Lesson 6 - Muscles of Hip and Thigh Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 6 - Muscles of Hip and Thigh Deck (52):
1

What are the muscles of posterior gluteal region?

Gluteus maximus, medius, minimus, tensor fasciae latae

2

What are the deep muscles of the posterior gluteal region?

Piriformis

3

What nerve innervates the gluteus medius, minimus, and tensor fasciae latae?

Superior gluteal nerve

4

What nerve innervates the gluteus maximus?

Inferior gluteal nerve

5

What nerve innervates the tensor fasciae latae?

Superior gluteal nerve

6

What nerve innervates the piriformis?

Nerve to piriformis

7

What is the action of the piriformis?

Lateral rotation of hip (thigh)

8

What is the action of gluteus maximus?

Extension + lateral rotation of hip/thigh

9

What is the action of gluteus medius?

Abducts hip/thigh

10

What is the action of gluteus minimus?

Abducts thigh

11

What are the muscles of the anterior hip region?

Psoas major, psoas minor, Illiacus, Illiopsoas

12

What ligament separates psoas major and illiacus from illiopsoas?

Inguinal ligament

13

Where does psoas major originate?

All lumbar vertebrae

14

Where does illiacus originate?

Illiac fossa

15

Where does psoas major insert?

Lesser trochanter of femur

16

Where does illiacus insert?

Lesser trochanter of femur

17

What does psoas major do?

Flexes hip/thigh

18

What does illiacus do?

Flexes hip

19

What nerve innervates psoas major?

Lumbar nerves L1-L3

20

What nerve innervates illiacus?

Femoral nerve

21

What are the muscles of the anterior femoral region?

Sartorius, Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius

22

Where does sartorius originate?

Anterior superior illiac spine

23

Where does rectus femoris originate?

Anterior inferior illiac spine

24

Where does vastus lateralis orginiate?

Lateral lip of linea aspera

25

Where does vastus medialis originate?

Medial lip of linea aspera

26

Where does vastus intermedius originate?

Anterior shaft of upper femur

27

Where does sartorius instert?

Upper medial Tibia

28

Where does rectus femoris insert?

Tibial tuberosity

29

Where do the vastuses insert?

Tibial tuberosity

30

What are the medial femoral muscles?

Gracilis, Pectineus, Adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus

31

Where does gracilis originate?

Pubic bone

32

Where does pectineus originate?

Pubic bone

33

Where does adductor longus originate?

Pubic bone

34

Where does adductor brevis originate?

Pubic bone

35

Where does adductor magnus originate?

Ischium

36

Where does Gracilis insert?

Upper medial tibia

37

What do the medial femoral muscles do?

Adduction of hip (thigh)

38

What are the posterior femoral muscles?

Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus

39

What are the two parts of the biceps femoris?

Long head and short head

40

Where does biceps femoris originate?

Long head- ischial tuberosity, short head-shaft of femur

41

Where do semitendinosus and semimembranosus originate?

Ischial tuberosity

42

Where does the biceps femoris insert?

Both short and long head at head of fibula

43

Where does semitendinosus insert?

Upper medial tibia

44

What three muscles insert in the upper medial tibia?

Sartorius, Gracilis, semitendinosus

45

Where does semimembranosus insert?

Proximal upper tibia

46

What do the long head of biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus do?

Flex leg, extend thigh

47

What does he biceps femoris - short head - do?

Flex leg

48

What nerve innervates anterior femoral muscles?

Femoral nerve

49

What muscles does the femoral nerve innervate?

Illiacus, Sartorius, Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, pectineus

50

What muscles are innervated by the obturator nerve?

Gracilis, adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus

51

What muscles are innervated by the tibial nerve?

Biceps femoris- long head - , semitendinosus, semimembranosus

52

What nerve innervates the biceps femoris -short head?

Fibular/ peroneal nerve