Lesson 5A (Part 4) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 5A (Part 4) Deck (20)
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1

What is the most common cause of splenic cysts in endemic areas of the world?

Hydatid cyst

2

What kind of disease is hydatid cyst?

Echinococcal disease

3

What is the appearance of a hydatid cyst? (3)

1. Complex with multiple septations
2. Daughter cysts
3. Waterlily sign

4

What are the most common causes of splenic abscesses? (4)

1. Endocarditis
2. Septicemia
3. Trauma
4. Candidiasis

5

What indicates an infectious disease?

Presence of gas within the cyst

6

What is the treatment for splenic abscesses?

Percutaneous drainage

7

What are symptoms of a splenic abscess? (4)

1. Leukemia
2. Fever
3. Splenomegaly
4. Multiple focal lesions

8

Granulomatous spleen

Appears as one to several small echogenic shadowing calcifications throughout splenic parenchyma

9

What kind of patient history do patients with granulomatous spleen have?

Sarcoidosis

10

What is the 3rd most common abdominal aneurysm?

Splenic artery aneurysm

11

What are risk factors for Splenic artery aneurysm? (3)

1. Pregnancy
2. Smoking
3. Hypertension

12

Sickle cell disease

Is a common inherited blood disorder such as anemia that affects the red blood cells hemoglobin and almost always affects the spleen

13

What are complications with Sickle cell disease? (5)

1. Autosplenectomy
2. Acute sequestration
3. Hypersplenism
4. Massive infarction
5. Abscess

14

Autosplenectomy

Becomes shrunken and nonfunctional

15

Acute sequestration

Obstruction of sinusoids

16

Gaucher’s disease

Rare inherited disorder that causes too much
glucercerebroside build up
in the spleen, liver, lungs and bones

17

What does Gaucher’s disease always cause?

Splenomegaly

18

How does Gaucher’s disease appear? (4)

1. Multiple splenic nodules
2. Variable echogenicity
3. Fibrosis
4. Infarction

19

What does portal hypertension cause?

Splenomegaly

20

What do patients with portal hypertension present with? (2)

1. Liver disease
2. Portal venous collaterals