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Flashcards in Lesson136 Spank No More Deck (25):
1

*In the wake of

In the wake of the recent video showing a Texas judge repeatedly belt-whipping his teen daughter and the recent deaths of young adoptees in Tennessee beaten with flexible tubing as prescribed by a best-selling parenting book, it's workth revewing how mainstream Americans dicpline children.
*coming after and resulting from somebody/something; behind somebody/something

2

*encouraging [ɪnkɜ:rɪdʒiŋ] 2

*in some respects

The most recent national data, obtained by a Gallup telephone poll, was encouraging in some respects.
[ADJ] Something that is encouraging gives people hope or confidence.
*어떤 측면에서는

3

*reason with somebody

wayward [weɪwərd]1

*redirect [ri:dɪrekt, -daɪ-] 1

Almost every parent regularly tries to reason with a wayward child, and nearly three-quarters redirect misbehaving kids into another activity or use time-outs.
[VERB] to talk to somebody in order to persuade them to be more sensible
[ADJ] If you describe a person or their behaviour as wayward, you mean that they behave in a selfish, bad, or unpredictable way, and are difficult to control.
[VERB] If you redirect someone or something, you change their course or destination. (redirect A into B)

4

통화를 통해 실시한 조사에서 응답자의 절반 가량이 맨손으로 아이들의 엉덩이를 때리고 있다고 답하였습니다.

Over the phone to a stranger, roughly half of all respondents admitted to "spanking" on the bottom with a bare hand.
*over the phone: 전화를 통해서
cf) I bought this over the internet.

5

*admit to something (admit to doing something )

Over the phone to a stranger, roughly half of all respondents admitted to "spanking" on the bottom with a bare hand.
*to agree, often unwillingly, that something is true

6

*beat up

About 1 percent of parents said they "beat up" their child, "threw or knocked down" a child, and "hit with a fist or kicked hard," repeating this treatment about once every three months.
*[VERB] [tr, adverb] to strike or kick (a person), usually repeatedly, so as to inflict severe physical damage 패다

7

tacitly< tacit [tæsɪt]1

*approve [əpru:v] 2

corporal punishment

Primary care physicians tacitly approve of corporal punishment.
[ADJ] If you refer to someone's tacit agreement or approval, you mean they are agreeing to something or approving it without actually saying so, often because they are unwilling to admit to doing so.
[VERB] If someone in a position of authority approves a plan or idea, they formally agree to it and say that it can happen.
[NOUN] Corporal punishment is the punishment of people by hitting them.

8

잘 설계된 설문조사에서, 가정주치의의 70%, 소아과의사의 60%가 손뼉으로 아이들의 엉덩이나 손이 큰 자국 없이 잠깐 빨개졌다가 사라질 정도로 때리는 것은 괜찮다고 답하였습니다.

According to well-designed surveys, 70 percent of family physicians and 60 percent of pediatricians think "striking of the child's buttocks or hand with an open hand leaving no mark except transient redness" is fine.
*striking of~: of가 없어도 되지만 씀으로써 명사느낌을 줌.
엉덩이 가격
*wih an open hand: 손바닥으로

9

*buttock [bʌtək] 1

transient [trænʃənt] 1

According to well-designed surveys, 70 percent of family physicians and 60 percent of pediatricians think "striking of the child's buttocks or hand with an open hand leaving no mark except transient redness" is fine.
[NOUN] Your buttocks are the two rounded fleshy parts of your body that you sit on.
[ADJ] [FORMAL] Transient is used to describe a situation that lasts only a short time or is constantly changing.
cf)transient life: 잠깐 왔다 가는 인생.

10

*정상적인 시각에 자러가지 않으려는 8살 아이가 있다고 쳤을 때, 가족담당의의 5분의 1은 그 아이가 맞아야 된다고 하였다.

In a hypothetical scenario of an 8-year-old who refuses to go to bed at the usual time, one in five family physicians think the child should be spanked.
*In a hypothetical scenario of ~라고 가정한 상황에서/~가 있다고 쳤을 때

11

10년 이상의 긴 논의 끝에, 미국소아과학회의 핵심위원회에서는 신체처벌을 전면적으로 비난하지 않기로 결정했습니다.

