arriba means "above" or "up"

10

The building is in front of (i.e. across the street from) the university

El edificio está enfrente de la universidad

in front of - enfrente de. In some countries, people use the alternative frente a. Both enfrente de and frente a can be used to mean "across the street from"

11

I am behind the door

Estoy detrás de la puerta

behind - detrás de

12

The War never ends

La guerra nunca termina

war - la guerra

13

Paloma is against the war

Paloma está en contra de la guerra

against - contra, en contra de

14

Andrés is next to the pretty girl

Andrés está al lado de la niña bonita

next to - al lado de. Lado literally means "side", so al lado de can be translated as "to the side of"

15

The chair is behind the table

La silla está detrás de la mesa

table - la mesa

16

The books are on top of the table

Los libros están encima de la mesa

on top of - encima de

17

María is there

María está allí

there - allí

18

The building is not here, it is over there

El edificio no está aquí, está allá

over there - allá.  Note that allá connotates a more distant location than allí, although both translate to "there" in English

19

The school is far from the house

La escuela está lejos de la casa

far from - lejos de

20

I am with my teacher

Estoy con mi maestra

my - mi 

21

I am with my parents

Estoy con mis padres

parents - los padres. Note that mi matches nouns in number

22

a very big foot

un pie muy grande

foot - el pie

23

We are standing

Estamos de pie

standing - de pie. Note that we can also say "standing" by using the adjective parado, derived from the verb pararse ("to stand up")

24

We go to school on foot

Vamos al colegio a pie

on foot - a pie

25

The teachers are on vacation

Los maestros están de vacaciones

vacation - las vacaciones. Note that vacaciones is always plural in Spanish, and that "on vacation" is de vacaciones

26

You are among friends

Estás entre amigos

among - entre

27

The number four is between numbers three and five

El número cuatro está entre los números tres y cinco

between - entre. Note that entre means both "between" and "among."

28

José sells this chair and this pen

José vende esta silla y este bolígrafo

this - este, esta

29

Alicia is studying art at the university.

Alicia está estudiando arte en la universidad.

studying- estudiando. Note that the spanish equivalent of "-ing" is ando or iendo depending on whether the infinitive ends in -ar or -er and -ir. This Present Progressive tense is always used with estar, not with ser

30

Juan and Marcos are working at the library next to my university

Juan y Marcos están trabajando en la biblioteca al lado de mi universidad

working - trabajando 

31

The teacher is annoyed because the students are talking in front of her

La maestra está molesta porque los estudiantes están hablando en frente de ella

talking - hablando 

32

You (uds) are teaching class today

Ustedes están enseñando la clase hoy

teaching - enseñando 

33

My parents and I are walking in between the two buildings

Mis padres y yo estamos caminando entre los dos edificios

walking - caminando 

34

We are taking photos of the building here

Estamos tomando fotos del edificio aquí

taking - tomando. Note that it is also acceptable to say sacando fotos.

35

Mariana and I are not eating because we are dizzy and sick

Mariana y yo no estamos comiendo porque estamos mareadas y enfermas

eating - comiendo

36

I am not learning a lot because my teachers are not good

Yo no estoy aprendiendo mucho porque mis maestros no son buenos

learning - aprendiendo 

37

José is running behind the girl because he thinks that she is pretty

José está corriendo detrás de la niña porque cree que ella es bonita

running - corriendo 

38

I am selling my chairs because I am not happy with them

Estoy vendiendo mis sillas porque no estoy contento con ellas

selling - vendiendo. Note that ellas or ellos can be used to refer to inanimate objects as well as humans, although this use is rare

39

I think that they are reading over there

Creo que están leyendo allá

reading - leyendo. Note that leer ("to read") is irregular in its present progressive form. Most other -er verbs take the -iendo ending in the progressive

40

My friends are opening the library's big door

Mis amigos están abriendo la puerta grande de la biblioteca

opening - abriendo 

41

Maite is busy because she is writing an essay for her art class

Maite está ocupada porque está escribiendo un ensayo para su clase de arte

writing - escribiendo 

42

My parents are living near my university, so I am annoyed

Mis padres están viviendo cerca de mi universidad, entonces estoy molesto

living - viviendo 

43

Jaime is receiving many letters from his friends who are studying in Spain

Jaime está recibiendo muchas cartas de sus amigos que están estudiando en España

receiving - recibiendo

44

You (uds) are going to the classroom that is upstairs, right?

Ustedes están yendo a la clase que está arriba, ¿verdad?

going - yendo (from ir). Note that yendo, like leyendo, is irregular in the present progressive

45

What are the present progressive (-ing) verb endings?

Present Progressive endings

  • -ar = -ando
  • -er = -iendo
  • -ir = -iendo

 

46

Carolina is figuring out where Memo is

Carolina está averiguando (en) dónde está Memo

to find out, to figure out - averiguar. To express "finding out" something by chance, without effort, we often use the verb enterarse instead