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Flashcards in Lesson122 Deck (17)
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장기기증을 활성화시키려는 영국 국립보건원의 엄청난 노력에도 불구하고, 매년 1000명 정도가 이식받을 장기의 부족으로 죽어갑니다.

For all the National Health Service's hard work to boost organ donation, around 1,000 people die each year for lack of a transplant.
*for all=despite all


*지금 있는 대기자 명단만 해도 7600명이 넘습니다. 아니 10000명이라고 하는 것이 (장기가) 필요한 사람을 더 정확하게 반영한것일지도 모르겠습니다.

The activie waiting list numbers more than 7,600, and 10,000 may be a fairer reflection of need.
*a fairer reflection of need


proliferate [prəlɪfəreɪt] 2

As hypertension, obesity, and the miracles of modern medicine proliferate, that gap is likely to increase-unless donation rates rise dramatically.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If things proliferate, they increase in number very quickly. (무기 확산에서 주로 쓰임)


사망한 기증자의 수는 스페인이 영국보다 두배나 더 많습니다.

Deceased donors are twice as numerous in Spain as in Britain.
*twice as numerous
*deceased [dɪsi:st] 2: [ADJ] [FORMAL] A deceased person is one who has recently died.


살아있는 기증자의 수를 합치면 영국(의 장기기증자 수)도 많아지긴 합니다만, 그러나 죽은 기증자들이 더 많은 장기와 헤어질 수 있다는 점에서 유용합니다.

cf) 그 회사는 5000만 달러를 잃었다.

Britain does better when living donors are included, but dead ones are more useful because they can part with a wider range of organs.
*does better
cf) The company parted with 150 million.
*part[pɑ:rt] :
[VERB] [FORMAL] When two people part, or if one person parts from another, they leave each other.



*informed consent

For many, the answer lies in Britain's "opt-in" regime of informed consent.
[VERB] [intr, adverb] to choose to be involved in or part of a scheme, etc
*충분히 정보가 주어진 상태에서 하는 승인
(숙지가 된 상태의 공식적 승인)


*embrace [ɪmbreɪs] 2

*presume [prɪzu:m] 2

*assume [əsu:m] 2


opt out

Spain, and most EU members, have instead embraced some form of presumed consent, in which everyone is assumed to be a donor unless he expressly "opts out".
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you embrace a change, political system, or idea, you accept it and start supporting it or believing in it.
[VERB] If you presume that something is the case, you think that it is the case, although you are not certain.
*외관상으로는(밖으로 드러나 보기에는)
[NOUN] You can refer to the action of choosing not to be involved in a particular part of an agreement as an opt-out.


이번에 위임된 웨일즈주의회가 올해 통과시키려는 법이 바로 이런 것(반대의사 표시를 기반으로 한 장기기증 신청제도)입니다.

The devolved Welsh legislature intends to pass a law this year doing just that.
*doing just that: 그리고 바로 그걸 하고 있구요.


devolve [dɪvɒlv] 2

legislature [ledʒɪsleɪtʃər] 1

The devolved Welsh legislature intends to pass a law this year doing just that.
[VERB] If you devolve power, authority, or responsibility to a less powerful person or group, or if it devolves upon them, it is transferred to them.
[NOUN] [FORMAL] The legislature of a particular state or country is the group of people in it who have the power to make and pass laws.


lead the league

Spain has an opt-out system and leads the league with around 32 deceased donors per million.
*선두를 지키고 있다.


*lurk [lɜ:rk]

so does Greece, and it lurks near the bottom with four.
[VERB] If someone lurks somewhere, they wait there secretly so that they cannot be seen, usually because they intend to do something bad.


superb [su:pɜ:rb]2

*sell something emotianlly to the public

Spain succeeds by managing the medical requirements of organ donation superbly and selling it emotionally to the public.
[ADJ] If something is superb, its quality is very good indeed.
*대중에게 감정으로 호소하는 아이디어를 팔다.
cf)public service announcement 공익 광고


*referral [rɪfɜ:rəl] 2


*,and that~

A task force which examined the matter in Britain in 2008 concluded that the number of deceased organ donors could be increased 50% by 2013 mainly through better donor identification and referral and more efficients organ retrieval, and that these should be tried first.
[NOUN] Referral is the act of officially sending someone to a person or authority that is qualified to deal with them. A referral is an instance of this. <--refer
[NOUN] The retrieval of something is the process of getting it back from a particular place, especially from a place where it should not be. 여기서는=harvest
*A ,and that B: A라는 것이 B 한다고 결론지어지다.


*상황은 점점 좋아지고 있습니다.

Things have improved.


*4년 전보다 지난 2월부터 삼월까지의 기증자가 약 34% 증가할 것이다.

There should be be about 34% more donors in the 12 months to the end of March than four years ago.
*in the 12 months to the end of March
*1월부터 9월까지 동안:in the first nine month to september.



These include taking hearts from dead newborns, using organs from higher-risk donors and putting dying patients on a ventilator to retrieve organs later.
[NOUN] A ventilator is a machine that helps people breathe when they cannot breathe naturally, for example because they are very ill or have been seriously injured.


*sustained [səsteɪn] 2

raise hackles [hækəlz] 1

A sustained public-information campaign, plus an expansion of medical specialists and intensive-care capacity,might to the job while raising fewer hackles.
[VERB] If you sustain something, you continue it or maintain it for a period of time.
[PHRASE] If something raises your hackles or makes your hackles rise, it makes you feel angry and hostile.