Lesson82 Googling the censors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson82 Googling the censors Deck (13)
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repressive [rɪpresɪv] 2
toil [tɔɪl]
shadow [ʃædoʊ] 1
deniability [dinàiəbíləti]

In most repressive countries, government censors like to toil in the shadows, maintaining a cover of deniability as they block citizens' access to information.
[ADJ] [disapproval] A repressive government is one that restricts people's freedom and controls them by using force.
[VERB] [LITERARY] When people toil, they work very hard doing unpleasant or tiring tasks.
[NOUN] [oft in N] Shadow is darkness in a place caused by something preventing light from reaching it.
[미] (고위 인사의 정치적 스캔들 등의) 관련 사실 부인; 진술 거부(권)


gratify [grætɪfaɪ] 1

It is gratifying to see that the Internet and Google are making their job tougher.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure or satisfaction.


unveil [ʌnveɪl] 1 2
take something down

Four months ago, Google unveiled a tool that allows users to monitor the requests received from governments to take down material or report data on the users of their search engine and other services.
[VERB] If you unveil a plan, new product, or some other thing that has been kept secret, you introduce it to the public.
*(computing) to remove a website or material on a website from the Internet


overt [oʊvɜ:rt] 1 2
curtail [kɜ:rteɪl] 2

This month, it released another tool that will expose less overt attempts by governments to curtail its various services, including YouTube and Gmail.
[ADJ] An overt action or attitude is done or shown in an open and obvious way.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you curtail something, you reduce or limit it.


dispute [dɪspju:t] 2
cf)indisputable [ɪndɪspju:təbəl] 1 3
/undisputed [ʌndɪspju:tɪd] 1 3

The new tracker show how traffic on YouTube in Iran fell to zero after the disputed presidential election last year.
cf)He disputes that: 그는 그게 아니라고 하더라.
cf)The undisputed champion at the UFC:누가봐도 챔피언
[VERB] If you dispute a fact, statement, or theory, you say that it is incorrect or untrue. 그게 아니야라고 언쟁하는 느낌.
[NOUN] A dispute is an argument or disagreement between people or groups.
[ADJ] [emphasis] If you say that something is indisputable, you are emphasizing that it is true and cannot be shown to be untrue.
[ADJ] If you describe someone as the undisputed leader or champion, you mean that everyone accepts their position as leader or champion.


the ebb [eb] and flow (of somebody/something)
directive [daɪrektɪv, dɪr-] 2

The tracker shows the evvs and flows of traffic but not the cause of disruptions- whether a government directive or a cut cable.
*the repeated, often regular, movement from one state to another; the repeated change in level, numbers or amount
[NOUN] A directive is an official instruction that is given by someone in authority. (authority가 있어야 함.)


For starters
vehicle [vi:ɪkəl] 1
disseminate [dɪsemɪneɪt] 2
dissent [dɪsent] 2

For starters, it suggests that repressive governments are most fearful of Youtube- an effective vehicle to disseminate dissenting views and evidence of government repression.
*=for a starter=to begin with=for one thing=first off.
[NOUN] [usu with supp, oft N for n] You can use vehicle to refer to something that you use in order to achieve a particular purpose.
[VERB] [FORMAL] To disseminate information or knowledge means to distribute it so that it reaches many people or organizations. (목적어 information/knowledge/views에 한정됨,)
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you dissent, you express disagreement with a decision or opinion, especially one that is supported by most people or by people in authority.


pore [pɔ:r] through/over

Once researchers start poring through the data, they will be able to track more precisely governments efforts to clamp down on information.
[VERB] If you pore over or through information, you look at it and study it very carefully.


조사자들이 정보를 면밀이 조사하는 것(this)이 특이 정부당국에게 창피를 주어 태도를 바꾸게 함으로써 검열을 못하게 할 수 있다고 구글 관계자가 말합니다.

Google officials say this could even deter censorship, perhaps by embarrassing authorities into changing their ways. *into의 사용!


deter [dɪtɜ:r] 2

Google officials say this could even deter censorship, perhaps by embarrassing authorities into changing their ways
[VERB] To deter someone from doing something means to make them not want to do it or continue doing it.


1. 걔를 말로 설득해서 날 찍게 만들어

I talked him into voting for me.


2. 경찰이 무고한 시위대를 무력으로 진압하고 있다.

Police are clamping down on protesters by force.


3. 그 선생님으 배울게 많은 사람이다. 먼저, 선생님은 항상 열심이다.

You have a lot to learn from the teacher. For starters, he is always hard-working (or he is full of enthusiasm)