A key committee of the American Academy of Pediatrics debated spanking for more than 10 years before they decided not to condemn it categorically.
*before의 해석: ~하다가 마침내

12

*condemn [kəndem]2

categorically [kætɪgɒrɪkli] 1

A key committee of the American Academy of Pediatrics debated spanking for more than 10 years before they decided not to condemn it categorically.
[VERB] If you condemn something, you say that it is very bad and unacceptable. 공식적인 비난
[ADJ] If you are categorical about something, you state your views very definitely and firmly.

13

*clash [klæʃ]

whack [hwæk] 1

There was a clash of beliefs, and in the end, the committee condemned htting kids with objects and in the face, but felt whacks on the buttocks were OK.
[VERB] Beliefs, ideas, or qualities that clash with each other are very different from each other and therefore are opposed. Clash is also a noun. [N-COUNT] : [N of n]
[VERB] [INFORMAL] If you whack someone or something, you hit them hard. 웩~웩

14

*under way

Remarkably, however, a powerful trend toward abandoning corporal punishment is already under way.
[ADJ] If an activity is under way, it has already started. If an activity gets under way, it starts.
=have started and be now progressing or taking place

15

지난 두세대에 걸쳐서 신체처벌이 크게 감소하는 추세를 보이고 있습니다.

There has been a dramatic reduction in its use over the past two generations.
*over~에 걸쳐서

16

*endorse [ɪndɔ:rs]2

In the United States, for example, 94 percent of parents endorsed hitting kids in 1968, but only one-half approved by 1999.
[VERB] If you endorse someone or something, you say publicly that you support or approve of them.

17

precede [prɪsi:d] 2

In Sweden, the drop preceded the law against hitting kids.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If one event or period of time precedes another, it happens before it.

18

abound [əbaʊnd]2

Theories abounds.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If things abound, or if a place abounds with things, there are very large numbers of them.

19

*point to

*nanny [næni] 1

맞벌이 부부

Several experts with whom I spoke pointed to tougher law on child abuse, greater use of no-spanking day-care centers and nannies by two profession couples, or beliefs that spanking causes long-term psychological harm.
*to mention something that you think is important and/or the reason why a particular situation exists
(~의 설명의 일환으로) "~을 봐봐"하며 이유를 들다.
[NOUN] A nanny is a woman who is paid by parents to look after their child or children.
*two profession couple

20

*위의 설명 중 어느 것도 그들에게 딱 맞는 거 같아 보이지 않았습니다.

None of the above explanations seemed on target to them.

21

Instead

Instead, they chose not to spank for an entirely practical reason.
*Instead: (앞의) ~이 아니라.

22

많은(소아과 의사들의) 레지던트 생활과 마찬가지로, 나의 레지던트 경험 역시 양육의 실제적 측면들에는 아무런 도움도 되지 못했습니다.(아무것도 포함하지 않았습니다)

As with many pediatrics residencies, mine included nothing on the practical aspects of parenting.
*As with: ~에게 그런 것처럼
*mine 소유대명사=my pediatrics의 쓰임새!
*residency: 하위영역 포함 모든 레지던트신분을 가진 총체

23

convey [kənveɪ] 2

Instead, modern practices of child discipline are conveyed through books, television shows, and other forms of popular culture that have shifted parenting norms.
[VERB] To convey information or feelings means to cause them to be known or understood by someone.
cf) conveyer belt
[VERB] [FORMAL] To convey someone or something to a place means to carry or transport them there.

24

*seek out

*blaze [bleɪz]

When my wife was pregnant with our first child, we sought out books like How To Talk so Kids Will Listen & Listen so Kids Will Talk that followed the path first blazed by Benjamin Spock and T. Berry Brazelton.
[VERB] [tr, adverb] to search hard for and find a specific person or thing
cf)seek:[VERB] [FORMAL] When someone seeks something, they try to obtain it.
cf)find:결과 내용이 이렇더라/find out: 찾아내다.
[PHRASE] If someone blazes a trail, they discover or develop something new. (blaze a trail/ path)

25

august [ɔ:gʌst] 2

immersive [ɪmɜ:sɪv] 2

Mass-marketed child care guides, along with popular shows like ABC’s Supernanny (praised even in the august pages of the journal Pediatrics), offered an immersive curriculum on disciplining children without hitting them.
[ADJ] [FORMAL] Someone or something that is august is dignified and impressive.
[ADJ] providing information or stimulation for a number of senses, not only sight and sound