Lesson83 Cost and Lack of Awareness Hamper Adult Vaccination Efforts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson83 Cost and Lack of Awareness Hamper Adult Vaccination Efforts Deck (15):
1

near [nɪər]

In California, where the infections are nearing a record high, nine infants have died.
cf)We're nearing the end of people dying from lovesickness. =점점 끝으로 치닫고 있다.
[VERB] [no passive] When someone or something nears a particular stage or point, they will soon reach that stage or point.

2

shot [ʃɒt]
cf)inoculate [ɪnɒkjʊleɪt] 2

It is likely that some of those children had not received all their shots, experts say.
cf)She was not inoculated against pneumonia.
[NOUN] [usu N of n] A shot of a drug is an injection of it.
[VERB] To inoculate a person or animal means to inject a weak form of a disease into their body as a way of protecting them against the disease. =vaccinate

3

주사를 2번 맞지 않으면 그들은 백일해(심하게 기침하는 것)를 면역력이 약한 아이들에게 전달할 수 있는 위험이 있습니다.
cf)그는 그녀를 구하기 위해 그 자신의 목숨을 걸었다.
cf2)너 그러다가 네 베프 잃을 수 있어.

Without it, they risk passing this illness to vulnerable children.
*risk~ing: ~할 수 있는 위험이 있다.
cf)He risked his own life to save hers. to를 쓰기도 하지만
cf2)You are risking losing your best friend now.

4

far too few

Far too few get them(vaccines): 너무나 적은 수의 사람들이 백신을 맞았습다.
*너무나 적은 수

5

as many as

The C.D.C. recommends that people 19 and older receive immunizations *against *as many as 14 infectious diseases.
*as many as=up to
:used to show surprise that the number of people or things involved is so large

6

step [step] on
rusty [rʌsti] 1

Yet most adults rarelt think about getting the shots.--until they step on a rusty nail or begin planning travel to a developing country.
[VERB] If you step on something or step in a particular direction, you put your foot on the thing or move your foot in that direction.
[ADJ] [usu ADJ n] A rusty metal object such as a car or a machine is covered with rust, which is a brown substance that forms on iron or steel when it comes into contact with water.

7

shingles [ʃɪŋɡ əlz]1

Only 7 percent of Americans over age 60, for instance, have received the herpes zoster vaccine, which prevents shingles, a painful nerve infection.
[NOUN] [functioning as singular] an acute viral disease affecting the ganglia of certain nerves, characterized by inflammation, pain, and skin eruptions along the course of the affected nerve 대상포진

8

behind [bɪhaɪnd]

Whay are adults so behind on vaccinations?
[PREP] If something is behind a thing or person, it is on the other side of them from you, or nearer their back rather than their front.

9

fail [feɪl]

Doctors often fail to remind patients that they require booster shots, and consumers are not well informed about the need.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If someone or something fails to do a particular thing that they should have done, they do not do it.

10

의사들은 종종 황자들에게 다시 백신을 받는 것이 필요하다는 것을 상기시켜줘야 하지만 그렇지 않고 있으며, 사람들은 그 필요성에 대해서 잘 모르고 있다.

Doctors often fail to remind patients that they require booster shots, and consumers are not well informed about the need.

11

free of charge

Under the law, group and individual health plans, as well as Medicare, must provide preventive health services, including immunizations recommended by the C.D.C. free of charge.
*공짜로

12

이것은 주의해야 합니다.

Here's the catch.

13

phenomenallypreserve [prɪzɜ:rv] 2
cf)conserve 동사 [美kən|s3:rv] 명사 [美|kɑ:ns3:rv]

Immunizations are also a phenomenally cost-effective way to preserve health.
[ADJ] [emphasis] Something that is phenomenal is so great or good that it is very unusual indeed.
[VERB] If you preserve a situation or condition, you make sure that it remains as it is, and does not change or end.
[VERB] If you conserve a supply of something, you use it carefully so that it lasts for a long time.

14

modest [mɒdɪst] 1

When you compare the cost of getting sick with these diseases to the cost of a vaccine, it's a modest investment.
[ADJ] You use modest to describe something such as an amount, rate, or improvement which is fairly small.

15

심한 감기나 폐렴으로 결국 응급실에 가게 된다면, 거기에 수천달러를 지불해야 할 겁니다.

If you end up in the emergency room with a bad case of the flu or pneumonia, your bill could be thousands of dollars.
*end up in/ *a bad case of the flu: 제대로 걸린 독감
*your bill~이라고 한 점등에 유의.