Lit & Lang Terminology Flashcards Preview

A Level English > Lit & Lang Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lit & Lang Terminology Deck (49):
1

Allusion

To refer to something, either directly or indirectly

2

Archaism

A word that, over time, has fallen out of common usage
E.g - ‘Lords Day’ instead of Sunday

3

Asyndetic Listing

The listing of elements that excludes any form of conjunction (no connectives)

4

Binary Opposites

Elements of a text that hold opposite ends of a notional scale (opposite meanings)
E.g - Black and white

5

Clipping

Colloquial omission of parts of words to create a more casual alternative
E.g - ‘cause’ rather than ‘because’

6

Compound words

A word that is created by putting two existing words together with a hyphen
E.g - ‘Global village’

7

Connotation

The association of words

8

Denotation

The literal meaning of words

9

Dysphemism

An unnecessarily extreme way of saying something, not normally socially appropriate
E.g - swear words

10

Irony

Language that conveys a meaning other than that literally expressed by the words, usually for humorous effect

11

Juxtaposition

The placing together of elements for some conscious effect, whether that b complimentary or contrasting

12

Narrator

The voice that tells the story
1st, 2nd or 3rd person

13

Neologism

A newly invented word

14

Oxymoron

The use of apparently contradicting words in a phrase
E.g - The Living Dead

15

Pathetic Fallacy

Where the weather reflects the mood

16

Portmanteau

A newly invented word, created by merging two words together
E.g - ‘Chillax’(taken from ‘chill out’ and ‘relax’)

17

Protagonist

The main character
Person who the reader identifies with/ follows throughout the story
Can be more than one person

18

Satire

A piece of writing or art that mocks the societal establishment (makes fun of society)

19

Syndetic listing

Listing with conjunctions (connectives)

20

Taboo language

Words that are considered socially unacceptable to say in polite, civilised society
E.g - swear words

21

Abstract noun

A naming word for an idea, concept,state of being or belief
Cannot be physically touched but felt emotionally

22

Active verb

A word that represents a physical action
E.g- jump or run

23

Comparative adjective

An adjective that relates one thing to another in some way
Adding ‘er’ to the end of a word ( smarter ) or a word like ‘more’ if word can have ‘er’ added

24

Declarative sentence

Makes a statement

25

Euphemism

A mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing

26

Exclamatory sentence

A sentence which conveys a strong sense of emotion, alarm or emphasis
Uses an exclamation mark

27

Hyperbole

Over exaggerating things for effect

28

Hyporphora

When a rhetorical question is immediately followed by an answer

29

Imperative sentence

Issues a command

30

Interrogative sentence

Asks a question

31

Litotes

Deliberate downplaying if things for effect

32

Model verb

An auxiliary verb that expresses a degree of possibility or necessity
E.g- could, might, should

33

Monosyllabic lexis

Words that contain one syllable

34

Post modification

Descriptive words that come after the word they are describing
E.g - the was of cash, was big and fat

35

Pre- modification

Descriptive words that are found before the word they are describing
E.g- the big, fat was of cash

36

Pronoun

A word that takes the place of a noun in a sentence
E.g- him,he,she,

37

Register

The level of formality of a text

38

Possessive pronouns

Shows possession of something
E.g- his coat

39

Statute verb

Words that represent a process which is often mental and cannot be seen
E.g- love, fear, thinking

40

Superlative adjective

Displays the most extreme value of its quality and usually adds ‘est’
E.g- most, biggest, smallest

41

Syndedoche

A metaphor that states something is only a constituent part of itself
E.g- he has a new set of ‘wheels’ rather than a new car

42

Hendiadys

The expression of a single idea by the use of two nouns joined by conjunction (and)
House and home
Law and order
Nice and juicy

43

Syntax

Sentence structure

44

Intensifier

Creates a tense mood

45

Modal verb

Command that’s suggest necessity or possibility

46

Provenance

Origins

47

Modality

What is it? It’s mode of communication
Eg monologue, blog etc

48

Reception

How it is received

49

Epiphoral/ Epistrophe

2 sentences that end with the same thing