Flashcards in Lesson 5A (Part 4) Deck (20)
What is the most common cause of splenic cysts in endemic areas of the world?
What kind of disease is hydatid cyst?
What is the appearance of a hydatid cyst? (3)
1. Complex with multiple septations
2. Daughter cysts
3. Waterlily sign
What are the most common causes of splenic abscesses? (4)
What indicates an infectious disease?
Presence of gas within the cyst
What is the treatment for splenic abscesses?
What are symptoms of a splenic abscess? (4)
4. Multiple focal lesions
Appears as one to several small echogenic shadowing calcifications throughout splenic parenchyma
What kind of patient history do patients with granulomatous spleen have?
What is the 3rd most common abdominal aneurysm?
Splenic artery aneurysm
What are risk factors for Splenic artery aneurysm? (3)
Sickle cell disease
Is a common inherited blood disorder such as anemia that affects the red blood cells hemoglobin and almost always affects the spleen
What are complications with Sickle cell disease? (5)
2. Acute sequestration
4. Massive infarction
Becomes shrunken and nonfunctional
Obstruction of sinusoids
Rare inherited disorder that causes too much
glucercerebroside build up
in the spleen, liver, lungs and bones
What does Gaucher’s disease always cause?
How does Gaucher’s disease appear? (4)
1. Multiple splenic nodules
2. Variable echogenicity
What does portal hypertension cause?