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Flashcards in Limitations Deck (73):
1

Max Altitude (PA)

Max Altitude ... 37,000 feet

2

Max Operating Temperature

Max Operating Temp:
ISA + 35 degC

3

True Air Temp (TAT) in Cruise above 25,000 feet is limited to ________

True Air Temp (TAT) in Cruise above 25,000 feet is limited to:
- 45 degC

4

Landing Gear:
Vlo (retraction) -
Vlo (extension) -
Vle (extended) -

Landing Gear (KIAS):
Vlo (retraction) ... 200
Vlo (extension) ... 250
Vle (extended) ... 250

5

Max Operating Vmo/Mmo

Max Operating Vmo/Mmo:
0 - 8000 ft ...
-- 250 KIAS (XR 300)
10k - FL260 ft ...
-- 320 KIAS
FL260 - FL370 ...
-- 0.78 Mach (XR 0.80M)

6

Maneuvering Va

Maneuvering Va = 200 KIAS ( * 1 )
--- notes ---
1. rapid and large alternating control inputs, especially in combination with large changes in pitch, roll, or yaw (large side-slip angles) may result in structural failures at any speed, even below Va

7

Flaps Extended VFE

LR/LRE / XR / XR>10k
-----------------/--------/ w/YD off
F 09 = 250 / 250 / 250
F 18 = ---- / 200 / 200
F 22 = 200 / 200 / 180
F 45 = 145 / 160 / 145

8

Tailwind

Tailwind -
10 kts Maximum for Take-off and Landing

9

Direct Vision Window
(Max A/S to Remove)

Direct Vision Window -
Max to Remove ...
140 KIAS (AFM)

10

Windshield Wiper
(Max A/S to Operate)

Windshield Wiper
Max A/S for Operation ...
170 KIAS (AFM)

11

Turbulent Air Penetration
(AFM)

Turbulent Air Penetration =
= or < 10,000' = 200
> 10,000' = 250 / 0.63 M*
( * whichever is lower)

12

Max Ramp Weight (LR)

Max Ramp Weight
-- 48,722 lbs

13

Max Take-Off Weight (LR)

Max Take-Off Weight
-- 48,501 lbs

14

Max Landing Weight (LR)

Max Landing Weight
-- 42,549 lbs

15

Max Zero Fuel Weight (LR)

Max Zero Fuel Weight
-- 39,462 lbs

16

Max Aft Cargo Weight

Max Aft Cargo Weight
- (LR / LR2 / XR) = 2646 lbs
- w/o restraining net = 2182 lbs
( * NOTE - if aircraft has <2000 lbs fuel, only ONE ( 1 ) person is allowed in rear electronics bay or cargo hold at a time).

17

Max Alt. to Extend Flaps

Max Alt. to Extend Flaps
-- 20,000 ft

18

Max Airspeed after Take-off / During Climb without re-trimming

Max Airspeed after Take-off / During Climb without re-trimming
-- 160 KIAS

19

Max Recommended Crosswind (Non-AFM)
(cc = contamination code)

Max Recommended Crosswind (incl. gust):
Dry Runway ................... 30 (cc 6)
Wet Runway .................. 30 (cc 5)
Compacted Snow ....... 25 (cc 4 - 3)
Standing water / slush 20 (cc 2)
Ice (No melting) ........... 10 (cc 1)

20

Icing Conditions:
Max Temp for Anti-Ice (A/I) Operation

Icing Conditions:
Max Temp for Anti-Ice (A/I) Operation:
+10 degC

21

Icing Conditions:
Min. Temp for Manual A/I Operation

Icing Conditions:
Min. Temp for Manual A/I Operation:
-40 degC

22

Icing Conditions:
Holding Configuration

Icing Conditions:
Holding Configuration:
Landing Gear ... UP
Flaps ................... 0 (zero)
Min. Airspeed .. 200 kts

23

Icing Conditions:
Max altitude single-engine or single bleed

Icing Conditions:
Single-engine or single-bleed -
Max altitude 15,000 ft

24

Max fuel imbalance

Max fuel imbalance =
-- 800 lbs

25

Max Usable Fuel Quantity each Tank

Max Usable Fuel Quantity each Tank =
LR / LR2 .............. 5717 lbs (844.9 gals)
XR (main tank).... 5717 lbs (844.9 gals)
XR (ventral tank) 1863 lbs (275.3 gals)

26

APU - Max Alt for Start

APU - Max Alt for Start
-- 30,000 (any model APU)
(T-62T-40C11 or T-62T-40C14)

27

Pneumatic -
Max. Differential Pressure

Max. Differential Pressure ...
+ 7.8 psi

28

APU - Operational Altitude (max)

APU Operational Altitude (max)
37,000 ft (any model APU)

29

Pneumatic -
Max. Differential Overpressure

Max. Differential Overpressure ...
+ 8.1 psi

30

APU - Minimum Temp to Start from GPU

APU - Min Temp to Start from GPU
- 54 degC

31

APU Starter Limits (time):

