Lesson137 Why Are Smart People Usually Ugly? Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson137 Why Are Smart People Usually Ugly? Deck (20):
1

똑똑한 사람들이 주로 못생긴 편에 속합니다.

Smart people are usually on the ugly side.
*on the ugly side: 못 생긴 편에 속하다.

2

제가 정말로 뛰어난 그런 사람들에게 악감정 있는 게 아니라는 것을 유념해 주시길 바랍니다.

Keep in mind, I have nothing against people who are really brilliant.
*have nothing against ~에게 악감정이 있다.

3

premise [premɪs] 1

Oh, how the Explainer loves a false premise.
[NOUN] [oft N that] [FORMAL] A premise is something that you suppose is true and that you use as a basis for developing an idea. 전제

4

*When it comes time to

*assemble [əsembəl]2

predicate [predɪkeɪt] 2

*blatant [bleɪtənt] 1

When it comes time to assemble the year-end list, he'll always give extra credit to questions that are predicated on blatant untruths.
* ~할 때가 다가오면(set phrase로 외울 것)
[VERB] When people assemble or when someone assembles them, they come together in a group, usually for a particular purpose such as a meeting.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you say that one situation is predicated on another, you mean that the first situation can be true or real only if the second one is true or real.
cf)명사로는 술부 [predɪkət]1
[ADJ] [emphasis] You use blatant to describe something bad that is done in an open or very obvious way. 뻔한

5

pretend [prɪtend] 2

In 2009, a reader asked, Why is it always funny to put something on your head as a pretend hat?
[adj][Informal] Imitation; make-believe아닌데 그런척하는것

6

하지만 올해 선정된 질문은 잘못 제기 되었을 뿐만 아니라 완전히 진실을 거꾸로 이해하고 있습니다.

But this year's winning question isn't merely ill-posed; it gets the truth exactly backward.
*pose a question: 질문을 제기하다
-->ill-posed: 잘못 제기된
*get: 이해하다(ex: I get it.)

7

subtle [sʌtəl] 1

* inquiry [ɪnkwaɪəri] 2

The idea that an ugly face might hide a subtle mind has attracted scientific inquiries for many years.
[ADJ] A subtle person cleverly uses indirect methods to achieve something.
[NOUN] An inquiry is a question which you ask in order to get some information. 의문, 호기심

8

*At first,

At first, scientists wanted to know whether it was possible to read someone's intelligence from the shape of his face.
*At first: 처음에"는"

9

*run a experiment

headshot

A couple of years later, a Pittsburgh psychologist ran a similar experiment using headshots of 69 employees from a department store.
*연구/실험/테스트를 돌리다(run을 쓴다는거에 유의)
*얼굴사진

10

denote [dɪnoʊt] 2

feeble-mindedness
cf) feeble [fi:bəl]1

The Ohio researcher said that some of his subjects were "greatly influenced by the pleasant appearance or smile, but for some the smile denotes intelligence and for others it denotes feeble-mindedness."
*but for some/ for others
[VERB] [FORMAL] If one thing denotes another, it is a sign or indication of it. =show
[NOUN] Offensive Deficient in intelligence. 완곡어법
[ADJ] If you describe someone or something as feeble, you mean that they are weak.

11

*follow-up

lustre [lʌstər] 1

The author of the follow-up in Pittsburgh wondered if the secret of intelligence might not be lurking in "the lustre of the eye."
[NOUN] A follow-up is something that is done to continue or add to something done previously.
[NOUN] Lustre is gentle shining light that is reflected from a surface, for example from polished metal.

12

suffuse [səfju:z] 2

In 1920, Thorndike published his theory of the "halo effect," according to which subjects, when asked to describe someone's various qualities, tend to "[suffuse] ratings of special features with a halo belonging to the individual as a whole."
[VERB] [FORMAL] If something such as a book, film, or piece of music is suffused with a quality, it is full of that quality.

13

physique [fɪzi:k] 2

bearing [beərɪŋ] 1

tact [tækt] 1

*assign high or low ratings [əsaɪn] 2

across the board

If they were describing the person's physique, for example, along with his bearing, intelligence, and tact, they would assign high or low ratings across the board.
[NOUN] Someone's physique is the shape and size of their body.
[NOUN] [usu poss N] [LITERARY] Someone's bearing is the way in which they move or stand. 태도, 자세
[NOUN] Tact is the ability to avoid upsetting or offending people by being careful not to say or do things that would hurt their feelings. 요령 cf)tactful: 요령 있는
*점수를 준다고 할 때도 assign을 쓸 수 있다
*affecting everything or everyone in a society, an organization, etc., equally 전반적으로

14

gauge [geɪdʒ]1

size up

First, scientists knew that it was possible to gauge someone's intelligence just by sizing him up.
[VERB] If you gauge the speed or strength of something, or if you gauge an amount, you measure or calculate it, often by using a device of some kind.
*to form a judgement or an opinion of somebody/something

15

literature [lɪtərətʃʊr] 1

*positive relationship

Here the data were less clear, but several reviews of the literature have concluded that there is indeed a small, positive relationship between beauty and brains.
[NOUN] [usu with supp] The literature on a particular subject of study is all the books and articles that have been published about it. 문헌
*비례 관계

16

Longitudinal [lɒndʒɪtu:dɪnəl] 1 3

Most recently, the evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa pulled huge datasets from two sources—the National Child Development Study in the United Kingdom and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health in the United States—both of which included ratings of physical attractiveness and scores on standard intelligence tests.
[ADJ] A longitudinal line or structure goes from one end of an object to the other rather than across it from side to side.
주로 longitudinal study로 많이 쓰이며, 종단 연구
cf)Longtitude 경도 Latitude 위도 Altitude 고도

17

심지어 가족력 및 인종, 체형을 고려했음에도 이 관계는 변하지 않고 계속 되었습니다.

The relationship held even when he controlled for family background, race, and body size.

18

hold

control for

The relationship held even when he controlled for family background, race, and body size.
*hold: 그 상태로 계속 가다
cf) hold on 기다려, 잠깐만( 이 끈을 놓치마)
*~의 고려하여 수정해서 보다
cf)When controlled for inflation, people earn, on average, three times more than they did 30 years ago.

19

caveat [keɪviæt]1

*complication [kɒmplɪkeɪʃən] 1 3

The story does have some caveats and complications.
[NOUN] [FORMAL] A caveat is a warning of a specific limitation of something such as information or an agreement
[NOUN] A complication is a problem or difficulty that makes a situation harder to deal with.

20

그녀가 말하길 못생긴 사람들이 특히 아둔하다는 경향이 있는 것만큼 잘생긴 사람이 특별히 똑똑하다라는 게 아니라고 했습니다.

It's not that beautiful people are especially smart, she says, so much as that ugly people are especially dumb.
*so much as: (idiomatic, ) Even; suggests a minimum, especially regarding what might be expected.