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Flashcards in Levels of Organisation Deck (25):
1

What are the major organs in the integumentary system?

Skin
Hair
Sweat glands
Nails

2

What are the key functions of the integumentary system?

1) Protects against environmental hazards
2) helps regulate body temperature
3) Provides sensory information

3

What are the major organs of the skeletal system?

Bones
Cartilages
Associated ligaments
Bone marrow

4

What are the key functions of the skeletal system?

1) Provides support and protection for other tissues
2) Stores calcium and other minerals
3) Forms blood cells

5

What are the major organs of the muscular system?

Skeletal muscles and associated tendons

6

What are the key functions of the muscular system?

1) Provides movement
2) Provides protection and support for other tissues
3) Generates heat that maintains body temperature

7

What are the major organs of the nervous system?

Brain
Spinal cord
Peripheral nerves
Sense organs

8

What are the key functions of the nervous system?

1) Directs immediate responses to stimuli
2) Coordinates or moderates activities of other organ systems
3) Provides and interprets sensory information about external conditions

9

What are the major organs of the endocrine system?

Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Pancreas
Adrenal glands
Gonads
Endocrine tissues in other systems

10

What are the key functions of the endocrine system?

1) Directs long-term changes in the activities of other organ systems
2) Adjusts metabolic activity and energy is by the body
3) Controls many structural and functional changes during development

11

What are the major organs of the cardiovascular system?

Heart
Blood
Blood vessels

12

What are the key functions of the cardiovascular system?

1) Distributes blood cells, water and dissolved materials including nutrients, waste products, oxygen and carbon dioxide
2) Distributes heat and assists in control of body temperature

13

What are the major organs of the lymphatic system?

Spleen
Thymus
Lymphatic vessels
Lymph Nodes
Tonsils

14

What are the key functions of the lymphatic system?

1) Defends against infection and disease
2) Returns tissue fluid to the bloodstream

15

What are the major organs of the respiratory system?

Nasal cavities
Sinuses
Larynx
Trachea
Bronchi
Lungs
Alveoli

16

What are they key functions of the respiratory system?

1) Delivers air to alveoli (sites in lungs where gas exchange occurs)
2) Provides oxygen to bloodstream
3) Removes carbon dioxide from the bloodstream
4) Produces sounds for communication

17

What are the major organs of the digestive system?

Teeth
Tongue
Pharynx
Oesophagus
Stomach
Small Intestine
Large Intestine
Liver
Gallbladder
Pancreas

18

What are the key functions of the digestive system?

1) Processes and digests food
2) Absorbs and conserves water
3) Absorbs nutrients
4) Stores energy reserves

19

What are the major organs of the urinary system?

Kidneys
Ureters
Urethra
Bladder

20

What are the key functions of the urinary system?

1) Excretes waste products from the blood
2) Controls water balance by regulating volume of urine produced
3) Stores urine prior to voluntary elimination
4) Regulates blood ion concentration and pH

21

What are the major organs of the male reproductive system?

Testes
Prostate gland
Epididymides
Seminal gland
Penis
Scrotum

22

What are the key functions of the male reproductive system?

1) Produces male sex cells (Sperm), suspending fluids and hormones
2) Sexual intercourse

23

What are the major organs of the female reproductive system?

Ovaries
Uterine tubes
Uterus
Vagina
Labia
Clitoris
Mammary glands

24

What are the key functions of the female reproductive system?

1) Produces female sex cells (oocytes) and hormones
2) Supports developing embryo from conception to delivery
3) Provides milk to nourish newborn infant
4) Sexual intercourse

25

What are the names of all the organ systems?

1) Integumentary system
2) Skeletal system
3) Muscular system
4) Endocrine system
5) Lymphatic system
6) Urinary system
7) Nervous system
8) Digestive system
9) Reproductive (male & female) system
10) Cardiovascular system
11) Respiratory system