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Flashcards in Lit Terms Deck (44):
1

a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse.

Stanza

2

literature that describes imaginary events and people.

Fiction

3

writing that is based on facts, real events, and real people, such as biography or history

Non-Fiction

4

a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one

Allegory

5

an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference

Allusion

6

is any book that contains unrealistic settings, or magic, often set in a medieval universe, or possibly involving mythical beings or supernatural forms as a primary element of the plot, theme, or setting

Fantasy

7


The introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.

Exposition

8

A series of events that builds from the conflict. It begins with the inciting force and ends with the climax.

Rising Action

9

The climax is the result of the crisis. It is the high point of the story for the reader. Frequently, it is the moment of the highest interest and greatest emotion. The point at which the outcome of the conflict can be predicted.

Climax

10

The event or character that triggers the conflict.

Inciting Force

11

The essence of fiction. It creates plot. The conflicts we encounter can usually be identified as one of four kinds. (Man versus…Man, Nature, Society, or Self)

Conflict

12

The events after the climax which close the story.

Falling Action

13

Rounds out and concludes the action.

Resolution

14

The use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in the story.

Foreshadowing

15

The conflict reaches a turning point. At this point the opposing forces in the story meet and the conflict becomes most intense. The crisis occurs before or at the same time as the climax.

Crisis

16

three-dimensional characters. They have good and bad qualities.

Round Character

17

they have only one quality and are of minor importance

Flat Character

18

grows or progresses to a higher level of understanding in the course of the story.

Dynamic Character

19

someone who stays the same

Static Character

20

The main character in the story

Protagonist

21

The character or force that opposes the protagonist.

Antagonist

22

A character who provides a contrast to the protagonist.

Foil

23

The narrator is a character in the story who can reveal only personal thoughts and feelings and what he or she sees and is told by other characters. He can’t tell us thoughts of other characters.

First Person

24

The narrator is an outsider who can report only what he or she sees and hears. This narrator can tell us what is happening, but he can’t tell us the thoughts of the characters.

Third-Person Objective

25

The narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind of one of the characters.

Third-Person Limited

26

The narrator is an all-knowing outsider who can enter the minds of more than one of the characters.

Omniscient

27

Conflict that pits one person against another.

Man vs Man

28

A run-in with the forces of nature. On the one hand, it expresses the insignificance of a single human life in the cosmic scheme of things. On the other hand, it tests the limits of a person’s strength and will to live.

Man vs Nature

29

The values and customs by which everyone else lives are being challenged. The character may come to an untimely end as a result of his or her own convictions. The character may, on the other hand, bring others around to a sympathetic point of view, or it may be decided that society was right after all.

Man vs Society

30

Internal conflict. Not all conflict involves other people. Sometimes people are their own worst enemies. An internal conflict is a good test of a character’s values. Does he give in to temptation or rise above it? Does he demand the most from himself or settle for something less? Does he even bother to struggle? The internal conflicts of a character and how they are resolved are good clues to the character’s inner strength.

Man vs Self

31

The contrast between what is said and what is actually meant.

Verbal Irony

32

This refers to a happening that is the opposite of what is expected or intended.

Irony of Situation

33

This occurs when the audience or reader knows more than the characters know.

Dramatic Irony

34

The author’s attitude, stated or implied, toward a subject. Some possible attitudes are pessimism, optimism, earnestness, seriousness, bitterness, humorous, and joyful. An author’s tone can be revealed through choice of words and details.

Tone

35

The climate of feeling in a literary work. The choice of setting, objects, details, images, and words all contribute towards creating a specific mood. For example, an author may create a mood of mystery around a character or setting but may treat that character or setting in an ironic, serious, or humorous tone

Mood

36

A person, place or object which has a meaning in itself but suggests other meanings as well. Things, characters and actions can be symbols. Anything that suggests a meaning beyond the obvious.
Some symbols are conventional, generally meaning the same thing to all readers.
For example: bright sunshine symbolizes goodness and water is a symbolic cleanser.

Symbolism

37

The main idea or underlying meaning of a literary work. A theme may be stated or implied. Theme differs from the subject or topic of a literary work in that it involves a statement or opinion about the topic. Not every literary work has a theme. Themes may be major or minor. A major theme is an idea the author returns to time and again. It becomes one of the most important ideas in the story. Minor themes are ideas that may appear from time to time.
It is important to recognize the difference between the theme of a literary work and the subject of a literary work. The subject is the topic on which an author has chosen to write. The theme, however, makes some statement about or expresses some opinion on that topic. For example, the subject of a story might be war while the theme might be the idea that war is useless.

32. IMAGERY: Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses.

Theme

38

Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses.

Imagery

39

A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.

Simile

40

A figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as. Example: The road was a ribbon of moonlight.

Metaphor

41

Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Alliteration is used to create melody, establish mood, call attention to important words, and point out similarities and contrasts. Example: wide-eyed and wondering while we wait for others to waken.

Alliteration

42

A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. It is a comparison which the author uses to show something in an entirely new light, to communicate a certain feeling or attitude towards it and to control the way a reader perceives it. Example: a brave handsome brute fell with a creaking rending cry--the author is giving a tree human qualities.

Personification

43

The use of words that mimic sounds. They appeal to our sense of hearing and they help bring a description to life. A string of syllables the author has made up to represent the way a sound really sounds. Example: Caarackle!


Onomatopoeia

44

An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. Example: She’s said so on several million occasions

Hyperbole