APU Starter Limits:
- Between 3 consecutive attempts ...
1 Min OFF
- Between 2 series of 3 cons. attempts ...
30 Mins OFF

32

Bleed / Pack Conditions:
Max Operating Alt. when one Bleed or one Pack is closed:

Max Operating Alt. when one Bleed or one Pack is closed ... 25,000 feet

33

Pneumatic -
Max. Differential Negative Pressure

Max. Differential Negative Pressure ...
- 0.3 psi

34

Oxygen Requirements

Oxygen Requirements:
- 2-Crew ..... 1100 psi
- 3-Crew .... 1500 psi

35

Engine Starter Limits

Engine Starter Limits:
On Ground:
- Dry Motoring:
Up to 5 Mins ON, 5 Mins OFF, or
- Starting: First to Fourth Cycles:
1 Min ON, 1 Min OFF
- Following Cycles:
1 Min ON, 5 Mins OFF
in Flight:
-- Max Continuous Time .....
5 Mins ON
----------------------------
* NOTE - No Cool-Down is required should an in-flight start be re-attempted.
* NOTE - Ignition should be selected ON when conducting a Bottle/Cart start or if temperatures are at-or-below 10 degC for cold engine starts.

36

APU - Minimum Battery Voltage to Start APU

APU - Minimum Battery Voltage to Start APU
22 Volts

37

ATTCS
(Automatic Takeoff Thrust Control System)

ATTCS:
-- Must be operative for ALT T/O-1 Mode

38

ITT Limits (AE3007A1) (LR / LR2)
Max Temp Limits

ITT Limits (LR / LR2):
- START ............ 800 degC
- Take-off .......... 948 degC (* 1)
- Continuous ... 901 degC
--- notes ---
( * note 1) Takeoff thrust is time-limited to 5 minutes.

39

Oil Pressure (LR / LR2) limits
-- Below 88% N2

Oil Pressure (LR / LR2) < 88% N2
- Min ....... 34 psi
- Max ...... 110 psi ( * notes 2,6)
--- notes ---
* (note 2) May be exceeded during starts if OIL TEMP is below 21 degC. The engine must remain at IDLE until the pressure is less than 110 PSI.
* (note 6) Operation in oil pressure AMBER range between 111 and 115 psi is permitted in all operational modes and time-limited to 5 minutes, or between 116 and 155 psi in all operational modes time-limited to 2 minutes. Total time above 110 psi may not exceed 5 minutes.

40

Oil Pressure (LR / LR2) limits
-- At or above 88% N2

Oil Pressure (LR / LR2) = or > 88% N2
- Min ....... 50 psi ( * note 7)
- Max ..... 110 psi ( * note 6)
--- notes ---
* (note 7 - While this is an abnormal condition, operation between 50 and 34 psi is permitted during Take-off and Go-around phases)
* (note 6 - Operation in oil pressure AMBER range between 111 and 115 psi is permitted in all operational modes and time-limited to 5 minutes, or between 116 and 155 psi in all operational modes time-limited to 2 minutes. Total time above 110 psi may not exceed 5 minutes.)

41

Oil Temperature Limits (Min / Max)

Oil Temperature Limits (Min / Max)
- Min ...... + 21 degC (*3)
- Max .... + 126 degC
(note 3 - Min oil temp for starting is -40 degC for lubrication oil specified by MIL-L-23699D)

42

Electrical -
Max Load on APU Generator

Max Load on APU Generator ...
400 amps up to 30,000 ft
300 amps above 30,000 ft

43

Electrical -
Max Battery Temp

Max Battery Temp ... +70 degC

44

Autopilot - CAT I

Autopilot - CAT I:
- Min ALT Coupled to ILS ... 200 ft
- S/E Go-around ....... PROHIBITED

45

Autopilot - CAT II
** (Autopilot is MANDATORY for CAT II approaches)

Autopilot - CAT II:
- Min ALT Coupled to ILS ... 50 ft
- Min Decision Height ........ 100 ft

46

CAT II Restrictions (LR/LR2)

CAT II Restrictions =
Min RVR .............. 1200 ft
Max Tailwind ........ 10 kts
Max X-wind .......... 10 kts
Max Headwind ... 25 kts
Single-Engine ... PROHIBITED
--- notes ---
* CAT II operation SHALL be performed with the Autopilot ENGAGED and the Flight Director coupled to the CAPT side.

47

Reversers

Reversers:
-- Do NOT Go-Around after Reverser Deployment

48

Integrated Standby Instrument System (ISIS):
Max duration on batteries only (LR/LRS)

ISIS max time on batteries .... 40 mins
--- notes ---
* The maximum duration of battery power can be extended to 45 Minutes if the Pitot 3 Sensor Heating Button is turned OFF when NOT operating in icing conditions.
* Airplane MUST NOT be moved during POWER-UP Initialization. DO NOT cage attitude in turning flight.

49

Autopilot - Min Engagement Height After Take-off or Go-around.

