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Flashcards in Lit. Terms Deck (45)
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1

A group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse.

Stanza

2

Literature that describes imaginary events and people.

Fiction

3

Writing that is based on facts, real events, and real people, such as biography or history.

Nonfiction

4

A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.

Allegory

5

An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.

Allusion

6

Is any book that contains unrealistic settings, or magic, often set in a medieval universe, or possibly involving mythical beings or supernatural forms as a primary element of the plot, theme, or setting.

Fantasy

7

The introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.

Exposition

8

A series of events that builds from the conflict. It begins with the inciting force and ends with the climax.

Rising Action

9

The climax is the result of the crisis. It is the high point of the story for the reader. Frequently, it is the moment of the highest interest and greatest emotion. The point at which the outcome of the conflict can be predicted.

Climax

10

The event or character that triggers the conflict.

Inciting Force

11

The essence of fiction. It creates plot. The conflicts we encounter can usually be identified as one of four kinds. (Man versus…Man, Nature, Society, or Self)

Conflict

12

The events after the climax which close the story.

Falling Action

13

Rounds out and concludes the action.

Resolution

14

The use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in the story.

Foreshadowing

15

The conflict reaches a turning point. At this point the opposing forces in the story meet and the conflict becomes most intense. The crisis occurs before or at the same time as the climax.

Crisis

16

They have good and bad qualities.

Round Characters

17

They have only one quality and are of minor importance.

Flat Characters

18

Grows or progresses to a higher level of understanding in the course of the story.

Dynamic Characters

19

Someone who stays the same.

Static Characters

20

The main character in the story.

Protagonist

21

The character or force that opposes the protagonist.

Antagonist

22

A character who provides a contrast to the protagonist.

Foil

23

The narrator is a character in the story who can reveal only personal thoughts and feelings and what he or she sees and is told by other characters. He can’t tell us thoughts of other characters.

First-Person

24

The narrator is an outsider who can report only what he or she sees and hears. This narrator can tell us what is happening, but he can’t tell us the thoughts of the characters.

Third-Person Objective

25

The narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind of one of the characters.

Third-Person Limited

26

The narrator is an all-knowing outsider who can enter the minds of more than one of the characters.

Omnicient

27

Conflict that pits one person against another.

Man V. Man

28

A run-in with the forces of nature. On the one hand, it expresses the insignificance of a single human life in the cosmic scheme of things. On the other hand, it tests the limits of a person’s strength and will to live.

Man V. Nature

29

The values and customs by which everyone else lives are being challenged. The character may come to an untimely end as a result of his or her own convictions. The character may, on the other hand, bring others around to a sympathetic point of view, or it may be decided that society was right after all.

Man V. Society

30

Internal conflict. Not all conflict involves other people. Sometimes people are their own worst enemies. An internal conflict is a good test of a character’s values. Does he give in to temptation or rise above it? Does he demand the most from himself or settle for something less? Does he even bother to struggle? The internal conflicts of a character and how they are resolved are good clues to the character’s inner strength.

Man V. Self