Lesson106 Bin Laden's Dead. Al Qaueda's not Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson106 Bin Laden's Dead. Al Qaueda's not Deck (20):
1

미국은 정의라는 의미를 지키기 위해서, 그보다 정도는 덜하지만 오사마 빈 라덴이 천하무적이라는 오해를 끝내기 위해서라도 그를 제거해야될 필요가 있었다.

The United States needed to eliminate Osama bin Laden to fulfill our sense of justice and, to a lesser extent, to end the myth of his invincibility.

2

to a lesser extent
invincibility [ɪnvɪnsɪbɪlɪti] 2 4< [ɪnvɪnsɪbəl] 2

The United States needed to eliminate Osama bin Laden to fulfill our sense of justice and, to a lesser extent, to end the myth of his invincibility.
*to a lesser extent:그보다 정도는 덜하지만
[ADJ] If you describe an army or sports team as invincible, you believe that they cannot be defeated.

3

알카에다의 해괴한 공격 중에 잊혀진 것이 있다면 테러리스트들의 궁극적인 목표가 이슬람권에 현존하는 정권을 신앙적으로 순수한 원리 주의의 이슬람 정권으로 교체하고자 함이며 궁극적으로 칼리페이트를 재건하고자 함이다.

Often forgotten amid the ugly violence of Al Qaeda's attack was that the terrorists' declared goal was to replace existing governments in the Muslim world with religiously pure Islamist states and eventually restore an Islamic caliphate.

4

restore [rɪstɔ:r] 2
caliphate [|keɪlɪ|feɪt, -fɪt, |kæl-]

Often forgotten amid the ugly violence of Al Qaeda's attack was that the terrorists' declared goal was to replace existing governments in the Muslim world with religiously pure Islamist states and eventually restore an Islamic caliphate.
[VERB] To restore a situation or practice means to cause it to exist again.
[NOUN] the office, jurisdiction, or reign of a caliph

5

그래서, 빈라덴이 죽기 전에조차, 애널리스트들은 알카에다가 급속하게 그 중요성을 상실하고 있다고 주장하기 시작했었다.

Thus, even before Bin Laden's death, analysts had begun to argue that Al Qaeda was rapidly becoming irrelevant.

6

irrelevant [ɪrelɪvənt]2

Thus, even before Bin Laden's death, analysts had begun to argue that Al Qaeda was rapidly becoming irrelevant.
[ADJ] [oft ADJ to n] If you say that something is irrelevant, you mean that it is not important in a situation.

7

그러나 (알카에다가 그 중요성을 상실한 것 같이 보인다는 것에 )기뻐하기에는 시기 상조이다.

But such rejoicing would be premature.

8

rejoice [rɪdʒɔɪs] 2

But such rejoicing would be premature.
[VERB] If you rejoice, you are very pleased about something and you show it in your behaviour.

9

많은 이슬람 관념주의자들에게 "아랍의 봄(반정부시위의 통칭)"은 단순히 칼리패이트 설립에 있어 방해가 되었던 장애물을 제거하는 것 이상을 의미 하지 않는다.

To many Islamist ideologues, the Arab Spring simply represents the removal of obstacles that stood in the way of establishing the caliphate.

10

stand in the way of

To many Islamist ideologues, the Arab Spring simply represents the removal of obstacles that stood in the way of establishing the caliphate.
*~에 방해가 되다.

11

앞으로 몇달 동안, 빈라덴의 죽음은 알카에다로 하여금 그것이 망하지 않았다는 것을 보여주기 위한 공격을 면밀히 실행에 옮기게 할 수도 있다.

In the months ahead, Bin Laden's death may encourage Al Qaeda to stage an attack to counter the impression that it is out of business.

12

In the months ahead
stage [steɪdʒ] 1
counter [kaʊntər] 1

In the months ahead, Bin Laden's death may encourage Al Qaeda to stage an attack to counter the impression that it is out of business.
*앞으로 몇달동안
[VERB] If someone stages a play or other show, they organize and present a performance of it.
[VERB] If you do something to counter a particular action or process, you do something which has an opposite effect to it or makes it less effective.

13

그러나 더 두두러지는 위협이 알카에다의 지역 계열사로부터 나올 것이다.

The more significant threat, however, will come from Al Qaeda's local affiliates.

14

affiliate 동사 [ə|fɪlieɪt] 명사 [ə|fɪliət]

The more significant threat, however, will come from Al Qaeda's local affiliates.
[NOUN] [FORMAL] An affiliate is an organization which is officially connected with another, larger organization or is a member of it.

15

일단 자리를 잡게 되자, 그 네트워크는 더 이상 빈라덴을 필요로 하지 않았다, 사실, 여러 해동안 그로부터 최소한의 명령만을 수행해왔었다.

Once in place, the network no longer needed Bin Laden and, in fact, has been proceeding with minimal direction from him for several years.

16

Once in place
proceed [proʊ|si:d] 2

Once in place, the network no longer needed Bin Laden and, in fact, has been proceeding with minimal direction from him for several years.
*Once in place: 일단 자리를 잡게 되자
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you proceed with a course of action, you continue with it.

17

Tahrir광장 사건이나 빈라덴의 은신처에 대한 급습, 그 어느 것도 이슬람 극단 주의에 대해 다분히 종속되어 있는 이들에게 그것에 대한 유인을 줄이는데 기여하고 있는 것 같지 않다.

Neither the events of Tahrir Square nor the raid on Bin Laden's hideout is likely to significantly diminish the appeal of Islamist extremism to those who have been receptive to it.

18

raid [reɪd]
hideout [haɪdaʊt] 1
receptive [rɪseptɪv] 2

Neither the events of Tahrir Square nor the raid on Bin Laden's hideout is likely to significantly diminish the appeal of Islamist extremism to those who have been receptive to it.
[VERB] If the police raid a building, they enter it suddenly and by force in order to look for dangerous criminals or for evidence of something illegal, such as drugs or weapons.
[NOUN] A hideout is a place where someone goes secretly because they do not want anyone to find them, for example if they are running away from the police.
[ADJ] [oft ADJ to n] Someone who is receptive to new ideas or suggestions is prepared to consider them or accept them.

19

많은 이슬람 사회에는 서구로부터 희생양이라는 생각을 품으며, 불충분하고 도덕적으로 썩은 정부로부터 그러한 생각이 더 가열되고 엄청난 청년 인구들에 의해 더욱더 실행에 옮겨지는 급진적인 계층이 있다.

In many Muslim societies, there remains a radical stratum born of a sense of victimization by the West, fueled by inefficient and corrupt governments, and carried forward by an enormous youth population.

20

stratum [streɪtəm] 1

In many Muslim societies, there remains a radical stratum born of a sense of victimization by the West, fueled by inefficient and corrupt governments, and carried forward by an enormous youth population.
[NOUN] [usu with supp] [FORMAL] A stratum of society is a group of people in it who are similar in their education, income, or social status.