Lesson125: Are TV and Videon Games Making Kids Fat? Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson125: Are TV and Videon Games Making Kids Fat? Deck (17):
1

아, 이론과 실제의 차이란!

Talk about a disparity between theory and practice.
*Talk about: 아, ~란.( 시작 부분)

2

그들은 또한 하루에 한시간 넘는 시간을 인터넷 하는데, 또 한시간을 비디오 게임하는데 씁니다.

They also spend more than an hour per day online and another hour on video games.
*spend 시간 online(adv)
*on video games

3

zone out

loll [lɒl] on a couch

*causal [kɔ:zəl] 1

Zoning out in front of a television or video game monitor for hours doesn't seem healthy, but no one yet has found any causal link between time spent lolling on a couch and childhood obesity.
*to fall asleep, become unconscious or stop paying attention
[VERB] If you loll somewhere, you sit or lie in a very relaxed position.
*causal relationship:인과관계

4

아이들은 한자리에 그냥 앉아있을 때보다 Takken 3를 할 때 거의 두배 많은 칼로리를 태우는데, 이는 시간당 40에서 80 칼로리가 추가로 소모된 정도로 환산 될 수 있습니다.

Children burned roughly twice as many calories playing Tekken 3 as they did sitting in one place, which translates to an extra 40 to 80 calories burned every hour.
*translate to

5

translate to [trænzleɪt] 2

Children burned roughly twice as many calories playing Tekken 3 as they did sitting in one place, which translates to an extra 40 to 80 calories burned every hour.
[VERB] If something that someone has said or written is translated from one language into another, it is said or written again in the second language.
[VERB] If one thing translates or is translated into another, the second happens or is done as a result of the first.

6

*enforce
*time budget

Their parents were asked to enforce time budgets (using a device to limit total screen time) and participate in television turnoffs lasting 10 days, among other projects.
[VERB] If people in authority enforce a law or a rule, they make sure that it is obeyed, usually by punishing people who do not obey it.
*시간 분배

7

*involved

*halve [hæv]

Thie very involved, two-month intervention halved television watching among participants.
[ADJ] [v-link ADJ, usu ADJ in n] If you are involved in something, you give a lot of time, effort, or attention to it.
[VERB] When you halve something or when it halves, it is reduced to half its previous size or amount.

8

make for

The drastic reduction in television-watching made for only a very modest difference: Weight gains in the experimental group were reduced by an average of only one pound.
[VERB] [intr, preposition] to head towards, esp in haste
[VERB] to help to bring about
=lead to/contribute to

9

TV를 보거나 비디오 게임을 하는 시간을 줄이는 것도 혜택이 있긴 합니다. 하지만 그렇다고 살이 빠지는 것 같진 않습니다. ( 하지만 더 날씬해지는 몸은 거기에 해당하는 것 같지 않습니다. )

Reducing time spent watching television or playing video games may have some benefits but slimmer bodies don't seem to be among them.

10

*correlation [kɔ:rəleɪʃən] 1 3

*causality [kɔ:zælɪti] 2

There is indeed a well-know correlation between obesity and hours spent in front of a video screen, but the fact of the linkage doesn't tell us anything about causality.
[NOUN] [FORMAL] A correlation between things is a connection or link between them. 상관관계
[NOUN] [FORMAL] Causality is the relationship of cause and effect. 인과관계=causal link=causation.

11

DDR 게임을 하거나 TV끄고 산책 나가면서 아이가 소모하는 칼로리는 몇 칼로리건 간에 아주 소량입니다.

Whatever calories a kid might burn off playing Dance Dance Revolution or turning off the TV to go for a walk are small potatoes.

12

small potatoes

Whatever calories a kid might burn off playing Dance Dance Revolution or turning off the TV to go for a walk are small potatoes.
[NOUN] [functioning as singular or plural] [informal, mainly US, Canada] someone or something of little significance or value, esp a small amount of money

13

*wipe out

A benefit that's eiped out by a single bag of chips or a scoop of ice cream.
[VERB] [adverb] [tr] to destroy completely; eradicate

14

take up

outfit [aʊtfɪt] 1

return on investment(ROI)

That might be why taking up dozens of classroom hours in an effort to reduce screen time, or paying to outfit homes with active video games, yield such a small return on investment.
[VERB] to occupy or fill (space or time)
[VERB] [mainly AM] To outfit someone or something means to provide them with equipment for a particular purpose.
*ROI는 특정한 기간, 통상적으로 한 해에 걸쳐 투자를 통해 투자자들에게 돌아간 돈의 흐름을 나타낸다.

15

물론 운동을 통해서 비만이었다가 다시 마른체형으로 갈 수 없다는 얘기는 아니지만 그 기준은 굉장히 높습니다.

That doesn't mean someone can't exercise his or her way from obesity to thinness, but the bar is very high.

16

bar [bɑ:r]

That doesn't mean someone can't exercise his or her way from obesity to thinness, but the bar is very high.
*기준

17

소아비만을 줄이기 위한 좀 더 효율적인 방법은 소모되는 칼로리에 집중하기보다는 흡수하는 칼로리의 양에 더 집중하는 것입니다.

A more efficient way to reduce pediatric obesity would fixate less on the number of calories going out, and more on the number going in.