level 4 test 3 9/23 Flashcards Preview

4 8 21 > level 4 test 3 9/23 > Flashcards

Flashcards in level 4 test 3 9/23 Deck (11):
1

Anthrax

B Tx early ABT & antitoxin VAC-Military only. STANDARD
Inhalation: SOB, fever, N/V, shock, respiratory failure,
Toxins cause hemorrhage + lung tissue destruction
Cutaneous: Black depressed ulcer Intestinal: Hematemesis, Diarrhea

2

PLague

B DROPLET Tx-early ABT. NO VAC. Bubonic: extreme lymph node pain + swelling Pneumonic: chest pain, hemoptysis
Septic: Most deadly form. RAT -FLEE-BACTERIA

3

Small pox

V, DROPLET tx-supportive care has vaccine.Pox (pustular vesicles lesions) all in same stage of development. Mostly head +extremities Fever, HA, back ache, vomiting

4

Tularemia

B. STANDARD. TX-early ABT NO VAC. Flu-like symptoms (fever, chills, HA, cough) red + swollen eyes, skin ulcers, swollen painful lymph, pneumonia.
RABBIT-TICK-BACTERIA

5

botulism

B. STANDARD TX-antitoxin, mechanical vent and supportive. No Vac.Difficulty speaking, seeing, + swallowing.
Drooping eyelids, weakness in trunk moving to limbs.
Paralysis --> Respiratory Failure

6

Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Ebola & Marburg virus

V AIRBORNE. TX- SUPPORTIVE care,possibly some antiviral NO VAC.Hemorrhage of tissues and organs, N/V, shock, fever, HA

7

Acute Radiation Syndrome

VERY SMALL PARTICLES STANDARD. Tx reverse isolation, remove clothes and cleanse skins, potassium iodine NO VAC.3 phases: Prodromal, Latent, Illness Symptoms dependent on dose of radiation – Bone marrow suppression-RBC, ↓WBC, ↓Platelets N/V, bleeding, bruising GI symptoms + Neuro

8

water seal bubbling

air leak bad

9

cardiogenic

heart is failing. Increase wedge pressure (preload R), cvp (preload L) TX-CVP monitor, limit fluids, positive imatropic-dopamine and vasodilator

10

sepsis

systemic inflammatory response to a documented or suspected infection

11

septic shock

presence of sepsis with hypotension despite fluidresuscitation