Lesson124:The Wrong Way to Stop Fake Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson124:The Wrong Way to Stop Fake Drugs Deck (22):
1

*counterfeit [kaʊntərfɪt] 1

In 2007-8, when counterfeit version of heparin, a blood-thinning drug, were shipped from China to the United States market, 149 people died.
[ADJ] Counterfeit money, goods, or documents are not genuine, but have been made to look exactly like genuine ones in order to deceive people.

2

*bogus [boʊgəs] 1

*apparently [əpærəntli] 1

*surface [sɜ:rfɪs] 1 발음주의!

In last few months, bogus version of the cancer drug Avastin, apparently shipped from the Middle East, have surfaced in clinics in California, Illinois and Texas.
[ADJ] If you describe something as bogus, you mean that it is not genuine.
[ADV] [ADV with cl/group, ADV before v] [vagueness] You use apparently to indicate that the information you are giving is something that you have heard, but you are not certain that it is true. 딱보니까 ~인거 같아.
[VERB] When something such as a piece of news, a feeling, or a problem surfaces, it becomes known or becomes obvious.

3

menace [menɪs] 1

whack-a-mole

Fighting the fake drug menace is like playing whack-a-mole.
[NOUN] [usu sing, oft N to n, N of n] If you say that someone or something is a menace to other people or things, you mean that person or thing is likely to cause serious harm. 위협이 되는 사태나 사건.
1.(idiomatic) The practice of trying to stop something that persistently occurs in an apparently random manner at the point where the occurrence is noticed, such as terminating spammers’ e-mail accounts or closing pop-up advertisement windows.

4

그럼에도 F.D.A.가 딱봐도 불법의 소지가 있는 온라인 약국을 단속하면 바로 또 하나가 생겨난다.

And yet no sooner does the F.D.A. shut down one dubious online pharmacy than another pops up.

5

dubious [du:biəs] 1

And yet no sooner does the F.D.A. shut down one dubious online pharmacy than another pops up.
[ADJ] If you describe something as dubious, you mean that you do not consider it to be completely honest, safe, or reliable.

6

외국에서 약을 구입하면 미국가격의 반값에 구입할 수 있다.

cf) 그는 나보다 두배 많이 벌어/ 내 절반 밖에 못 벌어.

Foreign versions of drugs can cost roughly half what they do in the United States.
*cost roughly half what they do
cf) He makes twice what I do/half what I do

7

보험에 가입하지 않았거나 보장범위가 작은 보험에 가입된 미국인들에게는, 인증받은 외국 온라인사이트에서 약을 사는 것이 감당할 수 있는 가격에 필요한 약을 살 수 있는 방법이 된다.

For the millions of Americans who are uninsured or underinsured, buying from international, credentialed online pharmacies could provide access to the medicines they need at a price they can afford.
*access to the medicines they need at a price they can afford.

8

credential [krɪ|dɛnʃəl] 2

For the millions of Americans who are uninsured or underinsured, buying from international, credentialed online pharmacies could provide access to the medicines they need at a price they can afford.
[ADJ] entitling one to confidence, authority, etc

9

*prosecute [prɒsɪkju:t]

*grant [grɑ:nt, grænt]

waiver [weɪvər]

While the F.D.A. does not prosecute individual consumers whose purchases present no threat to themselves or the public and grants some waivers to those buying less than threee months' supply of a drug from abroad, most are still technically consider criminals.
[VERB] If the authorities prosecute someone, they charge them with a crime and put them on trial.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If someone in authority grants you something, or if something is granted to you, you are allowed to have it.
[NOUN] A waiver is when a person, government, or organization agrees to give up a right or says that people do not have to obey a particular rule or law.
포기 각서 같은 느낌

10

procure [prəkjʊər] 2

In a recent National Bureau of Economic Research paper, I assessed the quality and price of drugs procured through Internet pharmacies
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you procure something, especially something that is difficult to get, you obtain it.
cf)procurement office 조달청.

11

play Russian roulette

Careless buyers play Russian roulette.
*take dangerous risks

12

be not for everyone

Buying drugs online from overseas isn't for everyone.
*모두에게 적절하지는 않다/적용되지는 않는다.

13

reimburse [ri:ɪmbɜ:rs] 1 3

undermine [ʌndərmaɪn] 1 3

American health insurance companies should not be required to reimburse consumers for these drugs, because that would effectively import foerign governments' price controls into the United States and undermine American companies' research and development budgets.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you reimburse someone for something, you pay them back the money that they have spent or lost because of it. ~에게 대주다
[VERB] If you undermine something such as a feeling or a system, you make it less strong or less secure than it was before, often by a gradual process or by repeated efforts. 밑둥을 치다

14

*lost some business

Nonetheless, American pharmacists will most likely lose some business, and they will lobby hard against such a change.
*고객을 잃다.

15

slip through

*back [bæk]

And no doubt some bad drugs will slip through, which will probably stop the F.D.A. from backing the idea.
*if something or somebody slips through or slips through a system, etc., a person or a system fails to find and deal with it/them
[VERB] If you back a person or a course of action, you support them, for example by voting for them or giving them money.

16

*the long arm of the law

The long arm of the law will reach even the most remote island under foreign jurisdictions.
*the ability of the police and the legal system to find criminals and punish them

17

*perpetrator [pɜ:rpɪtreɪt] 1

*set foot in/on something

The problem is that United States law cannot reach many of the criminals who perpetrate the frauds because most never set foot in America.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If someone perpetrates a crime or any other immoral or harmful act, they do it.
*enter or visit a place

18

transit [trænzɪt] 1

Turkey and the Caribbean act as major trnsit points, and countries like Panama launder the billions in profit.
[NOUN] Transit is the carrying of goods or people by vehicle from one place to another.

19

가짜 약을 막기 위한 국제 조약 (그리고 그것을 시행하는데 드는 자금을 조달하는것)이 이러한 피난처를 없애는데 효과를 발휘하고 사기를 저지르는 사람들이 숨을 곳이 없도록 확실히 할 것입니다.

A global treaty against fake drugs (and the financing to enforce it) could work to eliminate these safe havens and ensure that the perpetrators of fraud have nowhere to hide.
*have nowhere to hide

20

safe haven

cf)tax haven

A global treaty against fake drugs (and the financing to enforce it) could work to eliminate these safe havens and ensure that the perpetrators of fraud have nowhere to hide.
[NOUN] If part of a country is declared a safe haven, people who need to escape from a dangerous situation such as a war can go there and be protected.
cf)조세 피난처

21

*narcotic [nɑ:rkɒtɪk] 2

We have treaties against fake currency and the narcotics trade, but as the medical journal The Lancet recently noted, we do not have one for fake drugs.
[NOUN] Narcotics are drugs such as opium or heroin which make you sleepy and stop you feeling pain. You can also use narcotics, especially in American English, to mean any kind of illegal drug. 마약류

22

stamp out

Developing such a treaty will take time, but it is the only way to begin to stamp out the international fake drug trade.
[VERB] to crush or suppress by force 몰아내다