Lesson84 Rediscovering the First Miracle Drug Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson84 Rediscovering the First Miracle Drug Deck (24):
1

몇 개월에 한번 어떤 명약들이 환호 속에 출시됩니다만, 한 세대에 한 두 번만 진짜 제대로 된 약이 나옵니다.

Every few months some miracle drug or other is rolled out with bells and confetti, but only once or twice in a generation does the real thing come along.
*the real thing. 마지막 문장 도치!
*come along(시간의 흐름에 따라) 나오다.

2

roll out

with bells and confetti [kənfeti] 2

Every few months some miracle drug or other is rolled out with bells and confetti, but only once or twice in a generation does the real thing come along.
*to make a new product available for people to buy or us=launch.
**환호를 받으며
[NOUN] Confetti is small pieces of coloured paper that people throw over the bride and bridegroom at a wedding.

3

virtually [vɜ:rtʃuəli] 1

These are the blockbuster medications that can virtually raise the dead, and while the debuts of some, like the AIDS drugs, are still fresh in memory, the birth of the first one is almost forgotten.
[ADV] You can use virtually to indicate that something is so nearly true that for most purposes it can be regarded as true.

4

(살아남은) 몇개의 약들은 죽은 자도 살아나게 한다할만큼 대박친 약들이며 에이즈약과 같은 몇 개의 약들의 출시가 아직도 기억에 생생할 때, 첫 번째 대박 약의 등장은 거의 잊혀져가고 있었다.

These are the blockbuster medications that can virtually raise the dead, and while the debuts of some, like the AIDS drugs, are still fresh in memory, the birth of the first one is almost forgotten.
*still fresh in memory: 아직도 기억에 생생하다.

5

speak of something
cf) speak/talk of the devil

resurrection [rezərekʃən] 1

With insulin, dying children laughed and played again, as parents wept and doctors spoke of biblical resurrections.
* (formal,literary) to be evidence of something; to suggest something
cf) said when somebody who has just been mentioned appears unexpectedly
[NOUN] In Christian belief, the Resurrection is the event in which Jesus Christ came back to life after he had been killed.

6

에스겔이 마른 뼈들의 환상에서처럼, 인슐린이 산 해골에 살을 붙여줍니다.

As in Ezekiel’s vision of the dry bones, it actually put flesh on living skeletons.

7

그 기적은 거기까지였습니다. 인슐린은 완치제가 아닙니다.

But, the miracle went only so far.
*go only so far: 한계가 있다. 거기까지다.
so far:up to this point; up to now

8

오늘날 보건부는 당뇨병을 제 5 사망요인 중 하나로 봅니다.

Today the health department lists diabetes among the city's top five killers.
*list/count something among
*제 1 사망요인=the leading cause of death=the number one killer= the biggest killer.

9

인슐린이 결국 짧은 죽음에 이르는 병을 길고 만성적인 투쟁으로 만들었습니다.

What insulin did was turn a brief, deadly illness into a long, chronic struggle.
*turn something into
*do로 끝나는 것 다음에는 to가 오지 않음
cf)All I want to do is just go home and get some sleep.
What I want you to do is come on time.

10

20세기 초, 각기 다른 대여섯개의 연구팀이 췌장에서 생성되는 호르몬인 인슐린을 마찬가지로 췌장에서 생성되는 다른 소화 효소와 따로 분리해서 추출해 내기 위해 열심히 노력하고 있었습니다.

In the first decades of the 20th century, half a dozen different research groups were hot on the trail of insulin, a hormone manufactured in the pancreas but difficult to separate out from the digestive enzymes also made there.

11

be (hot) on the trail of

pancreas [pæŋkriəs] 1

In the first decades of the 20th century, half a dozen different research groups were hot on the trail of insulin, a hormone manufactured in the pancreas but difficult to separate out from the digestive enzymes also made there.
*(발바닥에 땀나도록 따라가다): to be trying to find someone or something by getting information about them
[NOUN] Your pancreas is an organ in your body that is situated behind your stomach. It produces insulin and substances that help your body digest food. 췌장

12

either way

Either way, sugar and starch in the diabetic's diet turn into poison, clogging the bloodstream with unusable glucose.
*used to say that it does not matter which one of two possibilities happens, is chosen or is true. 이쪽이건, 저쪽이건
cf) clogged roads: 교통체증이 심한 도로.

