Lesson123 Is a Calorie a Calorie? Flashcards Preview

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나는 칼로리에 대해서 고급 교육을 습득하는 것이 식단과 체중 증가를 잘 이해하도록 할 것이라 생각했습니다.

I figured gaining an advanced education in calories might allow me to better understand diet and weight gain.
*allow to



These two are not faddists but clear thinkers: actual scientists.
[NOUN] You use fad to refer to an activity or topic of interest that is very popular for a short time, but which people become bored with very quickly.
cf)trend: 지속시간이 긴 경우


하지만 물론 체중 증가라는 것에는 단순히 칼로리만 관여하는 것이 아닙니다. (칼로리만 고려한다고 체중증가가 설명 되는 것은 아닙니다.)
*남편이자 아버지가 되는 것은 그저 돈을 벌어다 주는 것 이상의 것이 있다.

But of course there is more to weight gain than the calorie.
*there is more to
cf)There is more to being a husband and father than just bring home some money.


만약 대답이 “네”라면, 소모하는 칼로리보다 더 적은 칼로리를 섭취하면 됩니다. 그러면 체중이 감소할 것입니다.

If the answer is "yes" all you do is take in fewer calories than you expend and you'll lose weight.


어떤 주어진 양에 있어서도, 지방이 단백질과 탄수화물보다 2배 이상의 칼로리를 함유하고 있습니다.

So for any given measure, fat has more than twice as many calories as protein or carbs.


confound [kənfaʊnd]2

When I asked my question, Nestle's answer was confounding: "Yes and no"
[VERB] If someone or something confounds you, they make you feel surprised or confused, often by showing you that your opinions or expectations of them were wrong.


그게 아니라도, 음식은 구분한다고 해서 딱 부러지게 구분되는 게 아니다.

Besides, foods are only rarely one thing or another.
*one thing or another: 딱 구분되는 것.


incarcerate [ɪnkɑ:rsəreɪt] 2

When people are essentially incarcerated, when all intake is weighed and measured, they will lose weight if the calories in their diets are reduced.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If people are incarcerated, they are kept in a prison or other place.


체중 감소에서 중요한 것은 무엇을 먹는냐가 아니라 얼마나 먹는냐이다.

Weight loss isn't really about what you eat but about how many calories you eat.


*get past

*lame [leɪm]

And once you get past my perhaps lame "Is a caloris a caloris" question. you can begin to see something approaching the truth.
*to pass somebody/something without being noticed, caught or stopped
[ADJ] If you describe something, for example an excuse, argument, or remark, as lame, you mean that it is poor or weak.


for one thing

For one thing, says Nestle: "There are dozens of factors involved in weight regulation.
체중 감량에는 복잡한 다른 요인이 있으며, 그 중 하나가 우리 신체의 몸무게 조절 메커니즘이다.


몸은 지금 먹으라고 말 할 때보다 그만 먹으라고 말 할 때 작동을 더 잘 못한다.

The body doesn't work as well to tell people to stop eating as when to thell them when to start.


만약에 당신이 많은 과일과 야채를 먹는다면 당신이 패스트푸드나 탄산음료를 먹는 것 만큼의 칼로리를 섭취하지 않을 것이다.

If you're eating a lot of fruits and vegetables, you're not taking in as many calories as you would if you were eating fast food and sodas.


후자가 전자보다 칼로리 함량이 훨씬 높다.

The latter group is way higher in calories than the former.


realm [relm]

Marketing affects instinct, and Nestle and Nesheim really shine ine their analysis in this realm.
마케팅은 본능을 자극하며, 네슬레와 네쉐임은 이 분야의 분석에 있어서 독보적입니다.
[NOUN] [usu with supp, oft N of n, adj N] [FORMAL] You can use realm to refer to any area of activity, interest, or thought.


*마케팅은 본능을 자극하며, 네슬레와 네쉐임은 이 분야의 분석에 있어서 독보적입니다.

Marketing affects instinct, and Nestle and Nesheim really shine in their analysis in this realm.
*shine in


내가 네슬레에게 미국 사람들이 명백하게 너무 많은 칼로리를 섭취하고 있는 것을 고려할 때, 또한 그 결과로 나타나는 과체중이 우리 모두의 앞으로 살아갈 날들과 돈을 앗아간다는 것을 고려할 때 무엇을 하겠느냐고 물어봤을 때, 그는 재빨리 대답했습니다.

When I asked Nestle what she would do, given that people in the United States were obviously eating too many calories and that the resulting excess weight was costing all of us life years and money, she answered quickly.
*the resulting: 그결과로 나타나는
*cost A B: A에게 B라는 대가를 치루게 만들다.



Stop marketing food to kids. Period.
[ADV] [emphasis] Some people say period after stating a fact or opinion when they want to emphasize that they are definite about something and do not want to discuss it further. 이걸로 끝! 더 이상 토달지 마시오.


없애 버려라. 치워버려라.

Just make it go away.


revert to [rɪvɜ:rt] 2

*back up

And get rid of health claims on food packages too. "Unless." she says, reverting to her pure science role, "they're backed up by universally accepted science. Which would get rid of all of them."
[VERB] When people or things revert to a previous state, system, or type of behaviour, they go back to it.
*[VERB] [adverb] [tr] to support or assist