LG4.8 Lump/Mass Musculoskeletal Scheme Presentation and LG4.9 Lump/Mass/Hernia Musculoskeletal Cases – Dr. Crutchfield Flashcards Preview

NMSK A Test 2 > LG4.8 Lump/Mass Musculoskeletal Scheme Presentation and LG4.9 Lump/Mass/Hernia Musculoskeletal Cases – Dr. Crutchfield > Flashcards

Flashcards in LG4.8 Lump/Mass Musculoskeletal Scheme Presentation and LG4.9 Lump/Mass/Hernia Musculoskeletal Cases – Dr. Crutchfield Deck (24):
1

What is cytology?

The study of cells

2

What is panendoscopy?

Complete physical examination of the head and neck by pharyngoscopy, laryngoscopy, and upper GI endoscopy.

3

What is a virchow's node?

- Lump in the supraclavicular fossa
-Shows breast cancer in females
-Shows lung cancer in men

4

What is prune belly syndrome?

NO abdominal muscles, undescended tests, urinary tract abnormalities

5

What is a inguinal hernia?

-Lump in the inguinal area......
-Physical exam 1st, then imaging, treat with true support or surgery.
-Defect in fascia

6

What is an umbilical hernia?

-"Outie", congenital or acquired
- Obesity, heavy lifting

7

What is an incisional hernia?

Fascial defect from a prior operation

8

What is diastasis recti?

No fascial defect, no repair needed, looks like a lump on the abdomen when head is flexed.

9

What is lumbar hernia?

Rare, congenital or acquired

10

What is Grynfeltt-Lesshaft?

Superior lumbar triangle, quadratus lumbrum, 12th rib, internal oblique

11

What is Petit's?

Inferior lumbar triangle, latisimus dorsi, external oblique, and iliac crest.

12

What is a ventral hernia?

-Congenital or acquired
-anywhere on the ventral side of the abdomen.

13

What is a Spigelian hernia?

-On the line of Davis
-Special type of ventral hernia occurring at the semi lunar line and lateral to the rectus musculature.
-Level of the umbilicus or below

14

What is a sarcoma?

Diagnose via muscle biopsy

15

What is osteoma?

-treat with excision, or chemo/radiation, if osteosarcoma
-abnormal bony growth

16

What is a rectus sheath hematoma?

-Bleeding into rectus sheath
-treat with abdominal binder and bed rest
-Imaging should be engaged to rule out major trauma
-Blood thinners may cause spontaneous into rectus sheath

17

What is Gastrointestinal stromal tumor?

-Derived from mesenchyme.
-Genetic factor is C-kit pathway gene

18

What is Endometrius of Rectus Muscle?

-Lump or pain in a scar
-Mass in abdominal muscle
-Treat with hormone therapy or surgery

19

What is leiomyoma?

Tumor of the uterus

20

What is a Psoas muscle abscesses?

-Uncommon
-Treat with Abx and drainage
-Debride if associated with necrotizing fasciitis
-If unsure aspirate

21

What is a ruptured achilles tendon?

-Males more than female
-Treatment with conservative methods of surgery
-Usually very obvious

22

What is a closed fracture?

broken bone can cause bump

23

What are the three types of biopsies?

1) Core needle biopsy- used for breast tumor
2) Leather punch biopsy- Used for melanoma

24

What are the complications of biopsies?

Bleeding, infections, hematoma, scarring