Flashcards in Lesson129 We need to talk about Kim Deck (25)
at liberty (to do something)
To his many victims, and to anyone with a sense of justice, it is deeply wrong that Kim Jong Il died at liberty and of natural causes.
*having permission to do something
여기 문맥에서: 자유를 가진 상태에서
*despot [despət] 1
gulag [gu:læg] 1
The despot ran his country as a gulag.
[NOUN] A despot is a ruler or other person who has a lot of power and who uses it unfairly or cruelly.
[NOUN] A gulag is a prison camp where conditions are extremely bad and the prisoners are forced to work very hard. The name gulag comes from the prison camps in the former Soviet Union.
북한 사람은 잘 먹고 자란 남한 사람(동족)보다 평균 3인치 작다.
cf) 이 나무의 껍질은 10인치 정도로 두껍다.
North Koreans are on average three inches shorter than their well-fed cousins in the South
*three inches shorter
*cousins 동포 cf)Brethren-좀더 거창한 단어
cf)Fratricidar war 동족상잔의 전쟁
cf)The bark of this tree is 10 inches thick.
condemn [kəndem] 2
Once somebody is deemed a political enemy, his whole family can be condemned to forced labour too.
[VERB] [usu passive] If someone is condemned to a punishment, they are given this punishment.
처벌 방법을 나타낼 때 씀.
*hold to account
Now, Kim Jong-Il will never be held (to) account.
cf)We must hold him accountable for what he did.
1.(transitive) To require a person to explain or to accept responsibility for his or her actions; to blame or punish someone for what has occurred.
*pathologically< pathological [pæθəlɒdʒɪkəl] 1 3
Kim pathologically indifferent to the misery of his people.
[ADJ] [usu ADJ n] You describe a person or their behaviour as pathological when they behave in an extreme and unacceptable way, and have very powerful feelings which they cannot control.
By his own lignts
By his own lights, life was sweet.
relish [relɪʃ] 1
*wield [wi:ld] 1
*milk [mɪlk] 1
*manipulate [mənɪpjʊleɪt] 2
He relished wielding power over his people and his ability, through nuclear provocation, to milk and manipulate the outside world.
[VERB] If you relish something, you get a lot of enjoyment from it.
[VERB] If someone wields power, they have it and are able to use it.
[VERB] [disapproval] If you say that someone milks something, you mean that they get as much benefit or profit as they can from it, without caring about the effects this has on other people.
[VERB] [disapproval] If you say that someone manipulates people, you disapprove of them because they skilfully force or persuade people to do what they want.
revere [rɪvɪər] 2
*obituary [oʊbɪtʃueri] 2
The whole country was his movie set, where he could play God and have the people revere him (see our obituary)
*behave as if you control events or other people's lives
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you revere someone or something, you respect and admire them greatly.
[NOUN] Someone's obituary is an account of their life and character which is printed in a newspaper or broadcast soon after they die. 부고
bouffant [bu:fɑ:nt] 2
buffoon [bʌfu:n] 2
He was often portrayed as a platform-heeled, bouffanted buffoon-a cartoon villain.
[ADJ] A bouffant hairstyle is one in which your hair is high and full.
[NOUN] [disapproval, OLD-FASHIONED] If you call someone a buffoon, you mean that they often do foolish things.
*in the final reckoning [rekənɪŋ] 1
Yet he was coolly rational and, in the final reckoning, successful.
*최종적으로 되돌아보고 계산해보니
*day of reckoning: 정산일
[NOUN] Someone's reckoning is a calculation they make about something, especially a calculation that is not very exact.
pudgy [pʌdʒi] 1
And above all, Kim, the family man, ensured that he passed his movie set to a chose heir, his pudgy third son, Kim Jong Un.
[NOUN] An heir is someone who has the right to inherit a person's money, property, or title when that person dies.
[ADJ] [AM] If you describe someone as pudgy, you mean that they are rather fat in an unattractive way.
unalloyed [ʌnəlɔɪd] 1 3
That is the second reason why there cannot be unalloyed joy at Kim Jong Il's going.
[ADJ] [emphasis, LITERARY] If you describe a feeling such as happiness or relief as unalloyed, you are emphasizing that it is a strong feeling and no other feeling is involved. 불순물이 섞이지 않은
factional [fækʃənəl] 1
rage [reɪdʒ] 1
Vicious factional fighting or family squabbles may rage behind the scenes
[ADJ] A vicious person or a vicious blow is violent and cruel. 정도가 심한
[ADJ] Factional arguments or disputes involve two or more small groups from within a larger group.
[VERB] You say that something powerful or unpleasant rages when it continues with great force or violence.
*staging [steɪdʒɪŋ] 1
fall into line behind
regent [ri:dʒənt] 1
but the staging of his father's funeral on December 28th was designed to show that, in public, the regime has fallen into line behind the son, with his uncle, and aunt as regents.
[NOUN] any temporary structure used in the process of building, esp the horizontal platforms supported by scaffolding
*~뒤에 줄 서다(따르다)
[NOUN] A regent is a person who rules a country when the king or queen is unable to rule, for example because they are too young or too ill. 섭정
imperative [ɪmperətɪv] 2
Continuity is the imperative.
[NOUN] [usu with supp] [FORMAL] An imperative is something that is extremely important and must be done.
leverage [levərɪdʒ] 1
Today, Kim Jong Un inherits two valuable prizes: nuclear weapons (and the leverage they offer) plus unambiguous support from China.
[NOUN] Leverage is the ability to influence situations or people so that you can control what happens.
협상카드 cf)lever 지렛대
*impoverish [ɪmpɒvərɪʃ] 2
Among the North Koreans who have greatest reason to resent the regime are rural dwellers too remote and impoverished to challenge it.
[VERB] Something that impoverishes a person or a country makes them poor.
*repression [rɪpreʃən] 2
dissent [dɪsent] 2
And if they did, a countrywide system of repression allows no room for dissent.
[NOUN] [also N in pl] [disapproval] Repression is the use of force to restrict and control a society or other group of people.
[NOUN] Dissent is strong disagreement or dissatisfaction with a decision or opinion, especially one that is supported by most people or by people in authority.
The elites around the Kim family- almost all revolutionary princelings- know that their own survival is linked to the regime's.
[NOUN] a young prince
[NOUN] A duckling is a young duck.
*외부인이 이해하기 가장 어려운 것은 김정은에 대한 개인 숭배가 인종과 역사에 대한 가장 강력한 신화로부터 흘러나온다는 것이다.
Hardest for an outsider to grasp is that the Kim personality cult flows from powerful myths about race and history.
*Hardest for an outsider to grasp
*personality cult 개인 숭배
*engender [ɪndʒendər] 2
durable [dʊrəbəl] 1
The famine of the late 1990s engendered unprecedented cynicism towards the regime, as well as survival mechanisms that have proved more durable than the state's capacity to stamp them out.
[ADJ] Something that is durable is strong and lasts a long time without breaking or becoming weaker.
*conundrum [kənʌndrəm] 2
prop something up
hard up against
This presents China with a conundrum. The strategists in Beijing have propped up the regime both because they fear instability on their border and even more because they worry about a unified Korea, perhaps with American troops hard up against the Chinese frontier for the first time in over 60years.
[NOUN] [FORMAL] A conundrum is a problem or puzzle which is difficult or impossible to solve.
*to keep something standing or stop something from falling by putting something under or behind it
*똬악 대치 중인
*lead something/somebody down a dead end
On the one hand, the lack of reform is leading North Korea down a dead end.
*~을 막다른 골목으로 가게 만들다.