13

체내의 세포가 풍요 속의 빈곤에 시달리며 말 그대로 굶주리는 와중에 포도당은 단 맛을 띠는 소변으로 배출됩니다.

The glucose is eliminated in sweet-tasting urine as the body's cells literally starve in the midst of plenty.
*starve in the midst of plenty: 풍요로움 속에서 기아에 허덕이다.

14

deficient [dɪfɪʃənt] 2

ravenous [rævənəs] 1

Insulin-deficient patients are both thirsty and ravenous.
[ADJ] [usu v-link ADJ, usu ADJ in n] [FORMAL] If someone or something is deficient in a particular thing, they do not have the full amount of it that they need in order to function normally or work properly.
[ADJ] If you are ravenous, you are extremely hungry.

15

하지만 먹으면 먹을 수록 그들은 더 피폐해져갑니다.

The more they eat, the faster they waste away.
cf) The more friends you have, the higher chance you have~
뒤에 문장 구조가 같아야 한다는 점 명심.

16

waste away

cf)gaunt [gɔ:nt]

The more they eat, the faster they waste away.
*to grow thin or weak because you are not in good health
[ADJ] If someone looks gaunt, they look very thin, usually because they have been very ill or worried.

17

인슐린이 개발되기 전, 의사들은 이러한 연쇄적 관계를 파악하고는 임시 치료책을 마련해 냈습니다.

Before insulin was available, doctors understood enough of this sequence to cobble together a stopgap treatment.
*understand enough of this sequence

18

cobble together

stopgap [stɒpgæp] 1

Before insulin was available, doctors understood enough of this sequence to cobble together a stopgap treatment.
*to put something together or to make something quickly or carelessly, with whatever time and materials you have available 뚝딱뚝딱
[NOUN] A stopgap is something that serves a purpose for a short time, but is replaced as soon as possible.

19

당뇨병 환자들은 당분, 탄수화물 없이 생존에 필요한 최소 칼로리로만 구성되어 있는 샐러드, 달걀 위주 식단을 제공받았습니다.

Diabetics were put on salad- and egg- based diets devoid of sugar and starch, with only the minimum number of calories needed to survive.

20

원래도 말랐던 환자들이 더욱 더 비쩍 말라가긴 했지만, 이들의 피와 소변에서 검출되던 포도당이 사라졌으며 결과적으로 당시 치료를 받지 않았던 환자들에 비해 훨씬 오래 살아남을 수 있었습니다.

Already thin, these patients became skeletal, but the excess glucose disappeared from their blood and urine, and they survived far longer than untreated contemporaries.
*already thin이라고 한 점이 좋다.
[ADJ] A skeletal person is so thin that you can see their bones through their skin.

21

was and remains ~

Boston clinic was and remains a renowned diabetes center.
*예전에도 그랬고 지금도 ~이다.

22

be just about the weight of her bones and a human soul.

Dr.Elliott Joslin, whose Boston clinic was and remains a renowned diabetes center, recalled that before insulin one of his dieting patients was "just about the weight of her bones and a human soul."

23

authority [ɔ:tɔ:rɪti] 2

The other great authority on diet therapy was New York's Dr.Frederick Allen, now long forgotten, who founded a residential hospital for diabetics.
[NOUN] [oft the N] The authorities are the people who have the power to make decisions and to make sure that laws are obeyed. 사람을 지칭할 때는 영향력과 존경심의 뜻을 내포한다.

24

1919년, 딸 Elizabeth가 11세의 나이에 당뇨 진단을 받자 저명한 미 법률전문가이자 대법원 대법관이었던 Charles Evans Hughes가 찾아간 사람이 바로 Allen 박사였습니다.

It was to Dr. Allen that the eminent American jurist and Supreme Court justice Charles Evans Hughes turned when his daughter Elizabeth was diagnosed with diabetes in 1919, at age 11.
* turn to~:~에게 관심을 돌리다.
*jurist 법률 전문가/justice: 대법관
*be diagnosed with!