1. To affirm that the individual is really dead.
2. To ease the grief of the survivors by affirming that some dignified care was given in the disposition of the loved one.
3. Psychologically, this memory picture should be a starting point for the bereaved to return to normalcy. It is the beginning of grief work, which is the process of resolving grief.
4. The embalmer has heavy responsibilities, for his skill and interest will largely determine the degree of permanent mental trauma to be suffered by all those closely associated with the deceased.
5. If the embalmer failed to produce satisfactory results, he will afford the survivors additional grief and shock.
The memory picture is to accomplish these things. (justification argument for having open-casket service).
1. Keep the body covered as practical. Clean white sheet.
2. Take no liberties whatsoever.
3. Guard against loose talk and remarks.
4. Repeat nothing outside of the preparation room.
5. Disclose no confidential facts as to conditions, age, deformities or diseases causing death. Example: HIV- A.I.D.S.
Instruct and Maintain Highest Moral Standards
1. That a dead human body not endanger the health and well being of the general public.
2. That such a dead human body not cause a public nuisance.
3. That there will not be seepage, leakage, or the escape of noxious odors and gas while transporting a dead human body.
4. That such a dead human body be transported and disposed of in a morally dignified manner according to the wishes of the person holding the primary right of disposition.
Disposition of Human Remains Reflected 19th Century Laws Based on Sanitation And Moral Codes
1. The deceased can no longer demand it themselves.
2. For the sake of the profession; if anyone related to funeral service mortician, crematory operator, cemetery employee, etc will reflect negatively on the entire profession.
3. The golden rule: Treat the deceased how you would want your favorite loved one treated.
Why Must The Funeral Practitioner Respect The Dead?
1. Sanitation and Disinfection; the destruction of MOST microbes and their ability to reproduce.
2. Temporary Preservation; to allow the family time to gather, have open casket visitation, and funeral.
3. Memory Picture; most people agree that an embalmed body appears nicer than an unembalmed body.
What is The Purpose of Embalming?
2. Adult Children (Majority Rules)
4. Adult Siblings (Majority Rules)
Who Has The Primary Right of Disposition of The Deceased in Maryland? (In Order)
1. Clouding of the Cornea.
2. Loss of Luster of The Conjunctiva of The Eye.
3. "Cupping" of The Eyeball.
4. Pupil Dilation
5. No Muscle Response to Light
Postmortem Changes of The Eye
1. Primary disinfection: Disinfection carried out prior to the embalming process.
2. Concurrent Disinfection: Disinfection practices carried out during the embalming process.
3. Terminal Disinfection: Institution of disinfection and decontamination measures after the preparation of the remains.
The 3 Types of disinfection (listed and explained)
1. Agonal Period: Period immediately before somatic death.
2. Clinical Death: A phase of somatic death lasting from 5-6 minutes during which life may be restored.
3. Brain Death
4. Biological Death
5. Cellular Death: Death of the individual cells of the body.
6. Somatic Death: Death of the organism as a whole.
Stages of Death (listed and explained: In order)
1. Brain and nervous system cells: 5-6 minutes.
2. Muscle cells: 3 hours
3. Cornea: 6 hours
4. Blood Cells: 6 hours
Types of Tissues and how long they live after clinical death
1. Cessation of Circulation
2. Cessation of Respiration
3. Pallor of skin - lack of color
4. Complete muscular relaxation (or muscular flaccidity both primary or secondary)
5. Contact flattening and or pallor of the tissues in direct contact with an object.
Early Signs of Death (listed and explained)
2. Bacterial Putrefaction
6. Bacterial Decay
10 Factors to be defined
Self-digestion (by its own enzymes). - Example: Acid Hydrolase
The destruction of the body by anaerobic bacteria.
The breakdown of carbohydrates.
Decomposition of the body in oxygen. Medium.
Decomposition of the body by water or liquids (Carbonic acid).
Decomposition of the body by aerobic bacteria.
The breakdown of bodily sugars.
Destruction of red blood cells that liberates hemoglobin.
Destruction of proteins.
Destruction of lipids (fats).