Min Autopilot Engagement Height After Take-off or Go-around ...
500 ft

50

Bleed / Pack Conditions:
Max Operating Altitude when operating with APU Bleed supplying Pack 1 (ENG 1 Bleed - CLOSED) and Engine 2 supplying Pack 2 (CROSSBLEED - CLOSED):

-- 37,000 feet (Non-AFM)

51

Minimum Operating Temperatures at Altitude

-54 degC to 25,000 ft
-65 degC to 37,000 ft

52

Fuel Tank Temperature limits

-40 to +52 degC

53

Unusable Fuel Quantity each tank

LR/LR2 = 39 lbs (5.8 gals)
XR main = 39 lbs (5.8 gals)
XR ventral = 21 lbs (3.1 gals)
---------------------------------
* NOTE - Unusable fuel increase to 365 lbs each wing if any fuel pump is inoperative.
* NOTE - When performing pressure fueling, usable fuel each tank may be reduced by 13.2 gals)
* NOTE - ^ based on fuel density of 6.767 lbs/gal.

54

APU Minimum Operating Temp.

-54 degC
--------------------
* NOTE - minimum Battery Temp to start APU = -20 degC.

55

APU EGT Limits

Start = 884 degC ( * 1 )
Cont. = 680 degC ( *6 )
-------------------------
* NOTE 1 - May be exceeded up to 925 degC above 25,000 ft for 10 seconds.
* NOTE 6 - May be exceeded up to 717 degC for 5 minutes max.

56

APU overspeed limit

108 % ( * 5 )
-------------------
* NOTE 5 - The APU will be automatically shut down at 104 % rotor speed.

57

Minimum Battery Voltage to start APU

22 VDC

58

Minimum Temp to Start APU from GPU

- 54 degC

59

Selecting ALT/TO-1 Thrust on a contaminated runway is:

PROHIBITED

60

Take-Off on ENG BLEEDS with any thrust mode other than ALT/TO-1 selected requires

Selecting PACKS OFF for Take-off

61

Rotor Speed limits

N1 = 100 %
N2 = 102.4 %

62

Fuel Temp Limits

-54 to +52 degC

63

LP and HP spool vibration limits

LP = 1.8 IPS ( *4 )
HP = 1.1 IPS ( *4 )
----------------------
* NOTE 4 - Vibration in the AMBER range below 2.5 IPS is time-limited to 5 minutes during Take-off or Go-around, or 10 seconds during other flight phases.

64

After start Time-Limits at IDLE to stabilize engine temps.

Cold Eng. = 4 minutes
Warm Eng. = 2 minutes

65

To increase N2 above 83%, Eng Temp must be at (minimum):

40 degC
* In lieu of this limit, it is OK to run Eng for 8 minutes.

66

Engines must be run at IDLE or TAXI thrust for at least ____ prior to shutdown.

1 minute

67

ITT Temp Limits (XR)

Start = 800 degC
Take-Off = 992 degC ( *1 ) all-modes
= 970 degC ( *2 ) all modes
Continuous = 935 degC
--------------------------
* NOTE 1 - Temps between 971 degC and 992 degC are time-limited to 90 seconds.
* NOTE 2 - Time-limited to 5 minutes

68

Oil Pressure Limits (XR)

Below 88% N2 = 34 to 110 psi ( * 4 / 7 )
Above 88% N2 = 48 to 110 psi ( * 7 )
--------------------------------------------
* NOTE 4 - May be exceed during starts if oil temp is < 21 degC. Eng must remain IDLE until oil pressure is < 110 psi.
* NOTE 7 - Operation in AMBER range permitted between 111-115 psi time-limited to 5 minutes, or between 116-155 psi time-limited to 2 minutes. Total time >110 psi may NOT exceed 5 minutes.

69

Max Load on Main Generator

400 amps

70

Each time the Gust Lock is set to UNLOCKED:

Elevator movement must be checked at least 10 seconds AFTER positioning the Gust Lock to UNLOCK by moving the Control Column FULL-FWD, FULL-AFT, FULL-FWD.

71

For comparison of altimeters, the following conditions must be met:

1. Airplane leveled (+/- 50 ft tolerance)
2. Speed stabilized (+/- 5 knots tolerance)
3. Start comparison AFTER 15 seconds stabilized.
------------------
NOTE - Altimeter differences greater than table allowance must be reported to Mx Control.
NOTE - Flight in RVSM airspace is PROHIBITED if altimeters outside of table allowance.
NOTE - Use of AUTOPILOT during altimeter check is Recommended.

72

Ground Tolerance between Altimeters
(Altitude = 0)

50 ft = Max diff b/w CA and F/O altimeters
150 ft = Max diff b/w CA or F/O alt. and STBY altimeter

73

RVSM required equipment

1. Two (2) independent altitude measuring systems
2. One ( 1 ) SSR transponder with altitude reporting
3. An altitude alerting system
4. An automatic altitude control system
---------------------
NOTE - An operable TCAS is NOT REQUIRED to operate in RVSM airspace. If TCAS is operable in RVSM, it must have version 7 software.