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Flashcards in Lice And Ticks Deck (61)
0

What family do the biting live belong to?

Mallophaga

1

What do Mallophaga lice look like?

Rounded head, six legs, three body parts

2

What is the dog biting louse?

Trichodectes canis

3

What does trichodectes cause? 3

Irritation dermatitis rough hair coat

4

Trichodectes is the intermediate host for what?

Dipylidium caninum

5

What are live eggs called!

Nitts

6

Where are trichodectes found?

On the surface

7

How can you diagnose trichodectes?

Examine hair coat

8

How do you control tricjodectes?

Apply topical insecticide for three weeks and treat multiple times

9

What is the family called for sucking lice?

Anoplura

10

How long do sucking lice live?

Four weeks

11

What is the dog sucking louse?

Linognathus setosus

12

What does linognathus setosus cause? 4

Irritation, dermatitis, rough hair coat anemia

13

How do you diagnose linognathus setosus?

Examine coat for adults nymphs or eggs

14

How do you control linognathus setosus?

Apply topical insecticide

15

What will happen on the first host of a three host tick?

Rick will go from larva to nymph

16

What will happen on the second host of a three host tick

Tick will go from nymph to adult

17

What will happen on the third host of a three host tick?

Adult will engorge and lay eggs, larva will move to a new host

18

What host will have nymphs?

1

19

What host will have nymphs and adults?

2

20

What host will have adults, engorged femals, and eggs?

Host 3

21

What does acanuasis mean?

Mite and tick infestations that are not host specific and may have 1-3 hosts

22

What are hard ticks called?

Ixodidae

23

What are soft ticks called?

Argasidae

24

What is the hard shell on a tick called?

Scutum

25

What sex engorged with Ixodidae ticks?

Female

26

What sex enforces with soft ticks?

Both

27

What is the brown dog tick called?

Rhipicephalus sanguineas

28

What does the town dog tick cause? 3

Irritation, anemia, Rick paralysis

29

How do you diagnose the brown dog tick?

Finding tick on skin/hair coat

30

How do you control the brown dog tick?

Treat host with topical antoparasitic

31

What causes Lyme disease?

Bacterial infection from borrelia burgorferi

32

What is the vector for Lyme disease?

Tick

33

Where is the bacteria reservoir?

Wildlife reservoirs that cause no clinical disease in animals

34

What do humans show with Lyme disease? 5

Erythema migrans, fatigue, fever, headache, muscle and joint pain

35

What can develope without treatment of Lyme disease 3

Arthritis, CNS, and cardiac problems

36

What will domesticate animals show with Lyme disease? 5

Fever, anorexia, swollen lymph nodes, lameness, fatigue

37

What is the incubation period for Lyme disease?

3-32 days for appearance of Papules

38

How is Lyme disease transmitted?

Bite of infected ixodes

39

How is Lyme disease diagnosed? 4

History, shndrome, serology, culture of blood or tissue biopsy

40

What will happen to patients treat in the early stages of Lyme disease?

Will recover rapidly and completely

41

What patients may have persistent or recurrent symptoms of Lyme disease?

Patients diagnosed later in Lyme disease

42

What can happen with long term antibiotic treatment of Lyme disease?

Complications and including death

43

How do you control and prevent Lyme disease? 3

Avoid tick bites
Control ticks around house
Manage wildlife
Seek medical help after bites

44

What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?

Tick transmitted by rickettsia rickettsii

45

What are two types of transmission for Rocky mt spotted fever

Transovarial transmission and transracial transmission

46

What is transovarial transmission?

Generation to generation

47

What is transtadial tans mission?

Same time period

48

Where is Rocky mt spotted fever most prevalent in?

South Atlantic state and Midwest

49

What is the primary way RMSF spread in nature?

Transovarial

50

How long do ticks need to be attached to spread the disease?

5-20 hours

51

What will humans show with RMSF? 7

Fever, myalgia, headache, chills, skin rash on extremities, capillary damage, liver disease

52

Do wild animals show signs of RMSF?

No

53

What will domestic animals show with RMSF? 7

Fever, anorexia, swollen lymph nodes, dyspnea, abdominal pain, edema in face an extremities, conjunctival bleeding and retina damage

54

What is the incubation period for RMSF?

3-14 days

55

What is the mode of transmission for RMSF?

Bite of infected tick
Contact of skin it mucous membranes with tick body fluids

56

What two ticks carry RMSF?

Dermacenter variabilis, Andersoni

57

Which tick transmits RMSF in the western United States?

The wood tick (Dermacenter Andersoni)

58

How do you treat RMSF? 4

History of tick bite, rash, fever, serology

59

What is the treatment for RMSF?

Antibiotics

60

What are four ways to control and prevent RMSF?

Wear protective clothing
Use tick repellents
Check yourself and dog for ticks
Clear brush from residential area